Essay On Education Inequality In Hong Kong

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As the society has been progressing rapidly, people have started to aware the importance of education. Many believe that education is the key to one’s success in life. Functionalist sociologists also stated that education can be used as a tool to appropriately select suitable talent to fill different social positions and improve society mobility. This wonderful function of education has definitely convinced many countries to invest in their education systems. With no exception, Hong Kong government has invested enormous resources in expanding its education system. In the last few decades, there were three major stages of education expansion in Hong Kong. First, primary education has become free and compulsory for all children since 1971. Second, during the early 1900s, the number of universities in Hong Kong has increased as government decided to provide equal higher educational opportunity to the public. Third, from late 1900s to early 2000s, there was also an expansion of other tertiary education and in 2007, the government has extended free education in public sector schools from nine years to twelve years. These three stages of educational expansion in Hong Kong increase educational
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Thus, persistent inequality in educational attainment is one of the causes of consistent income inequality in Hong Kong. Table 1 and Graph 2 show that children in the richest and upper middle sector had higher chance of getting into university than children in the poorest and lower middle sector, even though there were three educational expansions in the past few decades. Such inequality can be caused by many different factors, but certainly the nature of education in Hong Kong plays an important role on it. The following sections examine nature of Hong Kong education system and explain how it serves for social reproduction more than social

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