Climate Change In Pakistan

745 Words3 Pages
Climate change has serious negative impacts on agriculture crops production in Pakistan. This sector contributes 21 % of Pakistan’s economy. About 80% agricultural yield is produced by cultivation of land through the world largest integrated irrigation system. This report reveals that climatic condition in Pakistan causes of extreme temperature, less rainfall, variation in precipitation, rapidly glacier melting and increase in evaporation, releases of GHG emission, and crop water requirements. In addition, both urban and rural areas are also contributing to climate change. Because urban areas are becoming most congested with developing industries, increasing pollution, and poor water quality. But another side, the rural areas are observing…show more content…
Due to uneven and shortage of irrigation water causes lower crop yield in irrigated areas. The majority of the farmers are less interested in cultivating water-intensive crops such as rice and sugarcane that need more water due to extreme temperature with high evaporation. During the summer season, extreme temperature with strong evaporation has a direct impact on low crop production. Climate change cause of extra melting glaciers and annual rainfall that lead to flash floods with millions of people displaced and loss of billions of worth crop food. Natural disasters like droughts, floods, and storms are damage to standing crops, livelihood, and property. Finally, rapidly increasing population and a shortage of food in the market, the cause of high food prices inflation which become a barrier for the poor people to have easy access to food. Due to high prices, staple foods (rice, wheat, sugarcane, maize, and vegetables) have become out of the range of poor people.…show more content…
that lead to the risk of food security, high food prices, and economic losses in the country. Food security not only carries with sufficient food but it also ensures people’s full access to adequate food. Pakistan needs certain initiative actions and policy recommendations on national and international to overcome the effects of climate change and food crisis. There is need to reduce the GHG emission by reducing transports, stopping the increase in industrialization, encouraging the green economy, and improving the agriculture practices. Pakistan government can be controlled to food security problem by overcoming the issues such as population growth, climate change, widespread poverty and income inequality, water scarcity, land degradation and food price inflation. Pakistan needs an adaptation strategy in order to deal with emerging hazard of climate changes. Policy makers should focus investments on infrastructure development such as water reservoirs, canals, dams to handle the storage of water and extreme disasters to overcome the crisis of food security. Furthermore, water conservation management and the irrigation system must be improved to increase the agriculture food growth. There should be produced new heat and drought resistant seeds of wheat and rice in terms of changing pattern of climate
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