In the novel Outliers: The Story of Success, Malcolm Gladwell gave a well put together read that gives us much to think about when trying to define success and what factors are important in shaping whether a person becomes successful or not. Prior to reading Gladwell’s Outliers my views probably were like most that success usually comes from one’s hard work and genius and that we all have an equal chance for success, but after reading Gladwell’s theories and explanations on how many outside factors can influence success, I now have some different conclusions about intelligence and how outside factors such as socioeconomic background and the way we are raised are also important influences of who and what we become and not just simply how high ones IQ or intelligence is measured. Malcolm Gladwell’s The Outliers chapter three and four, The Trouble with Genius Part 2, explains how where we come from and how we are raised influence our success and even those with similar above average IQ’s may not have the same opportunity for success because of these factors. Even though a high IQ may set us apart as an outlier, because of our economic background we may not have the same opportunities as someone with the same IQ. Gladwell explains this by using Terman’s study in which Terman tested a random
Talent and opportunity and many times use interchangeably although they both have very different meaning. To me, talent is the innate ability to do something or learn something which a small percentile of people possess. Opportunity is a set of options which a person chooses to shape their paths. Both are similar in the way that neither can be controlled by humans (for the most part). Some people are more successful because they have more talent for a particular area of interest, but most are successful because of the opportunities they received along the way.
The left hemisphere of the brain is normally specialized in taking care of the analytical and verbal tasks, i.e. language skills, skilled movement, and analytical time sequence processing3. Consequently, “western cultures [favor] the characteristics of left-side functioning, our educational system reflects that bias and is heavily weighted against those individuals whose physiologic makeup has granted them attributes of creativity, imagination, and fantasy” (Schmitt & Clemens, 1994, p. 133). Schmitt shares his journey from being known as an idiot to proving to the world he is brilliant, highlighting on moments of success and
But each one has it’s strengths and weaknesses. For example, Beethoven’s quote is shorter and easier to remember, but at the same time, it’s doesn’t express his thoughts and opinions clear enough. While Parker’s quote is a little bit too long, it clearly states what he wants to say. I personally feel that Parker’s statement resembles me more, because I strongly believe in individuality and uniqueness. I think it’s extremely important to be creative and original, because every person has their own experiences, opinions and thoughts.
In the novel, “Talent is Overrated”, Geoff Colvin says specifically that talent has been praised too highly regarding personal success and that there are other factors that are important. Geoff Colvin particularly states, “The factor that seems to explain the most about great performance is something the researchers call ‘deliberate practice’ ” (Colvin 7). This conveys that talent has been overvalued and that the key for great performance is not actually talent, but an aspect called deliberate practice. I actually agree with Colvin’s ideas and think that talent has been attached too much importance to and that there are other influential things that are important
In the video, Philip Zimbardo indicates that the line between good and evil is movable, “Good people could be seduced across that line, and under good and some rare circumstances, bad kids could recover with help, with reform, with rehabilitation.” It makes me wonder why the number of good people getting worse is greater than the number of bad people getting better. According to Roy F. Baumeister, a psychology PhD, bad is stronger than good because bad emotions, bad parents, and bad feedback have more impact than good ones, and bad impressions and bad stereotypes are quicker to form and more resistant to disconfirmation than good ones. Then, learning something bad seems easier and faster than learning something good. For example, lying is easier
This relates back to points one and two. Botton explains that James thought that we based feelings of success or humiliation on things that we put our effort into. Botton claims that James would be upset if he met someone who knew more about psychology than him because he took pride in his knowledge of psychology. James also created a great equation for expressing this thought. James believed that self-esteem was equal to success divided by pretentions (35-36).
His definition to talent seems to have some problems. It is more like a skill than talent. Talent is natural ability, skill is learned. The purpose of “The Sweet Spot” is to make readers believe that, deep-practice is the way that our skills get improved and to illustrate us how some successful people got from this process. One of the parts of this process is the sweet spot, and its definition was given by Robert Bjork as “the optimal gap between what you know and what you're trying to do”
To this point, Mars Company seems to meet almost all the need categories, intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors. It is probably one of the reasons of why the organisation is among the world’s best places to work. However no everything is so good, there are still some slightly downsides and gaps to fulfil in regards of motivation and some others limitations in terms of the theories exposed. Maslow’s theory is also considered, especially for the bottom levels, the carrot and stick motivation approach. It is built around rewards and punishments.
By deciding that one book seems better than another, the person judging does not and should not ignore the value of the other. Looking at two wonderful pieces of literary art, To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, and The Chosen, by Chaim Potok with personal opinion, I would come to the conclusion that The Chosen exceeds To Kill a Mockingbird in many ways. The Chosen proves more preferable to me due to it having a more relatable theme, an easy-to-follow storyline, and a better sense of completion. An undeniable fact is, both books have great themes. However, my preference, The Chosen, contains a theme more relatable and important to people today.
Thus knowing that the country has a high starch based diet, we would suggest that I would have a high amylase production. From my findings we notice that the R2 value is 0.886 (shown in Figure 1) which indicates that there is a strong correlation between concentration of salivary amylase and how much light is absorbed. This suggest that due to the large amount of salivary
The ultimate goal of this theory is to bring happiness to those involved and to also prevent evil and unhappiness within the group (Bentham, 39). The same goes for an individual. Whatever option would bring that person the greatest pleasure would be the right choice and all other options would be wrong because they would be bringing them pain. Bentham states that when you consider an individual or a group then you can determine the value of the pleasure or pain felt in a situation through evaluating its intensity, duration, certainty/ uncertainty, propinquity/ remoteness, fecundity, and purity (41). This means that you can determine the amount of pleasure or pain a person will feel depending on how greatly it scores on these
In Orson Scott Card’s Ender’s game, Valentine says that, “the curse of Wiggin children is intelligence” (238). What she meant by this quote was that Ender intelligence is a curse for him. Ender has been selected in the first place itself because he is smart, intelligence and like Graff said, “that he is genius among geniuses” (34). Intellectual capabilities are by far the greatest of gifts that man possesses. People who are intelligent, who are “deep thinkers” like Ender usually find themselves outside of the “social norm.” While they are creative and think outside the box, many have trouble making friends.
Even though there may be compelling evidence that may lead a reader to think that color imagery is the best technique used by both authors to show dehumanization, a closer examination of the text reveals that there is more evidence supporting the fact that characterization of the social classes is, in fact, the best technique used. The fact that the a recurring topic within both The Grapes of Wrath and The Great Gatsby is about the characterization of the social classes.The characterization of the classes is more relevant to discuss in today’s society. Dehumanization is one of the results of the characterization of the social classes because members of one social class characterize members of the other sometimes in negative ways that causes a picture of a member in the opposite class as something less than human and easier to clash with. The Joad’s neighbor, Muley Graves, had a picture in his mind of the wealthy and he described them as a monster who could not be stopped. Color imagery is, in fact, not the best technique used by Fitzgerald and Steinbeck to show dehumanization and condemn the American