It is generally caused by underlying conditions, such as high blood pressure or heart disease. These conditions damage our heart, making the heart muscle thick. The damaged muscle either cannot slow down properly to let the pumping chambers of the heart, the ventricles, fill with enough blood, or it cannot contract well to let the ventricles pump out enough blood.
This can bring about shortness of breath, leg swelling (called edema), and different issues. Furthermore, organs in your body may not get the oxygen and supplements they have to work legitimately. Heart failure is a perpetual (progressing) condition that creates after some time. It is typically created by fundamental conditions, for example, hypertension or coronary illness. These conditions harm your heart, making the heart muscle hardened or thick.
This is a disease that is caused by scarring of lung tissue over time due to an unknown reason. The increase in fibrotic tissue decreases lung compliance and reduces the amount of volume lungs can accommodate. Pulmonary fibrosis also decreases gas diffusion
Left Circumflex Artery 3. Right Coronary Artery. When these arteries are narrowed, the blood flow and oxygen circulation is forced to stop causing your body to have less movement. This is a very dangerous disease due to the fact that when the blood clot occurs in the body, your heart may stop pumping blood and inhaling/exhaling oxygen which leads to certain heart attacks and/or death.
What is emphysema? The definition of emphysema is a condition where the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness. Emphysema is a long term disease that progressives in the lungs. The disease causes shortness in breathing due to over-inflation of the air sacs, emphysema is called obstructive lung disease because when someone that has the disease exhaled, the airflow is slowed down or stop because of over inflated alveoli doesn’t substitute gases when someone breaths or does little to nothing. Men are more than likely to get emphysema than women the reason being is unknown, but the different hormones in each gender is suspected.
Here are the fast facts that you should know about chest pain to be alert and prepared in case of emergencies. Cardiac vs. Non-Cardiac Pain Cardiac pain is typically labeled as the compression and clutching in the heart area. On the other hand, non-cardiac pain is often sensed as a piercing and scorching feeling with a tremor of the chest wall. Nevertheless, older people and women usually do not always present these events in its typical manner. Non-Cardiac Pain-related illnesses include: Angina – the obstruction in the heart blood vessels that decreases the blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
FIG : NORMAL HEART FIG : HYPERTROPHIC HEART (Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,Cleveland clinic) Above figure in the left shows physiology of the normal heart while the right one shows physiology of hypertrophic heart having leaky mitral valve, thickened septum and narrowed outflow tract. Symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: (Marian Ali .,2010) • Arrhythmias: This condition mainly occurs when heart rhythms of the patient are irregular due to improper flow of blood from the heart to rest of the body. This could further lead to cardiac failure along with sudden death of the patient. • Syncope: It does not occur frequently but usually in patients having left ventricular outflow
Prolonged lymphatic obstruction can lead to Lymphedema, which is fluid accumulation and swelling in the tissues caused by the obstruction of vessels. Lymphatic obstruction could either be genetically inherited, in which lymph vessels are formed incorrectly resulting in dysfunction, or outside sources such as cancer or sugary which causes the removal or disruption of the vessels. This causes a disruption in the starling’s forces because fluid can be taken out of the capillary into the interstitial space, but it cannot reenter the capillary due to the blockage of the lymphatic
This is different for an individual with a disease such as asthma because it is an obstructive disease which causes an individual the have difficulties in breathing. During a flare up an individual has a longer forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). Instead of being approximately four seconds it takes an individual approximately fifteen seconds to expel of the the air during a forced
4. Heart palpitations 5. Irregular heartbeat 6. Upheavals in the left side of the chest Patients with insufficient mitral valve can also feel dizziness in the morning or before the sleep and their heartbeat may become unstable due to the disruptions in the heart rhythm. Mitral valve insufficiency causes There are two types of this insufficiency: congenital and acquired.
Right-sided heart failure is when the cardiac muscle on the right side of the heart becomes too weak to pump a sufficient amount of deoxygenated blood to the lungs. It is usually a complication of various conditions including lung diseases such as emphysema. This means that less oxygenated blood is taken from the lungs by the pulmonary veins and transported to the left side of the heart to then be pumped around the body. It can also produce a back-up of blood in the vessels within the body. This failure to pump sufficient blood to the lungs results in a build-up of fluid, which is known as oedema.
Buerger 's disease is are rare disease also known as thromboangiitis obliterans. This rare disease causes acute inflammation and thrombosis in the arteries and veins found on the body 's upper and lower extremities. Buerger 's disease causes clotting in the vessels; the obstruction of the vessels affects the tissues of the body by limiting the blood distribution. Due to the lack of blood, the body experiences pain and loss of tissue which leads to skin ulcerations. If the disease is extremely advanced it may also affect other vessels in the body that are not in the arms and legs (Mutukuro, Vishnu & Suresh, Kalkunte 56).
Pneumothorax is the presence of air in the pleural space. This happens because of the wound in surface area of the lung and the air move from the lung to pleural cavity and causing collapsed. The collapsed due to the VQ mismatch which is called shunt. Pneumothorax is divided into tension pneumothorax and non-tension pneumothorax. Tension pneumothorax is a very serious condition that can develop with any pneumothorax.
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.