The world’s most expansive forest, the Amazon, is the site of the greatest projected loss of natural life-sustaining habitat and beauty due to deforestation which makes efforts to conserve the forest and save its defenseless inhabitants a critical priority and essential duty of our time. Deforestation affects the world in a negative way, with the most dramatic impact being the loss of habitat for millions of species. In fact, “80% of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests.” (National Geographic Deforestation 1) Animals would lose shelter, food resources, and breeding area. Without an ample number of trees, the forests would lose its canopy which would cause extreme temperature
The Brazilian Amazon covers approximately 59% of Brazil’s land and is unmatched in terms of resource supply and biodiversity. The Amazon is losing more of its forests at a higher rate than anywhere else in the world. Approximately 1.5 million hectares of forests are cut down each year for timber (Asner et al). Deforestation in Brazil was started mainly by ranchers, large farmers and logging companies. Deforestation on a large scale began in the Brazilian Amazon during the 1970s and grew as an industry steadily until the country’s recession from the late 1980s up until 1991.
‘Deforestation refers to the cutting, clearing, and removal of rainforest or related ecosystems into less bio-diverse ecosystems such as pasture, cropland, or plantations.’ -Kricher (1997) Deforestation is the permanent effect of the destruction of forests to make space and land for other uses. Deforestation is the removal of all or most of the trees in a forest or forested area. It can damage the environment by causing many consequences. Around the size of 36 football fields is being cut down in this minute. The world 's highest rates of deforestation, a significant cause of global warming, are happening in the key emerging economies of Nigeria, Indonesia and Brazil.
However, they suffer from being heavily leached, meaning that many nutrients and minerals are lost from the subsoil. As this leaching has being ongoing for millions of years, the soils are deprived of many nutrients which are required by the flora above the surface. Tropical soils tend to have an extremely thin top layer. This layer is usually composed of decay from the foliage and animal remains. The plants in the rainforest provide fallen leaves and branches to the forest floor which are consumed and broken down by soil organisms and are converted back into nutrients which are consumed by the flora.
Honduras being one of the world’s least developed countries is the highest in deforestation as well. So, what causes deforestation in Honduras, and what are the effects it has had on the country? Honduras is the leading country in deforestation due to agricultural demand and illegal logging in the last two decades. The agricultural need for flat land is the biggest
Increasing proportions of deforestation is because of industrial activities and large scale agriculture. By the beginning of the 2000’s more than three quarters of forest clearing was for cattle farming Illegal logging is a main cause of deforestation in the vicious cycle of rainforest destruction. This is when farmers remove valuable timber from areas that they have illegally occupied. This results in land grabbers building roads that lead into untouched parts of the Amazon which opens more doors into the wonders and exposes the forest to exploitation and destruction without even a second thought or an understanding of the damage being done and the consequences of these
Deforestation In Brazil A family of endangered jaguars is struggling to stay alive in the Amazon. Deforestation has taken their home, food, and clean water. This is just one example of thousands of how deforestation is harming all sorts of life, including the animals. Animals die every day as a result of deforestation, and yet people are still cutting trees. Over the last fifty years, deforestation levels have massively increased.
The Congo basin supports a large rainforest ecosystem, which contributes on a large scale to stable the world climate. But this ecosystem is endangered due to the vast wealth of resources and accompanied illegal mining activities, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Diverse case studies about Congo’s Kahuzi-Biega Park, Okapi Reserve and Virunga Park ascertain that deforestation, water pollution as well as hunting and poaching are the most common environmental impacts. Observations show that only approximately 20 % of mammals are still alive in some heritage areas. These impacts lead to a high loss of biodiversity and results in a dramatically change in rainforest ecosystem services.
65% of this deforestation has been because of cattle ranching. Nearly 40 million acres of rainforest are cut down per minute, this is showing to us that deforestation is taking away lots of animals and insects habitats and homes which is devastating. FUN FACTS - The Amazon rainforest is home to 10% of the known species in the world. - There are over 40,000 different plant species and approximately 2.5 million insect species in the Amazon rainforest. - There are approximately 3000 fruits that grow in the rainforest that are edible.
It is likely that the destroyed areas will not regenerate with the same diversity as before (World Book; Amazon Rainforest). Humans have impacted Brazil’s Amazon Rainforest through the clearing of land for cattle ranches, logging, mining, agriculture, and construction operations (Facts on File; Amazon River). 80% of the logging done in the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil is done illegally (Facts on File; Amazon Rainforest). This destroys the habitats of organisms as well as the organisms themselves, and it disrupts the way organisms live in the rainforest (Facts on File; Amazon River). Many plant species can be used to create drugs in order to treat diseases such as cancer, Rodriguez 4 AIDS, and Alzheimer’s (Blue Planet Biomes).