AFib treatment options vary depending upon the severity of the disease and the underlying reasons or diseases that caused it to occur. Atrial fibrillation, also known as AFib, must be treated on a case-by-case basis in order to reduce the risk of other health problems or complications. Understanding AFib AFib occurs when the uppermost chambers of the heart beat irregualry and uncoordinated with the lower two chambers. AFib often causes a fast heartbeat that is irregular, chest pain, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, weakness and dizziness. AFib episodes may happen sporadically or become chronic and occur regularly.
Unlike coronary artery disease which is a result of the narrowing of the arteries, cardiomyopathy is caused by damage to the cardiac muscle (Mayo Clinic, 2014). This damage can make the heart unable to properly handle sudden demands such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, infection or water retention (Mayo Clinic, 2014). When the heart is unable to handle these sudden demands, fluid backs up into the lungs and collects in the alveolar sacs. A third cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema is heart valve
Your heart may develop differently because of anatomical problems such as problems in your lungs, abdomen, or chest that can cause them to shift differently. You may have more problems with other vital organs. There is no symptoms of Dextrocardia except when you do and x-ray or MRI of the chest that shows the position. People with isolated dextrocardia may have increased lung infections, sinus infection, or pneumonia. You may also have breathing difficulties, blue lips or skin, and fatigue.
' (Lance 1980). Conditions that are linked with spasticity and are often treated with muscle relaxants are spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and traumatic brain injury. Patients with these conditions and suffer with spasticity will most likely suffer with disabilities and pain, which may affect their functional ability and quality of life. As talked about before muscle relaxants are used to treat and reduce muscle spasms and spasticity. Muscle relaxants work by causing the muscles to relax, which reduces pain and discomfort.
Transfusions can soothe symptoms connected with low RBC checks, for example, shortness of breath and extreme weakness. These symptoms are often seen in people with anemia, a condition in which your body can 't create enough red blood cells to supply the body organs with adequate oxygen to perform a healthy metabolic process. Platelet transfusion may be essential if you have a
If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery. Other causes of a pseudoaneurysm include: • Trauma to the walls of an artery, such as from a stabbing injury or a deep cut. • Bypass artery grafting surgery, which is a type of surgery that makes blood flow to the heart better. • An infection that affects the walls of an artery. •
Buerger 's disease is are rare disease also known as thromboangiitis obliterans. This rare disease causes acute inflammation and thrombosis in the arteries and veins found on the body 's upper and lower extremities. Buerger 's disease causes clotting in the vessels; the obstruction of the vessels affects the tissues of the body by limiting the blood distribution. Due to the lack of blood, the body experiences pain and loss of tissue which leads to skin ulcerations. If the disease is extremely advanced it may also affect other vessels in the body that are not in the arms and legs (Mutukuro, Vishnu & Suresh, Kalkunte 56).
Sickle cell has a lot of different complications. These make the disease itself harder. All the complications and symptoms just depends on the person and how their body chooses to react. Hand-Foot Syndrome is one complication that occurs with sickle cell. Due to the sickling of the cells blood vessels may be blocked which causes the hands and/or feet to painfully swell.
After some time the blood begins to flow normally again and the symptoms dissipate. According to WebMD, “people call a TIA a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are those of a stroke but don 't last long”. This is a very important health concern because most often a TIA is somewhat of a warning and means that you are very likely to have a stroke in the future.
Blood will flow from the left ventricle into the right ventricle with this particular defect. The defect causes increased blood flow into the lungs and can eventually result in pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension will causes damage to the small blood vessels in lungs progressively through time. This is known as pulmonary vascular disease. As the damage progresses, pulmonary hypertension will increase and the small blood vessels become thickened and blocked affecting the flow of blood.
131). The next type of ischemic stroke, which is thrombolytic, occurs when “a blood clot forms in one of the arteries supplying the brain, causing vascular obstruction at the point of its formation” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). Blood vessels that have been damaged by atherosclerosis, which is a disease involving the walls of a blood vessel, run a higher risk of thrombosis occurring (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). The final type of of ischemic stroke is a lacunar stroke. A lacunar stroke are “small infracts, usually lying in the deep brain structures, such as the basal ganglia, thalamus, pons, internal capsule, and deep white matter” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130).
Over time passes plaques may harden consequently restricting blood flow or completely blocking the artery. The build up of plaque is directly related to an individuals life style, common risk factors include obesity, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. When the endothelium is damaged by blood flow, the cholesterol and fats in the blood get stuck forming plaques. This results in high blood pressure due the heart attempting to supply required levels of blood to the body. If the blood flow to the heart muscles is restricted or blocked it may lead to further complications such as angina, heart attack or heart failure.