Essay On Conclusion Of Elderly In India

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Conclusion Due to demographic transition and economic development, the proportion of old people increases in developing countries including India. In India, the proportion of elderly was1 percent in 1991 and it increases to 8.57 percent in 2011(according to census report). It has serious consequences in types of living arrangements of elderly. In ancient India, elderly people play an important role in the family as well as in society. They had enjoyed a high status of decision making power in the family. The family members were the caregivers of the elderly especially children and grandchildren and others. Gradually, Indian society is moving away from the joint family to the nuclear family system and it has profound serious implications for the support and care of the…show more content…
This implies that in north-east India the family is the main caregiver for elderly. We do not find much disparity of the elderly living arrangements between rural and urban areas, but the differentials are marked among the sexes in north-east India. While more male elderly are found to co-reside with spouse and other family members, the elderly females are found to co-reside with their children and/or other relatives and in some cases, they forced to live alone. The reason may be that Indian society men generally married to younger women and the life expectancy for women (69.6 years) is higher than men (66.4 years). As a consequence of this, we find more elderly widow than widower in Indian society and northeast India is not an exception to this trend. Thus we find elderly women live with their children and/or others and/or alone. The ANOVA result suggests that there is significant variation in the living arrangements of elderly in north-east India and the Chi-square test also confirmed a significant difference in living arrangements for the elderly based on the age, sex,

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