Definition of culture: Culture can be defined as a set of beliefs, values, principles, outlooks, suppositions and perspectives that discerns inhabitants of one society from others. Culture sets the individuality of a particular group of people and is defined via religion, social habits, language, food, music, art, festivals etc. Types of culture: Culture can be divided into two types: external and internal cultures. External culture is
In this way, the intercultural communication emerges as the study of these encounters between different cultures, with the aim of understanding the system of signification, the values and ways of thinking of different societies. Thereby, the intercultural communication is a field that focuses on understanding the experiences, the communication mechanisms, and the cultural codes that reflect values, attitudes, cognitions and behaviours of the different cultures. With the aim of providing clues and develop a good communication system that allows understanding besides the cultural differences (Yu, 2014). In accordance with the above, humans are cultural beings builders of meanings and interpretations of what surrounds them. However, such interpretations vary among members of different cultures.
The British officers were employed in major business hubs of India and were given excellent and attractive employment opportunities with handful of bonuses from the company’s profit, land revenues and taxes. The expansion of authority over India was the core objective of British in diverse extents because of the geographical location, logistics and human resource. In the first century of East India Company rule, company had captured the trade market and the merchants who wanted to export their finished goods were required to deal with and undergo the channel of East India Company. British were not against the economic progress of India but when it comes to the conflict over their own economic interests and business domain, they used to limit the local merchants businesses for instance; they smashed the Indian textile industry. British made significant changes in Indian society including but not limited to the establishment of bureaucratic-military structure.
Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a racial, religious, or social group of people, ranging from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, and music and arts. There are many types of culture with different groups of people. Cultures also differentiate people from each other by the activities that they do and by what they is or is not normal for one culture that may be a disrespectful act for the other, so this may in some cases cause several problems between the people of different cultures. Culture is also an integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. It can also be defined as ‘the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization.’ The characteristics of culture may include, culture being learned by an individual that is through acquaintance and influence of personality and lifestyle, a thought or an action is considered a culture when it is shared and believed or practiced by a group of people, culture being cumulative as different knowledge embodied in culture are passed from one generation to another as more knowledge is added in the particular culture as
Cultural relativism asserts the fact that each culture has its own type of coherent understanding (Heintz 2009 : 5.) In other words, a culture must be judged in context of its history, origin as well as the people who follow it. There are many examples that exist in various cultures where practices can be often viewed as primitive and often
It is through culture that people are defined, and share particular value systems. “Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behaviour, acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (i.e. historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action. (1993, p. 36&37) Culture and society are closely related, society consists of people belonging to a particular culture which have a set of universal signs. Language, ideology, cultural products, institutions and organisations make up systemic parts of our culture For example art and classical music is representative of high culture it is through these cultural signifiers that individuals create meaning from their existence.
Regular conflicts in the society, occur due to cultural diversity. For instance, a particular Culture can influence the social organization of a community. Authority can in this case is the power that group members exert in decision making. That is individual resolutions made, relating to the group, normally affect the personal reactions when complex situations and circumstances confront the group. Charles Tilly had the idea that people have rational choices to make to defend their deeds (Tilly 2005: 24).
His responses were compared to mine in order to be able to come up with the conclusion that different cultural groups have different traditions, customs, and beliefs that are incorporated within themselves which can be seen in their persona by the way they communicate and think. Keywords: cultural influence, communicate, culture, relationships Cultural Influence Towards Communication Methods and Relationships
We can also learn and adapt to other cultures if we are willing to. Secondly, culture can be shared and transferred. Through learning and adapting, one culture can be affected by another. As there are both similarities and dissimilarities between cultures, people may decide whether to accept those differences or not. Lastly, culture can be interrelated to each other.
The Herald said that, foreigners come from across the continent to work and that they have great potential to contribute to the South African economy. Local businesses fear that xenophobic violence will have a negative impact on South African business companies in Africa. This article firmly states that immigrants are good for a country. (Herald Live, 2015). African immigrants in South Africa are enhancing the economy of this country and should be respected, they should be no killing or have their properties burgled.