Since Burlington, Vermont is such a beautiful and peaceful place to live, it is shocking to learn how much drug use is going on around me. Vermont has always had a history of illegal drug abuse and crime that has negatively affected people in the state and has caused a lot of chaos. Many people have tried to stop the use of drugs among Vermont citizens, but it has become such a wide spread problem that it is difficult to put an end to, and it remains an issue today. People who are supposed to be trustworthy and professional have recently been involved with the drug chain, including landlords, which has caused an increase in police involvement. In the article, “Seize Them! Testing a New Weapon in Rutland's Drug War”, Mark Davis discusses the ongoing issue …show more content…
Many people have different views on whether or not marijuana, among other drugs, should be decriminalized. One benefit of making drugs legal in Vermont, would be the ability to free inmates who have been charged with a drug-related crime. This would make the jails less populated, meaning less government spending towards these prisons and more on other important problems. Many people are concerned with making drugs legal, because these free inmates could commit more crimes once they are released. In another article by Davis called, “Vermont's Prison Chief Says It's Time to Decriminalize Drug Possession”, he brings up the issue of drug addicts needing help instead of punishment. The Vermont Department of Corrections Commissioner, Andy Pallito, says, “there aren't enough drug-treatment providers to handle the effects of such a switch” (Davis 1). Instead of locking these people up for drug addiction, Pallito is trying to solve the problem by helping these people get healthier and become better citizens. There are good and bad things related to this debate over drugs and there has not been a change in the
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During the 1970s and 1980s, the use of illegal drugs was growing; which undertook a war on drugs. As of June 2001, there were a total of 697 drug court programs, serving around 226,000 offenders and another 427 programs being planned (Office of Justice Programs, 2001). The drug court can be seen as a social movement to crack down on drugs. Although the drug court model continues to evolve, there are some key components. Some of these key components are, a non adversarial approach that emphasizes teamwork; eligible participants are defined early and promptly placed in the drug court program; and abstinence is monitored by frequent alcohol and drug testing, and so on.
According to Nixon, “In 1960, less than 200 narcotic deaths were recorded in New York City. In 1970, the figure had risen to over 1,000” (1). In his own words, he claims that drug addiction is a national and international problem. Furthermore, Nixon’s method of fixing the drug/drug abuse problems involved five main ideas, a new approach to rehabilitation, a coordinated federal response, making rehabilitation a new priority, additional enforcement needs, and international involvement.
The school’s policies and procedures in regards to illegal drug use on campus have not been updated since 1970, when there was a more relaxed perspective of drug use. In 1970, cocaine was perceived as being used by the wealthy and the users and dealers were a lot younger (Abadinsky, 2014). This school’s policies and procedures haven’t been revised since “crack” was created in 1980 (Abadinsky, 2014). A lot has changed since 1970 and with new and different drugs in existence the level of violence has increased (Abadinsky, 2014).
Overview: The purpose of the Executive Summary, The Multi-Site Adult Drug Court Evaluation: Executive Summary (Rossman, Roman, Zweig, Rempel, Lindquist, 2011), was to show how Urban Institute’s Justice Policy Center (UI-JCP), RTI International (RTI) and Center for Court Innovation (CCI) conducted research on how drug courts impact the overall crimes related to drugs. The main issue being explored is how well the drug courts are doing to help lower crime revolving around the drug epidemic. This issue is significant to criminal justice because it shows that the United States has a serious drug dilemma that started in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s that has to be combated by government and law enforcement agencies. This includes the issue you of whether or not drug courts are actually helping reduce crime.
Current Philosophies of Policing and the War on Drugs Styles and philosophies of policing have undergone substantial changes since the beginning of codified police practice and the Statute of Winchester 1285 (Schmalleger, 2015). Illegal drugs, laws regarding illegal drug use, and the way in which illegal drugs and their use are fought have evolved with the changes in policing philosophies. The changes are evident when looking at how illegal drug crimes and offenders have been treated since the “War on Drugs” was declared by President Nixon in 1971 and current times. The effectiveness of the “War on Drugs” is debatable and depends on a persons perception of effective. History of policing can be broken down into four eras: the Political Era which occurred from 1840 - 1930, the Reform Era commencing in 1930 and ending in 1970, the Community Policing Era which has run from 1970 to current day, and the Homeland Security Era from 2001 to current day.
