Music is widely used in spreading the word, bargaining, communicating, interacting, sociocultural enrichment, and other informative purposes that we can associate with the kind of life we live. As time goes by, it also tries to establish a legacy of molding ourselves with diverse and massive impacts. As we dig deeper into history, we can see
It is through culture that people are defined, and share particular value systems. “Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behaviour, acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (i.e. historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action. (1993, p. 36&37) Culture and society are closely related, society consists of people belonging to a particular culture which have a set of universal signs. Language, ideology, cultural products, institutions and organisations make up systemic parts of our culture For example art and classical music is representative of high culture it is through these cultural signifiers that individuals create meaning from their existence.
Some objects might tell a story, others may not, but it can introduce a new and widened point of view, obtaining great impact and positive effects (Chimenz 2017:S3443-s3443). A variety of shared and individual meanings can be established in specific objects within social contexts and life stages of individuals (Timur Ogut, 2017:52). A culture relies on metaphor and symbolism for a social reality to be
135). It is important to stress here the difference between political theory and ideology, even if they may overlap and relate to each other. Political theory uses specialist language and is aimed to provide a toolbox to explain or model politics, whereas ideologies are constructed to generate popular appeal and are more concerned with the impact of political ideas (Smith, 2005, pp. 123, 142). Political theory has been and is still the object of profound debates – a contemporary work, for instance, is John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice, in which Rawls develops a variant of the social contract theory and criticises utilitarians for risking the happiness of the few for an increase in happiness of the many (Middleton, 2005, pp.
Culture is not static, it changes as people and practices do. To define culture the many ideas and conventions of that constitute culture must be considered. The ideas of place, ideas, and the subcultures that impact contemporary culture are important to consider. Cultural studies takes into account the many facets of culture and utilizes these to answer questions concerning it. Questions can inquire about many aspects of culture.
Cultural appropriation has been used throughout history to imply messages in both art and design. Often used in political art, satire and contempary art, this type of insinuation uses popular symbols of a culture or sub-culture (these symbols often stem from stereotypes so that they can be understood by the masses) to further layer an artwork or imply a deeper meaning by hinting towards a characteristic of said culture. The key to identifying appropriation is whether these symbols and signs are being used out of their original context. It is therefore important to understand the meaning of cultural appropriation and how it is used, to completely comprehend these works of art. This essay considers three works and how cultural appropriation was
Material Culture and Identities Material culture can also create and enhance identities. First, the link between identity, material culture and tourism will be explored. An example of how material culture creates identity is shown in the Iban of Sarawak from Malaysia. Identity is what distinguishes, unifies and separates one group of people from another. Items of material culture are powerful in identity formation.
He argues of a ‘reactionary narrative’ when it comes to social change, that is conservative in nature and opposes change. This can well be applied to changes proposed to organisations. There are three theses; the perversity thesis, which believes that any purposeful attempt to improve the organisation will only further worsen the condition sought to be changed; the futility thesis, that holds that any attempt at change is futile and will simply fail, and; the jeopardy thesis, that supposes that proposed changes jeopardises the “status-quo” and the benefits the existing system has. This chapter seeks to analyse two issues- one,
For as long as cultures have been meeting and clashing there has existed cultural exchange and a transference of cultural goods. This transfer is inevitable but when does this cultural exchange cross the threshold into cultural appropriation? While cultural appropriation has existed in many forms across time, in the modern world of globalization this phenomenon has become an issue ameliorated by the flow of information and how stretches from food and fashion to deeply cultural expression and traditions. As we move forward and aim to achieve a truly multicultural society, one must understand where lines are drawn and how to properly respect the cultural property of other groups. To begin this understanding, we would like to understand how an
2. Radical Political renegotiation through critical ruptures and one’s voice In this section we are going to focus on more radical forms of political renegotiation, beyond the reformist liberal perspective, in particular on the work of Judith Butler and Adriana Cavarero. Butler is well known for having theorised a form of resistance and political re-negotiation as subversion of the subject against the normative system of forced choice, in which, the subject itself is defined. It is important to acknowledge the Hegelian root of her subject and political theory in order to understand Butler’s thought. Such Hegelian root is especially evident in her first work, Subjects of Desire.