Poverty has been a major issue. A lot of work has been done to finish poverty in Pakistan but the circumstance is practically the same. Poverty in Pakistan is of incredible worry as it is a developing nation. Despite the fact that the white collar class has enhanced their status and has grown up to 35%. Pakistan 's population is 182.1 million whereas there are 17.2% of the population is living below the poverty line.
• Growing energy demands. • Increasing industries. • Burning of garbage. • Increase in vehicular activity • Agricultural activities. Pollution Load From Mobile Combustion Sources in Karachi (2004): The most major cause of air pollution in Karachi is due to vehicular activity.
The reason apart from Influx of refugees from India is its essence to persuade people from all around the country to migrate to Karachi for better education, economic opportunities, living standard , health and safety and etc. It is certainly considered as a serious problem, due to unrestricted movement within a country, certain areas or regions grow faster, mainly due to in- migration. Consequently, their population growth rates would be higher than the national average, while other areas experience a slow growth rate due to out-migration. In a developing country like Pakistan, such migration generally takes place for economic reasons, from the rural to the urban areas, resulting in higher growth rate in the latter Urban Population trends in Karachi(Historical data) Information taken from the “Growing urbanisation: Shifting sands” DR NOMAN AHMED “Urban Slums” Arif Hasan Arif Hasan gives an in depth analysis of urbanisation on karachi and gives the historical changes in karachi’s population in his case Karachi. Year Population +/- over previous population survey +/- percentage Average annual growth rate 1941 435,887 135,108 44.90 3.70 1951 1,137,667 701,780 161.00 11.50 1961 2,044,044 906,377 79.70 6.05 1972 3,606,746 1,562,702 76.50 5.00 1981 5,437,984 1,831,238 50.8
Similarly Pakistan has exclusive rights over use of the western river. Paksitan also received one time financial compensation for the loss of water from eastern river. Construction of New Dams by India on the rivers passing Through Occupied Kashmir:- The recent years construction of new dams by India on the rivers passing through over occupied Kashmir the water shortage has become a crucial issue for Pakistan The Agriculture sector of Pakistan is facing like drought conditions and being agro based economy of Pakistan is near to collapse. Under the Indus Water treaty Pakistan was deprived to get water of three major rivers. To compensate the loss Pakistan build Dams on Indus and Jhelum Rivers but with the passage of time water resources became short population growth is another very important factor behind it.
Also, it is being very expensive to import natural gas. The good news is that the government of Pakistan has now signed a 15-year agreement with Qatar. Pakistan would import nearly 3.75 million tons of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) per year. This is a very good news for the fertilizer industry of Pakistan which was being greatly affected by the shortage of natural gas. Since one fourth of Pakistan’s GDP comes from this industry and Pakistan is primarily an agricultural economy, its fertilizer sector plays an essential role in enhancing our agricultural output, to produce numerous high-volume export goods, like; