Hypothesis: If one-day pinto bean seedlings are soaked in a water solution, 1% NaCl solution, and 3% NaCl solution, the seedlings exposed to higher sodium concentrations will have decreased cellular respiration rates. Treatments: This experiment involved three treatments and a control. The goal of the experiment was to see how different levels of NaCl affect the rates of cellular respiration in day-old pinto bean seedlings. In this experiment the rate of cellular respiration was measured by the amount of CO2 in ppm per gram of substance produced by a given treatment group or the control over the course of ten minutes. CO2 levels were measured using a CO2 sensor.
Compared with control, addition of HP into the basal diet resulted in a decrease of Methane production (P < 0.05). These findings are consistent with prior results of different types of herbal plant supplementation to diets that showed addition of herbal plant and its component into the basal diet resulted in a decrease of Methane production (P < 0.05). Decreasing ruminal methane output could improve animal efficiency due to reduced losses of feed energy. The reduction in methane may be due to the inhibition of fiber degradation and decline in methanogenic archaea. The trace compounds in the herbal plant may inhibition of methanogenic archaea bacteria and or microbial fermentation, subsequently decreasing methanogenesis.
Plant D experienced an average growth rate of 2,78mm per day over the 9 days. Plant D increased in leaf width at a standard rate for the first 12 days of the experiment experiencing and average growth rate of 0,67mm per day over the 12 days. This increase shows a healthy condition of the plant for the first few days. Plant D’s leaf length began to decrease for the remaining 13 days of the experiment. The leaf length decreased at an average rate of 1mm per day over the 13 days.
The major production area for temperate cut flowers in Malaysia is in the Cameron Highlands, Pahang State in which rose plantation contributes to the most important temperate flower cultivation of 33.48%. The climate of the Cameron Highlands, where the mean day and night temperatures are 14°C and 22°C, respectively, is very conducive to the cultivation of Hybrid Tea roses. (Lim, Mohd. Ridzuan, and Nor Auni 1998) R. hybrida L. are grown mainly for the cut-flower market as well as for domestic and industrial landscaping purpose due to its reliable recurrent blooming habit and attractive features such as having wide colour ranges, having a refined with high-centered bud and multi-petalled flower form, generally consisting about 25 – 35 petals and also being relatively disease resistant. Besides that, rose petals
4. DISSCUSION Based on the results of this study, mycorrhizal symbiosis had significant effect on fresh shoot weight, fresh root weight, dry shoot weight, dry root weight, root length, seedling height and percent of colonization. As is clear from Figure 1 and 2 in all treatments, by increasing water stress, a fallen trend of biomass plants was observed. Using the Glomus intraradices and Glomus mosseae as exotic fungi has led to a two-fold increase in biomass. It’s very impressive, use of mycorrhizal fungi has been increased dry matter so that under drought stress at 50% and 25% FC the reduction in biomass is much less than that found in the control treatment.
2005 applied 0.1% HgCl2 for seven minutes to achieve 56.3% decontamination frequency and double treatment to gain 70% decontamination. Tiwari et al. 2012 stated that clonal micro propagation of sugarcane via tissue culture has been severely affected by both epiphytic and endophytic microbes. In this study we found that treatment of explants with HgCl2 and heat were more effective than single sterilization but the germination rate is affected. Increasing the exposure time with HgCl2 causes severe necrosis indicating phytotoxicity (Puerner and Siegel,2006; Tiwari et al., 2012).
Spray the chilli plants in their fourth leaf growth stage with spore suspension containing 3 × 105 conidia ml−1 (15 ml/pot). Spray the non inoculated plants with distilled water containing same amount of Tween 20 (0.02 %). After spraying, keep both inoculated and non inoculated plants in a moist chamber with 98−100% relative humidity for 24 hours. Seven days after inoculation, evaluation of the wilt disease severity is based on visual assessment of lesions caused R. solani on a nine grade scale according to IRRI standards (2002). Disease severity for each replication was calculated according to the equation below (Cai et al.,
Helps in Digestion The vinegar made through the fermented food which helps in digestion and helps in producing good gut bacteria. Raw Apple Cider Vinegar is advised to be taken in order to reduce the weight . Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar in Weight Loss Raw Apple Cider Vinegar contains anti-oxidant beta -carotene, which helps in removing the unwanted fat in the body. Raw Apple Cider Vinegar has many psychological mechanism which help in healthy weight loss. It is advised that 2 tsp of Raw Apple Cider Vinegar added to your diet for 3 months can bring significant weight loss, it also helps you to reduce the abdominal belly fat and helps in reducing the bad cholesterol in the body.
4. Preparation of micro-cuttings for establishment in the natural environment. Young axillary or adventitious shoots are finally separated from clusters (micro cutting) for initiation and development of roots. After separation, they are transferred individually to a medium containing rooting hormone (auxin) and continued to be maintained in the growth rooms until the roots are formed. It may also be possible to transfer the micro cuttings directly to soil or compost in humid green house for root formation.
DEFINITION: Gardening is the action of developing and rising plants as part of horticulture. In gardens, ornamental plants are usually raise for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance, useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use. Also, gardening is a type of de-stress activity that can be done through many people. Gardening ranges in scale from fruit orchards, to long boulevard plantings with one or more different types of shrubs, trees, and herbaceous plants, to residential yards including lawns and foundation plantings, it can be done neither in big or in small containers that grown inside or outside. Gardening may be very