Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world. Most of the waste produced on land is either intentionally or unconsciously discharged into the oceans. Marine pollution and aquatic debris can utterly destroy the oceans causing extinction of the marine creatures. Innovative techniques should be implemented in the law to prevent the marine environment from any further damage. In order to improve the marine environment, the government and the Environment Public Authority of Kuwait should take immediate actions that can influence the society and help in minimizing aquatic debris and pollution.
The Great Barrier Reef supplies natural medicines that could be produced into effective drugs. Many coastal and island communities depend on coral reef fisheries for their economic, social, and cultural benefits. The Great Barrier Reef protects the vulnerable land that it surrounds. It can dissipate wave energy from storms and tsunamis. The biodiversity ensures that some life will maintain survival, even after major catastrophic events that abolish many species (Carilli).
As observations were conducted on multiple reefs, however, a major decline in the water quality and coral coverage of reefs worldwide had declined dramatically. It was upon these observations that the reefs ability to self sustain was questioned (P. Harris, 2012). Their structure is resilient to most natural disturbances, however, they are extremely vulnerable to human interference such as the nutrient contamination of their water quality that has occurred. The contamination this study focuses on is as a result of fertiliser and other nutrient rich pollution which have contaminated these coral sanctuaries. This contamination has lead to great loss of coral coverage.
Ocean polluting has big impact on human’s health too. As those chemicals are ingested by the animals, it is not good for humans. Because we are at the end of the food chain, we consume contaminated fish and mammals. We might consume much more toxic chemicals than the sea animals. There are different types of ways that plastic is dangerous for humans.
it would be difficult and expensive to remove plastic from the sea. . .” but, “researchers suggest it would be better to start managing waste,”. The researches continue to suggest that trying to reduce the amount of waste people produce would also be very helpful (“Plastic Peril”). There is an idea called Seawer, and it will strain and filter ocean water.
Coral reefs provide home to a significant number of sea species and coral bleaching causes their habitats to destroy completely and effect the marine life adversely. Thus it is much better to prevent coral bleaching than to accomplish its recovery which may take many
5. The US Coast Guard failed to provide a proper vessel tracking system. The Impact of the incident on the environment Although the Exxon Valdez oil spill does not rank highly as the largest oil spill, the impact on the environment proved to be the most disastrous. The location of the spill inside a contained body of water rather than in the open ocean resulted in the oil being sequestered causing weathering by wave action, light and bacteria to be inhibited, the seasonal timing and geographical location also influenced the severity of the impact. Effects of the spill are still evident twenty-seven years after it occurred.
Examples of negative local practices are the usage of poison/explosives and overfishing. Overfishing as the name suggests, is fishing a certain fish to an excess amount, decimating the population. This could put multiple organisms’ populations at risk and populations may possibly go extinct. Another practice that negatively impacts the ocean is the usage of poison and explosives. Obviously, the poison that is used in fishing (mainly cyanide) is harmful for the ocean because it may poison other fish over the years.
It also is toxic to many aquatic species during various parts of their life cycles. Oil can literally smother some species because it hinders their ability to absorb from the water. Plants and kelp are particularly affected by oil spills, and as the base of most ocean life it causes ripples up the food change, much like sea star wasting caused ripples down the food chain. Some species are more affected than others such as kelp, sea otters and marine birds all of which play critical roles in the marine ecosystem. Oil spills are yet another threat for these already threatened ecosystems.
The next cause of coral reef destruction are the invasive sea creatures which destroy or harm the symbiotic relationship between the fishes and other sea creatures that rely on the shelter of a coral reef could provide. One example is the Crown of Thorns Starfish. This starfish is very abrasive in clearing out a bunch of coral reefs. Being spiny and toxic it truly is a superior over small creatures and even if there are some of its predators, these predators are somehow over-harvested for consumption hence, affecting the food chain cycle. Thus, there would be an increase of their