INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease is a general term that describes the disease of the heart or the blood vessels. These diseases can include many categories, some of which includes, angina, abnormal blood pressure for the age group, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, abnormal pulse, hypertensive emergency and others which will be discussed later on. The cardiovascular system is actually made up of a few parts, including the heart, blood and all the blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries) in the body. Even so, most of the diseases and the emergencies involving the cardiovascular system mostly is about the heart and not the blood vessels. There are many kinds of cardiovascular disease that requires the attention of a first aider before the patient is sent to the Emergency Room.
A. Though there is no specific medical reasoning for these early births there are things that decreases your chances of having a full term pregnancy. 1. For most of us it is common sense not to smoke, drink, or use any drug while pregnant. The toxins in each of these can cause miscarriages, and increases your risk premature labor and a low birth weight for your baby.
Birth control pills are pills that have to be taken daily in order to prevent pregnancy. The pills are a form of oral contraception. Once again, birth control pills work by releasing hormones (progestin and estrogen) into the body that prevent the ovaries from releasing ova (eggs) and thickening cervical mucus to prevent sperm from passing. Birth control pills are very effective if they are taken correctly and on the right time each day. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they take the pill correctly.
Cardiovascular stress related to pregnancy, labour and delivery may induce various degrees of cardiac failure in pregnants with cardiac diseases (2). A systolic pulmonary artery pressure of above 50 mmHg is associated with cardiac complications during pregnancy as functional status worsens more rapidly in pregnant patients with mitral valve stenosis. Cardiac decompensation and pulmonary oedema may occur at any time during the second or third trimester. Fluid restriction, diuretics, and control of atrial fibrillation are basic measures that can prevent pulmonary congestion (2). Safe use of NPPV and regional anaesthesia combination for caesarean section have previously described with several case reports in patients with respiratory failure due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia and non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (3-5).
Everyone with diabetes who is 12 years old or over is invited for screening once a year. The screening test involves examining the back of the eyes and taking photographs of the retina. Screening can detect diabetic retinopathy before one notice any changes in the vision. Causes Over the time, hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar content) causes blockage of the minute blood vessels that provide nourishment to the retina, thereby cutting off the blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels.
In adults, the ' umbilical hernia is caused by an increased pressure intra-abdominal, in turn induced ascites, cirrhosis , pregnancy, extreme efforts or malignancy. in the newborn , umbilical hernia tends to regress spontaneously within a few months, without necessarily intervene with surgery. In contrast, in adults, umbilical hernia is usually subjected to the intervention to minimize the risk of extremely dangerous complications (incarcerated hernia and strangulated hernia). Femoral
The aged people are more prone to heart diseases including men. Examples of heart diseases include; heart failure, coronary artery diseases, congenital heart diseases etc. the causes of heart diseases include heredity, excessive smoking and weight gain, lack of rest, diabetes mellitus, sedentary lifestyle etc. To a greater extent, most heart diseases are preventable and the people at risk of having this disease include; heavy smokers, fat people, people that does not exercise and those that perform stressful activities, diabetic people, familial tendency etc. The nurse plays her roles in reducing and preventing
A disadvantage of being a ‘living donor’ all surgeries come with the risk of infection, future medical problems, medical error, and even death. After donating an organ the donor could develop a disease or a condition that could compromise the function of the remaining organ. People don 't realize what the body goes through when they donate or recieve a organ it is along way to recovery. Depression and anxiety are developed in most cases because of the difficult recovery process. Often when the recipient and living donor leave the hospital they are taking several different medications to control blood pressure or to help from fighting off the donor organ.
The ultrasound measurements of the fetus in the first half of gestation are normal, even in cases of moderate to severe maternal pathology. If you have a pathology as a mother, growth retardation (CIR) will become evident in 25-30 weeks. There is no fixed time, I speak of weeks to approach. You may wonder, what maternal diseases are most common in cases of fetal growth retardation ? : The most frequent and known is hypertension.
Hypertension may develop over the course of several years. During those years, you may not notice any symptoms. Even without symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage to your arteries and blood vessels. Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure readings can help you and your doctor notice any changes.
It is good to know your family’s history because some types of anemia are passed down through the family. If the body has a lack of oxygen some very severe things may occur. These things include stroke and disruption in growth. In the Aplastic anemia, the body is lacking in more than just red blood cells. In this type of anemia, the body lacks in white blood cells and platelets.
Majority of babies that undergo this type of surgery repair have high survival rates. They will continue to follow a Cardiologist for their lifetime management of the repair. The physician will watch for signs of blood blockage, complications and growth of the artificial tube as it does not grow with the baby and will likely need further surgeries to extend the connection and continue successful blood flow (2). Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Truncus Arteriosus are congenital heart defects found in babies that can result in fatality if left untreated. However, both of these diseases can potentially be found by fetal ultrasound before birth and therefore treated immediately after birth showing that a deadly heart defect can be successfully treated and
Most cyanosis has to do with the lack of oxygen to the blood. Many problems can lead to lack of blood some include: problems with the lungs, airways leading to the lungs, heart problems, drug overdose, and exposure to cold water or air. One is “Tetralogy of Fallot, Which is the most common cyanotic heart defect seen in children beyond infancy. Tetralogy of Fallot is also the most common cyanotic congenital lesion that is likely to result in survival to adulthood and thus is the most common complex lesion to be encountered in the adult population after repair. The original anatomic description of tetralogy of Fallot included a tetrad of malformations: ventricular septal defect, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, aorta overriding the ventricular septum, and right ventricular hypertrophy.” (Jacobs,
Symptoms can show signs of chest pain or anxiety from stress. There are multiple signs and symptoms a person should look out for, such as dizziness, fatigue, rapid irregular heartbeat, or even swelling in the ankles, legs, and feet. But, in some cases there may be no symptoms at all. 3.Heart Failure can affect anyone of age, including infants, toddlers, children, teens, adults, and the elderly. America is the number
One being embryonic arrest (or isolated dextrocardia your heart is facing the right side with no side affects). The other being dextrocardia situs inversus (its further divided). There is no know causes to lead up to have dextrocardia. You many have defects in the heart chambers and/or valves. Your heart may develop differently because of anatomical problems such as problems in your lungs, abdomen, or chest that can cause them to shift differently.