It explores the different types and causes of crime and their consequences. Societal response to crime in criminal justice I would like to begin with emphasizing more on criminal justice itself. Like I stated before, criminal justice describes the societal response to crime. On page 28 of the textbook it states criminal justice refers to more of the “policy aspects of crime” Therefore, the most known component of criminal justice is law enforcement and within law enforcement, police officers, FBI agents, border patrols and U.S martials come into the
The article’s objective is to identify why some city governments have managed to change the corruption equilibrium while others have failed. The article achieves its objectives by analysing the example of the Hong Kong city government and its success in managing corruption in the police force. This article is significant for the intended audience, city governments, and police heads if they want to understand how they can manage corruption in the police force. It has been written in a language this is easily understandable by the intended audience, and
Sociology of Law and Order Introduction The act of examining why people commit crime is very vital because it assists in knowing how crime is handled. Because of this, many theories have come up that try to explain why crime occurs and the possible remedies to the causes. When crime is committed, every society would have its own way of framing laws that can be used to punish lawbreakers. Thus, the kind of punishment given to a criminal depends on the society one is living in. what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment.
The access to information has given the media the impetus to dig out stories about corruption in Nigeria. The relevance of information is paramount in this fight by the media. The World Bank states that the media is entrusted with a crucial role in presenting an environment that will check corruption and fraud as the press is a powerful means of checking corruption in society. (PREM networks, 1997).This condition is well known in Nigeria. The advent of the new media has also opened a new vista for an all to fight corruption through citizen journalism in the common space.
Discretion is an official action taken by a police officer or any other agent of criminal justice in whereby they use their individual judgement to decide the course of action suitable for an occurring incident. In criminal justice, an officer considers the totality of circumstances before reaching on a decision to either take legal action or not against an individual. And to what extend the and kind of action will be take (Griffiths, 2013: 122), for instance; warning or arresting the individual. Furthermore, discretion is the privilege or permission granted to officers to use their own judgement to make practical decisions. However there are also attached constraints to this.
Introduction In this essay, it is argued that the media needs ethical guidelines to control the power mass media owners and practitioners have over general public. Mass media’s nature and role in society is of communication that is written, broadcasted, or spoken that reaches a large audience. Collins Dictionary defines Mass media as “the means of communication that reach large numbers of people in a short time, such as television, newspapers, magazines, and radio” It is prominent, enough to have transferred itself on to society and have created a culture for itself. Society is assaulted, for lack of a better term, with messages from a multitude of sources; cinemas, print advertisements and magazines, and more. These messages promote products
1.1 Introduction Media is the backbone of democracy. The role of media in our society is very significant. Media supply the political information to the viewers that help them to make their opinion. Media also plays the watchdog role in society to identify the problems and wrongdoing of those who have the authority. Elections are a main part of the democratic structure and highlight the basic features of formation of a government and political structuring of a specific state (Shively, 2003).
The role media plays in a democracy is that it influences the minds of the people involved in one. It plays an important part in deciding what side we stand on in any issue or problem presented in our world. The media chooses to inform us in a way that we have to be cautious in what we believe is actually true. We can take the information they give us and choose to either believe it or question its truth. Media can definitely be seen as hound dogs or watch dogs all too eager to get the information out.
In general, information does has two clear-cut characteristics which is easy to use but hard to define (Birchler & Bütler, 2006). Information is easy to use because it does not limit the users’ rights and no one can prevent someone from using the information. For example, the information we obtained to complete the project task were mostly from the same sources as the others but this does not exclude someone else from using it when it has already been used. On the other hand, information is hard to define as it refers to the objective knowledge but also can be expressed as a subjective belief (Hirshleifer & Riley, 1992). For instance, most of us using the same source of information but the way we interpret it as a knowledge and express it in our writing is non-identical.
of being an interpreter and interpreted happenings and change to better the prospects of the nation by abstaining from partisan practices. The media has also been seriously committed to its second role of being a watchdog and has guided the economic policies by criticizing failures and lauding accomplishments of the government from time to time. The media has played the common-carrier role to the hilt by providing a line of communication between the government and the people. This communication goes both ways: The people learn about what the government is doing, and the government learns from the media what the public’s requirements and expectations