Essay On Concrete Materials

1175 Words5 Pages
Concrete materials are still a dominant material for construction due to its advantages suchas workability, low cost and fire resistance as well as its low maintenance cost. It is formed from a hardened mixture of cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, water and some admixture. Massive exploration of the natural resources for producing concrete affect to the environment condition and global warning. We have responsibility to reduce the effect of the application of concrete materials to environmental impact. The concrete should be used as efficient as possible. Nowadays researches efforts are continuously looking for new, better and efficient construction method. Various theories related to the analysis of structural elements reduced the self-weight of element for a given load- carrying capacity. Structural material optimization can reduce the dead load which reduce the contribution of seismic effect in high rise structures and also very good at the vibration dampers and heat isolation. According to the natural behaviour of the concrete, it is strong in compression and weak in tension. Our assumption to design the R.C beams is the contribution of tensile stress of the concrete is neglected. The…show more content…
In construction industries huge wastage in concrete occurs. Material cost is a main component in the total cost of the product varying from 25 to 70%. Therefore, in order to control the cost, it is necessary to pay maximum attention for controlling material cost especially through abnormal losses. It should be made sure that the right quantities of materials are consumed with less wastage. This issue can be minimized by avoiding concrete in the neutral axis without bearing significant strength. Saving of concrete can be efficiently achieved with increase in length and depth of the beam. Therefore it can be effectively utilized during the construction of plinth beams, raft foundation, piers and similar other

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