of architecture which including history, identity, culture, prosperity or spirit of a city. Accordingly, to reach this process of the dialectics of nature, tradition, and modern avant-garde architecture, Frampton constituted a theoretical background representing critical regionalism. In addition to that critical regionalism adopts the principle of the tectonic reality and place in architecture. In other words, the architect should create the tectonic reality by using the physical dimensions of the site consisting of topography, climate; the sensual features consisting of light, heat, weather movements as well as the visual features and even the materials that are taken by the foreign resources as well as the local resources. For this, the integration
Tectonics is defined as the science or art of construction, both in relation to use and artistic design. It refers not just to the activity of making the materially requisite construction that answers certain needs but rather to the activity that raises this construction as an art form. It is concerned with the modeling of material to bring the material into presence - from the physical into the meta-physical world (Maulden, 1986). Since tectonics is primarily concerned with the making of architecture in a modern world, its value is seen as being a partial strategy for an architecture rooted in time and place therefore beginning to bring poetry in construction. Tectonics, however, has the capacity to create depth-ness of context resulting in the implicit story being told by the tectonic expression.
(Bofill, 2017) Because of its use as a government building, for administrative business, the building needed to be monumental. The design was inspired by a triumphal arch, first brought about by the Romans, such as the Arch of Constantine. It acts as a gateway into Montpellier and is built from Concrete and glass (Yaari, 2008), changed in such a way as to suit its surroundings yet the core principles of a classical arch are kept allowing the viewer to make the connection between a modern-day hotel and a arch. While it acts primarily as a hotel and place of parliament, it has many underlying poetic aspects such as that of its use, of a city gate and its linear qualities ending off the Antigone district. (Yaari, 2008) The construction of the arch itself is classical.
only one difficulty with this approach is that the outcome can be personal and descriptive, rather than analytical and exploratory. the approach tends to assume that many aspects of human understanding and behavior are relatively timeless. Therefore, the approach needs to be supported by an analytical one. A third approach is proposed to see urban design as socio-spatial process, in this approach the nature of urban design can be explored and can be rooted in political, economic and cultural processes. The approach involves some agencies interacting with socio-spatial structure and urban design can only be understood in its socio-spatial context.
The integration of safe luxury residential areas and shopping centers, residences and skyscrapers is a reflection of the reproduction of the environment, built by the investments, through the exchange of urban space. Henri Lefebvre, Manuel Castells, and David Harvey, are contemporary urban theoreticians who contribute greatly to finding a solution of today's urban problems. The tools used by these three theoreticians to explain the city are shaped according to the structuralist approaches. It is observed that the three theoreticians regard the processes of capital accumulation, class struggle, and collective consumption as the main starting points to develop an urban approach. Structuralist approaches require in-depth observation and analysis.
By starting with public life and the areas in which it takes place, building design becomes a means to an end, rather than an end in itself. Gehl emphasizes that life between buildings is a dimension of architecture that deserves more careful treatment. It is where social interaction and perception, urban recreation, and the sensory experience of city life take place. Life between buildings comprises the entire spectrum of human activities in public space – the necessary, the optional and the social types of behaviors
Well-grounded, the book utilises the commonalities and differences illustrated in the comparative studies of British and American theory and practice of urban design and planning. The book envisions to educate the professionals about the common communal spaces as how important they are and how they can be efficiently designed. The author explains the importance of three dimensional principles of urban design to address planning issues to further effectively envisage place-making. The book simply focusses on improving town planning practice and implementation of ideas. Also, the idea of form-based codes is discussed intensely in the chapters of this book.
Architectural expression: Art [Kunst] Responsiveness to factual circumstances and refinement were prerequisites for achieving 'building'. However, to achieve true architecture, one still needed to elevate 'building' to 'building-art'.26 This artistic component regarded mainly the 'form' – the visible, external appearance of the building - which matured during the final stages of the design process, following the resolution and consolidation of more essential, underlying factors, such as the construction.27 Indeed, the form depended on the essence of the building because, to be true, the form should clearly express this essence – the building as it really was; being shaped out of its means and purpose.28 Through construction, the form could
A theme in the work of Caruso St John is the wall as bearer of meaning, herewith they seem to critique the 1914 Dom-ino principle of Le Corbusier, which exist of a structure of columns with horizontal slabs where a free infill of non-load-bearing walls and façade is possible. In contrast with Le Corbusier they understand the wall not only as a room divided device but as an element with significance, the wall as bearer of meaning. Here the walls surpasses his functional role as a room separating device. Caruso St John construct their buildings wall for wall, you can find this for example in their first larger building; The New Art Gallery in Walsall (picture 1). In this museum you will not find a single column, the ground floor for example consist
It is characterized by fragmentation, skin, non-rectilinear shapes which appear to distort and dislocate elements of architecture, such as structure and envelope. Deconstructivists were influenced by the ideas of the French philosopher Jacques