Poverty is a huge issue in South Africa because people who live in poverty usually turn to crime as the solution in order to survive. People living in poverty become more sick from lack of access to clean water and sanitation and children are prone to malnutrition.
13,434 deaths were d to unsafe sanitation which also accounted for 2.6% of all deaths in South Africa in 2000. Having ineffectual and Incompetent access to safe water and/or sanitation services, synced with poorly skilled hygiene habitd, diminishes and disturbs thousands of children every day, which margins towards and edges society to approach to impoverishment and minimizes convinient opportunities for thousands more. In terms of both water and sanitation, Africa is far behind other areas of the world: across the continent, 327 million people lack access to safe drinking water while 565 million lack access to sanitation – 210 million more than in 1990. It has been predicted that at current amount of
Due to the effects of poverty food insecurity is a global issue as well but the highest number of individuals living in poverty is in Africa, this is odd in the sense that Africa is so huge and could possibly be one of the largest agricultural continent, with the largest food producing capacity. What solutions are there to alleviate this problem not only for the globe but for Africa in particular? • Improving Africa agriculture. Improvements in African agriculture will be necessary to feed the world’s growing population, it is estimated that approximately 60% of the world’s potential arable land is on the African continent, with all the natural elements required to start farming like sun, water and soil for rain. The problem is that although Africa has such great potential, it one of the most unproductive agricultural continents and relies on the imports for other states for food.
However, the biggest drawback is the well-recognized potential to pollute groundwater resources (ARGOSS, 2001; Lewis et al., 1980), which conﬂicts with Integrated Water Resources Management principles, in particular to preserve the integrity of vital ecosystems and to maintain water quality and quantity. Given the widespread use of groundwater for domestic purposes in rural areas, maintaining groundwater quality is a critical livelihood intervention. Globally, the larger part of the population lives in rural areas and in Africa it is estimated that these people represent approximately 70–80% of the continent’s population. As is the case with most rural communities in the country, the people of Ikwezi municipality mainly use borehole water as a source of domestic water and other purposes and ventilated pit latrines for sanitation. The geological setup and soil type in the study area, is
Or their only source of water is backyard faucet shared by several homes. So, because of the availability of clean water is being abused, the problem of wasting water started to emerge. Some people thinks that with all the water on our plant’s surface, why are many so worried about water preservation? People who waste water think that it’s from their right to have plenty of water. If one mediates the world around, he/she should have observed that all creatures on earth need water to survive.
In developing countries, areas which have large scale agricultural activities especially in water intensive agricultural activities such as horticulture usually experience water shortages due to the amount of water used in agriculture. It is important that alternative water sources are used for agriculture is there is to be clean drinking water for people across the
There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive. Although getting an education is a law in South Africa many children do not get this privilege as they cannot afford to go to school (overpopulation) or live far from a school, and some do not get a good education. This therefore leads to the lack of education, which leaves more people without skills and knowledge. The environmental issues are the lack of soil (land), bodies of water (water), forests and air (atmosphere). The over use of natural resources lead to shortages of food, clean water,
The current statistics shows that South Africa is a water-scarce country with an annual freshwater availability is less than 1700m3 per capita, whit limited average rainfall of about 450mm per year and unevenly distributed water resources. South Africa’s has come up whit the strategy of many dams must be built for water storage to sustain us in the future. According to (De Villiers & De Wit, 2010) South Africa’s dam storage capacity is 66% of this volume with the reliable surface water yield at 82% of its maximum capacity under current rainfall and evaporation conditions. Water has historically been allocated to meet the demands of irrigated agriculture, mining projects, and urban growth. Most recently, government has strived to allocate water
Poverty can be the result of political instability, ethnic conflicts, climate change and other man-made causes. But one of the greatest causes of poverty in Africa is also the most overlooked...the lack of access to clean drinking water. Nearly one billion people do not have access to clean, safe water . With much of one's day already consumed by meeting basic needs, there isn't time for much else. The hours lost to gathering water are often the difference between time to do a trade and earn a living and not.
Previously, all townships and established compounds in Zambia were provided with 24 hours supply of clean and safe drinking water. All tap water was well treated and fit for human consumption. Providers of sanitary services too, used to respond promptly each time there was a blockage and worked flat out until the problem was solved. This was followed with disinfection of the whole area with chemicals to ensure that it was free from pathogens. With time, however, the quality of services both water supply and sanitation started declining.