During the late 1960 to early 1970, New York city struggling with the Drug laws, and so many pressures and negative affect around the whole city. The country filled with gloomy air and everyone looks depressed, it is a really tough time. In the 1971s, American president Richard Nixon announced that drug abuse as the number one enemy in the United states, he started a war on drugs, there was unprecedented in history and this policy still continues today. The drug war was a huge failure, bringing an unexpected and devastating effect. In the United States, nearly 90 percent of treatment-seeking patients who began using heroin in the previous decade were white, this is a big change from racial representation prior to the 1980s.
In his article, “Toward a Policy on Drugs,” Elliot Currie discusses “the magnitude and severity of our drug crisis” (para. 21), and how “no other country has anything resembling the American drug problem” (para. 21). The best way to describe America’s drug problem is that it is a hole continuously digs itself deeper. America’s drug issues were likely comparable to other country’s at one point in time, but today it can be blamed on the “street cultures” (para. 21) that continue to use and spread the use of illegal drugs. These street cultures transcend the common stereotype of drug users, such as low income communities in cities or welfare recipients, and can be found in every economic class and location. They are groups of people who have
This chain reaction of drug abuse and violence cannot end without the appropriate support that the government is failing to provide offenders. The Ice Epidemic requires a societal and governmental response, where health experts, educators, police and community leaders all have an important role to play.
Law officers, judges and courts have had to take tougher positions against the drug and those accused of possessing it. To convince the state of Texas on the importance of the solutions proposed above, I will advocate at the local and state level for implementation of policy changes to curb prescription drug abuse, such as mandatory electronic prescribing of controlled substances and improved prescription drug monitoring programs. I will also a write a proposal that clarifies the challenges that are faced by law enforcement in fighting drug-related crimes and the proposed solutions to the problems. This proposal will involve input by the community.
The previous decades saw increased the decriminalization of certain drugs, such as marijuana, as they began to be used more casually. However, the 1980s and the specifically the Reagan administration saw the “War on Drugs” start. Led by Nancy Reagan, the “Just Say No” campaign dominated the headlines as parents became concerned about their children using drugs (Goode & Ben-Yehuda, n.d.). Under new leadership, the government began to criminalize drug use to unprecedented levels.
The War on Drugs, as imposed by Richard Nixon in 1971, is called many things: an old concept; a never-ending war; a fight for humanity. With drugs all around us, in our schools, communities, and families, many people call for the fight against drugs and drug abuse. On the flip side of the coin, there is a force, equally powerful and just as determined to push back at those who want to break the grip that many believe that drugs have placed on our country. In the almost fifty years since Nixon was in office, many people wonder if the fight is worth the money, time, and pressure to continue.
Would the decriminalisation and / Legalisation of controlled substances improve or hinder the economic, health and social circumstances of drugs users, their families, communities and society? This essay will briefly outline the current policies on drugs in Ireland and will examine the policies and substance misuse from a European and international perspective; then it will discuss how decriminalisation of drugs and substances can improve or hinder the economic, health and social circumstances of drug users, their families, communities and society in general. Examples of controlled substances in Ireland include cocaine, heroin, methadone, cannabis (full list of controlled substances found in the schedule Misuse of Drugs Act 1977).
‘Public concern about drug use, although it had been building throughout the 1980s, fairly exploded late in 1985 and early in 1986 (Goode, 1994). One question to ask though was if the concern was warranted or focused on the most harmful drugs. In 1986 a Gallup poll was taken which asked which drug was the most dangerous for American society, ‘At 42%, "crack" and "other forms of cocaine" beat "alcohol abuse" by eight percentage points -- even though there are far more alcoholics than crack addicts.’ (Robison, 2002). It’s interesting to note that Hetfield himself was not a cocaine or heroin abuser.
Drug testing is also another popular installment in a community. These drug tests are done in the workplace, at school and even random roadside stops (3). Additionally, special work forces like border control, therapist, and prohibition officers are all employed by communities and taxpayer money to deal with drug abuse (2)(6). The resources deployed on these workforces are avoidable and can be reduced simply if drug abuse did not happen in the first place and it is a reason why many government systems and communities are in debt and do not have access to more important things like hospitals and new technology .
As of recent, the war on drugs has been a very often discussed topic due to many controversial issues. Some people believe the War on Drugs has been quite successful due to the amount of drugs seized and the amount of drug kingpins arrested. I believe this to be the wrong mindset when it comes to the war on drugs. The war on drugs isn’t a winnable one so we must do all that is possible to assist those who struggle with drug addiction and decriminalize small amounts of drugs. These minor changes in the way we combat drugs will create significant change and have lasting effects.