On October 1, 1990, RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) invaded Rwanda for their "democracy, good governance and the right of refugees displaces from earlier violence to return to Rwanda." This was said to have started the Rwandan Civil War, where they had help from the Ugandan government who demanded to share power. The Rwandan Society was characterized by ethnic and political tensions that were shared throughout the entire population. The ecosystem that they lived in was a root cause for the political system. The areas where agriculture was sustainable, were all occupied by Hutu Kingdoms and it wasn't accepted for them.
Conflicts which appear as a mere inter-ethnic differences consisted of multifaceted variables (Lubo, 2012). He mentioned a number of ethnic conflicts that occurred after 1991 and their causes and concludes: “In spite of the creation of ethnic federalism as an endeavor to address inter-ethnic conflictual problems with Ethiopia” (ibid, 2012:66). Thus, the ethnic federal arrangement has become major source of ethnic conflicts over identity, territory and claims to power and resources. Moreover, according to Mesfin (2006), ethnic conflicts are the results of deliberate manipulation of ethnic sentiments and identities by either leader of ethnic groups or government officers who want to use conflicts as a means of securing economic and political
The interhamwe “those who fight together” had carried out most of the killings throughout the genocide as they were trained prior to the genocide. Hutu’s were motivated by hate speech over radios to kill the Tutsi’s before they destroy Rwanda. The Hutu’s were made to believe that the Tutsi’s must be killed. The largest massacres occurred where the Tutsi’s had gathered together for protection. Such as churches schools and abandoned UN posts.
A Violation The Treaty of Versailles was a violation of Wilson’s ideals. The Treaty is one of the most important agreements (or disagreements) that shaped 20th century Europe socially and physically. Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 in an address to the United States Senate called for a peace without victors, but the Treaty signed by the participating nations was everything but that. The blame for the war was placed on Germany and justified the reparations that were outlined by the treaty for the war. The terms of the treaty were very harsh to the Germans and they took on great resentment.
My ethnic conflict is about the Rwanda Genocide that happened in April 1994 in Rwanda. A genocide is the killing of a large group of people mostly ethnic groups. This conflict was between two ethnic groups, the Tutsi and Hutu. The cause of the conflicts was political, social and economical. In the article provoking a genocide by the journal of Genocide Research, the author reexamines the role of the Tutsi led by the RFP forces.
The Hutu-Tutsi dichotomy has long been (and still remains) a major source of instability in the Great Lakes Region. More specifically, in Rwanda memories of the 1994 genocide are still visible in contemporary politics. Building on this, this paper explores the role played by ethnicity during the Rwandan genocide. Addressing this question matters if we are to understand how the current Tutsi-led regime of Paul Kagame (in power since the end of the genocide) plays upon the notion of ‘ethnic reconciliation’ to justify his monopoly of power . Therefore, in answering the question, the paper will argue that ethnicity – here intended as a ‘subjective belief in common descent’ allegedly ‘having genetic foundations’ – deserves careful consideration
It was the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the minority Tutsi, who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu peoples, who had come to power in the rebellion of 1959–1962 and overthrown the Tutsi monarchy. During this period, the world was horrified as a terrible campaign of bloodbath overtook the whole country. This genocide had been planned by members of the Hutu power group known as the Akazu, many of whom
Due to the nature of the conflict, violence was common in areas where Kikuyus dominated the Rift valley region . Those were areas where land injustices between Kikuyus and Kalenjins are rampant. The violence left over 1000 people dead and 800,000 families homeless. The most affected people in the 2007/07 ethnic conflict were from the Kikuyu ethnic group. The conflict was triggered by a disputed presidential election held on December 27th 2007.
THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE. Genocides which refers to the deliberate killing of a large group of people, on the basis of their ethnic group, is one of the evil practice that have been taking place in some parts of the world. In 1994, Rwanda which is a small country located in the central region of Africa, experienced genocide which killed about one million of people, others were left injured whereas others were forced to be refugees. There are many factors that contributed to genocide, and these includes ethnical or tribal hatred, failure of the ruling government and the inequality treatment of the Hutus and Tutsis. Thus, in this essay I will outline how these factors led to genocide and what efforts were made to bring about peace again.
INTRODUCTION This research paper first briefly outline what is behind the meaning of ethnic conflict as well as the background of the mass murder and the genocide. The research will also outline the types of violence that were behind this genocide in Rwanda. The research will also look at who the organizers of the genocide were, who the killers were, who the victims were, and the patterns of killings. It will then go on and highlight what were the major causes of this genocide and then finally how the violence was solved. Ethnic Conflict Ethnic conflict is a term loaded with often legitimate negative associations and entirely unnecessary confusions.