Essay On Culture And The Arts In The 1930s

1419 Words6 Pages
The culture and the arts are one of significant resources when studying history. They often give great hints and ideas to what the actual life was like in the periods being studied. Adding to that, they are not only a form of entertainments, but also have a strong political influence. Therefore, they are reviewed and treated carefully by historians. The USSR during the 1930s is no exception even though it was under a totalitarian regime. Even the biased culture and the arts give us further understanding and knowledge of the regime. The culture and the arts of the USSR during the 1930s can be divided in two; the early 1930s and the mid to late 1930s. The early works were highly influenced by the Cultural Revolution of 1928 to 1931 and the latter…show more content…
Stalin opposed to aggressive and competing proletarian belief developed in the Cultural Revolution and passed a decree of April 1932. Hence, Stalin eradicated all proletarian artistic and literary organizations and ordered all artists to come together in a single union. For example, the Union of Composers and the Union of Architects were formed. Instead, there was a stronger emphasis on the tsarist-educated intelligentsia, and traditional values. In contrast, any forms of art which was hopeless, negative or opposition to the state was banned and censored. Pravda was a critic newspaper by the Party and was seen as a threat by artists. To be criticized on Pravda meant the end of the artistic career and in worst cases, arrest or execution. For example, in 1936, the Party issued decrees against “formalism” in architecture and painting. Formalism is defined as anything that is not Soviet or Russian nationalism; anything borrowed from or rooted in the West; anything made for the development of the arts rather than for the workers, or “non-accessible”. Vsevelod Meyerhold, who was internationally recognized for his plays and theater was accused of this formalism and
Open Document