Mechanism of injury When forces disrupt the congruency of the ankle mortise, the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries occurs. Syndesmotic injury can occur to any or all of the following structures: posterior tibiofibular ligament, anterior tibiofibular ligament, including its superficial and deep components (transverse ligament), interosseous membrane and interosseous ligament. (2) The distal tibiofibular ligaments injuries are often incomplete and associated with other injuries. Depending on the forces involved and mechanisms, the anterior tibiofibular ligament can become sprained or even avulsed with a small bone fragment from the fibula or tibia.
Sprengel’s deformity is a rare congenital deformity of the shoulder girdle due to failure of descent of the scapula. It causes cosmetic concern and sometime functional disability. This study describes a grade I congenital deformity of the left shoulder joint (Sprengel’s deformity) in a 14-year-old female, associated with an undescended scapula, the presence of hemi-vertebrae of C7,some degree of limited shoulder abduction and scoliosis of upper dorsal spine with convexity towards left. The diagnosis of SD should be differentiated from osteomalacia, rickets, malunited scapular fracture, cervical tuberculosis, and paralysis. As deformity was very less and patient had minimal shoulder restriction, the patient was advised for conservative management
A sprain is a term which depicts damage to ligaments when the specific provided range or limit of motion is exceeded. A ligament sprain represents many imperceptable tears in the ligament that compromises a full tear. Many people get these two injuries confused for one
When a child falls off the monkey bars and lands right on their outstretched hand, they most likely injured their wrist, or fractures the dorsal end of their distal radius bone. In fact, fractures to the distal radius bone makeup up 8 to 15 percent of bone injuries according to epidemiologists, and are about twenty percent of all fractures.² A form of distal radius fracture, is commonly known as the Colles’ fracture; which is a result of a fall of traumatic event landing on an outstretched hand bending the distal radius backwards on the wrist by swelling and deformity. Abraham Colles first described this injury in 1814 before X-Rays were available.⁵ This type of fracture identified by Colles occurs after a fall, trauma or osteoporosis. Patients
INTRODUCTION Chondroblastoma is an uncommon benign tumor accounting for less than 1% of bone tumors. It mainly involves the epiphysis or epimetaphysis of long bones.(1) Chondroblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare entity and only 13 cases have been reported in the literature reviewed. Ours is a case of calcaneal chondroblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst. Only two cases of calcaneal chondroblastoma associated with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) has been reported till date in the literature reviewed.(1)(2) CASE REPORT
Broadly the mechanism of injury can be classified into two categories- contact and noncontact type. In India both of these types of mechanisms are involved in injuries in non sporting personnel resulting from sudden stepping down from bus, train, fall from stairs etc, and in individuals who is participating in traditional, sports like kabaddi, rural wrestling, kho-kho with cricket.11 Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the major stabilizer of the knee, and its rupture is mainly associated to an indirect mechanism of trauma followed by hemarthrosis. The anterior instability may evolve to meniscal and chondral degenerative injuries. Symptoms of ACL injury may vary from just pain and Swelling to gross instability of knee joint, leading to reduced functional capacity and inability to take part in sports and productive activities. This may lead to poor quality of life, affecting the socio economic status of the
Shoulder impingements can arise as a result of the repetitive use of the shoulders or when you fall. Like the name suggests, a rotator cuff tear arises when a tendon or a rotator cuff muscle actually tears. These tears can either be a minor one or very sever, depending on the affected tissue and the thickness and depth of the tear. Just like shoulder impingements, tears are caused by the wearing down of the muscles of rotator cuffs overtime, or by acute traumas.
Shoulder Dislocation A shoulder dislocation happens when the upper arm bone (humerus) moves out of the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is the part of the shoulder where the humerus, shoulder blade, and collar bone meet. CAUSES This condition is often caused by: A fall. A hit to the shoulder.
Musculoskeletal Diseases Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption.
Over time, this swelling and inflammation can cause pain when you bend or lean on your elbow. CAUSES Elbow bursitis may be caused by: • Elbow injury (acute trauma). • Leaning on hard surfaces for long periods of time. • Infection from an injury that breaks the skin near your elbow.
One or more of the vertebraes are malformed. Ten to twenty percent of people have this type of spina bifida. This type rarely causes disabilities or symptoms. The second type of spina bifida is called Closed neural tube defects.this type has a varietal group of defects that affect the spineal cord. This type of spina bifida is shown by the malformation of fat, bone, or meninges.
Inflammation or damage to the muscular tissues hooked up to the joint can create issues throughout the movement, infected tendons mainly as a result of tendinitis or swelling of brusaes due to trochanteric bursitis may also purpose slight to severe joint ache within the hip. Osteonecrosis can also be one of the vital fashioned explanations for hip joint ache which happens when there is inadequate blood supply to any part of the skeletal structure of the joint. The other motives for hip joint discomfort are muscle pulls, and fractures either instantly of the bones worried within the joint or to the femur and stress fractures which occur as a result of over use of the joint particularly through athletes or sportspersons. Many varieties of arthritis may motive hip anguish as they are able to infect tissues and muscle tissue and also damage the brusaes to preclude smooth motion of femur in the acetabulum and of muscle groups and
Osteoarthritis is also known as a degenerative joint disease and is the most common form of arthritis. With this type of arthritis, the cushion material, or cartilage, in the joints becomes to wear down. Pain is then caused when bones rub against each other. Stiffness, pain and loss of movement could occur in the joints with this of disease . Osteoarthritis is significant because it could occur in people of all ages and there are a number of risk factors including obesity, high impact sports, joint injuries, weak muscles, genetics and the most common one is the increase in age .