Graph 1: 12th Graders Drug Use by Type in the Past Year in the US Drug addiction can be a result of genetics, mental illness, social, environmental, and stress factors. The “National Institute on Drug Abuse” has shown that individuals with a familial history of drug addiction are four times more likely to become addicted, and that 60% of addicts have a family history of addiction. Studies have indicated that people suffering from stress, anxiety or depression are more likely to use drugs and become addicted. Living with other addicts increases the odds of addition, and 45% of addicts think that their environment has influenced them to start using drugs. Addiction manifests in physical (ongoing craving) and psychological (emotional reliance) dependence on drugs.
Drug abuse can rewire brain connections, decrease synapse activity and cause addiction. The American Psychiatric Association says that addiction is a complex condition, and a brain disease that is manifested by compulsive substance use despite harmful consequence. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) found that 21.5 million American adults (aged 12 and older) battled a substance use disorder in 2014. Addiction to drugs has been a growing issue in America, and is causing jails to become overcrowded. The Bureau of Justice Statistics found that more than half of federal prisoners were incarcerated for drug crimes in 2010.
This represents that spinal stenosis accounts to be a major health issue in the United States. About 1 in 1000 of the population in the age group older to 65 years suffers from this condition. It is more prevalent in the older age group. Of these, there are about 35% patients who are asymptomatic. Lower lumbar spine is more prone to forminal stenosis as the diameter of the dorsal root ganglion is larger than that of the foramen.
Introduction: Attention getter: according to ohio.gov, over 4,000 people died of drug overdose in 2016. Relevance: drug abuse is a growing epidemic especially here in Ohio, which is ranked 2nd worst overdose rates in the united states. Credibility: multiple of my family members have been addicted to drugs and i have first hand experience of how drug abuse can affect someone's life, and how rehab affects people addicted to drugs vs how prison affects people addicted to drugs. Thesis & Preview: as a result of the growing drug epidemic in the United States, thousands die every year. There are many proposed solutions for this problem such as decriminalization, rehab, prison, and even the death penalty.
Nearly 21 billion people around the world are currently victims of sex trafficking. Sex trafficking is the third largest international crime industry (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking). It reportedly generated a profit of $32 billion every year. Studies in the American Journal of Public Health reveals that even rich, developed countries such as the United Kingdom rates of sex trafficking have increased. Women and girls represent the largest share of forced labor victims with 11.4 million sex victims.
In 1999, CDC figures show that over 20,000 Americans died of drug overdoses. Those numbers have risen steadily in almost every subsequent year. However, the death rate really began to skyrocket in 2015. Between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016, the number of annual fatalities rose by more than 10,000. The main cause of all these murders is drug trafficking.
It shows that drug use has 2 sides, which is used for good things such as medicine and bad things such as opium. However, there is a lot of drug abuse these days. National Institute on Drug Abuse (2015) indicated that in 2013, an estimated 24.6 million Americans aged 12 or older which is 9,4 percent of the population had used an illicit drug in the past month. This paper will talk about the reason why drugs should not be legalized such as increasing drug demand, lead to more addiction for the addicts, and harmful both for user and society. First of all, legalization of drugs would increase drug demand.
Ketamine has remained the most common psychotropic substance of abuse since 2001 and has been increasing in recent years. Decreases in the number of abusers taking ecstasy and cannabis were observed in 2006 and 2007. On the contrary, the significant increase in numbers taking ice and cocaine since 2004 calls for attention (Narcotics Division of the Security Bureau,
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide ( Reddy 1993; Lloyd-Jones et al. 2009). According to WHO, 23.6 million deaths each year by 2030 are caused by cardiovascular disease. In Malaysia, diseases of the circulatory system are the leading cause of death in Ministry of Health (MoH) Hospitals in 2012. 40, 000 new cases per year for 28 million people in this country while for number of CAD cases for young people which is below 45 years old is increased every year.
According to National Institute on Drug Abuse, the United States government loses about $700 billion every year due to crimes caused by people under the influence of drugs, medical costs, and addicted workers. (NIDA, n.d.). Substance abuse
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
Opioid Epidemic in the United States The opioid crisis has risen over the years here in America. The addiction to painkillers has caused many drug overdoses across America. According to the Vox," In 2015, more than 52,000 people have died from drug overdoses from linked to opioids such as Percocet, heroin, Oxycontin or even fentanyl. This problem did not become an overnight health crisis, but it has become quickly known in America. Expanding our drug treatment centers across America would provide the support to those who are addicted to drugs.
EP- Extreme Smuggling Documentary The most expensive war in the US is the war to stop illegal drugs. Survey says that 20.8 million drug users are in US. Drugs took more than 50,000 lives just last year. In 2006, one semi-submersible was confiscated in Columbia with 6.8 metric tons of cocaine, the largest quantity of cocaine with a market value of more than 180 million dollars. Smugglers have expanded 100 semi-submersibles that are 100 feet long in size and capable of carrying 10 tons of drugs.
In a span of seventeen years, from 1980 to 1997, the number of the incarcerated individuals imprisoned due to non-violent drug offenses increased from forty thousand to five hundred thousand (Drugpolicy.org, n.d.). At the start of the decade only 2% of Americans viewed drugs in America as a major issue, but after only nine years, that number grew to an astonishing 64%. The media and politicians contributed to this meteoric rise in such a short time. Television networks and news programs began to cover the negative side effects of drugs that were ignored during the two previous free living decades. Politicians viewed the “War on Drugs” as an opportunity to strengthen their name recognition since the majority of drug related legislature became front page news.