Essay On Dental Restoration

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Abstract
An increasing demand for esthetics has led to new innoivations and techniques in dental restorations in anterior teeth . Tooth structure may be used as an alternative to restore fractured segments, grossly carious teeth etc . The tooth fragments can be obtained from patients own tooth or from tooth bank. The restorations using these teeth are termed as biological restoration. This article discusses the different aspects of biological restorations
Introduction
Fractured tooth crowns , Primary teeth with extensive carious lesions are routinely observed in clinical practice. Tooth material loss at an early age may not only lead to establishment of neuro-muscular imbalance leading to decreased masticatory efficacy but also phonetic and esthetic problems, development of parafunctional, psychological problems.1 To restore them is thus a challenge for the clinician. Diverse treatment options are available today like , composite restorations stainless steel crowns, cheng crowns, dura crowns, strip crowns, glastech crowns, pedo jacket crowns etc. Out of the various treatment options available to rehabilitate severely destroyed tooth crowns, conservatively and biologically, several authors have suggested the use of tooth structure as a restorative material. 1,2 The term biologic restoration was introduced by Santos and Bianchi
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This technique is simple, provides excellent esthetics as well as preserves natural tooth colour compared to composite resins and stainless steel crowns, allows the preservation of sound tooth structure and has low cost .The enamel of the biologically restored tooth has physiologic wear and offers superficial smoothness and cervical adaptation compatible with those of surrounding teeth. Biological restorations not only mimic the missing part of the oral structures, but are also biofunctional .

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