Yet, when Asians immigrate to the Unites States, within a couple of generations, the breast cancer rate among their descendants approaches the American rate.1” Although there many environmental factors that relate to breast cancer, it is hard to point out which ones are directly related and how much they affect developing breast cancer. Aging is a huge risk factor for breast cancer, in that, the older women get, the more their body changes and the risk for developing breast cancer increases. “Seventy-five percent of breast cancers occur in women older than age 50.1” Women live longer now than they did in the past, which allows time for the breast cancer to not only develop but be detected. Technology has
About 420,000 childhood cancer survivors live in the U.S., with much more around the world (St. Jude Children 's Research Hospital) this shows that cancer is one major diagnosed disease found in children under the age of 15. Cancer patients will have long-lasting chronic conditions during treatment. Plus 0.35% of children get cancer and is always being overlooked. Childhood cancer research is vastly and consistently underfunded. Childhood cancer is the leading cause of death by disease in children under the age of 15 in the U.S.One in 285 children in the U.S. will be diagnosed with cancer by the time they are 20 years old.Every year, an estimated 250,000+ new cases of cancer affect children under the age of 20 worldwide.Two-thirds of
The cervix is one of the least common sites in genitourinary tract.We report a case of Cervical Rhabdomyosarcoma who was misdiagnosed as Vaginal RMS and was started on chemotherapy. We had to do an emergency excision of the mass,when she developed excessive bleeding per vaginum. Keywords Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcomas,Cervical Rhabdomyosarcomas, Background Rhabdomyosarcomas are malignant skeletal muscle tumors and account for about 50% of soft tissue sarcomas in children. The Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group divided it into three major histologic subtypes: Embryonal(ERMS), alveolar, and undifferentiated. The most common sites include head and neck(35%),extremities, trunk, retroperitoneum.
There is melanoma, the most deadly skin cancer which also happens to be the most common. Just in melanoma there has been more than 3.5 million diagnoses every year. Melanoma is also more commonly diagnosed in girls 15-29 than of boy of that exact age. Indoor tanners have also been diagnosed with other varying types of skin issues. The risks of one receiving one of these issue is drastically increased from only one session of tanning.
Osteosarcoma is a very rare type of cancer, but is one of the top five most common cancer types in teens. There are about 1000 new patients each year diagnosed with this cancer; meaning that it is actually only 2% of the cancers found in humans each year. It is usually diagnosed during puberty and it is more common in males and African Americans. The cancer can actually be found in animals like dogs or cats alongside
200,000 people per year are hospitalized for conditions related to seasonal flu. The high incidence of both hospitalizations and deaths related to the flu are the reason that it’s so important that everyone over 6 months of age have the flu shot. There are five special populations that influenza impacts more than the regular populations. These populations are the elderly (65 or older), pregnant women, those with
The survival rate for ovarian cancer is only 20% for five years and individuals often have a poor prognosis once diagnosed (Huh Shinn et al., 2009). Ovarian cancer is an insidious disease, as individuals often misinterpret their symptoms as menopause, urinary or gastrointestinal problems (Guenther & Dimmitt, 2011). Risk factors for ovarian cancer include a family history of ovarian cancer, nulliparity and increasing age (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper, Bucher, & Camera,
The Mayo Clinic reports that in the first half of the 20th century, whooping cough was a leading cause of childhood illness and death in the U.S. (CDC, 2000). In 2010, an outbreak in California resulted in the illness of 9,477 and caused the death of ten infants (California Department of Public Health, 2010). This was the biggest outbreak of whooping cough since 1945. First documented in 1981, the epidemic we now know as HIV began to appear as a rare lung infection characterized by a weakened immune system. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) -the final stage of HIV -is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States among people age 25 to 44 (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012).
Breast cancer in Nigeria is characterized by late presentation, younger age at diagnosis, large tumours and multiple nodal involvements. The pattern of presentation differs from that in the western world where most patients are post-menopausal and present with small sized early tumors and less aggressive disease. Figure5: Mastectomy in a 48 years old Nigerian patient with Breast cancer The use of conservative surgery as part of multidisciplinary management of breast cancer is increasing throughout the world. However complete surgical removal of the breast with its local lymphatic drainage remains the preferred surgical treatment in Nigeria and most low income countries (LICs) where breast conserving surgery is infrequently practiced. The reason for this disparity include; late stage of presentation, large size of tumors at diagnosis, lack of access to treatment, poor affordability and the aggressive nature of the disease commonly seen among Nigerian women and in other low income
Indeed human rights have failed to achieve its goals in many countries around the globe due to economical and political diversities. According to Himalayan Foundation, 20,000 Nepali girls are enslaved. The recent Rohingya refugee crisis and genocide by Burma has questioned human rights defenders. WHO reports say that around 125 million girls and women were victimized of Female Genital Mutilation in 29 countries in Africa, Middle East and Asia. Surprisingly more than 2000 victims of FGM have received treatment at London Hospitals in last three years, reported by Martin Bentham in ‘London Evening Standard’, 2013.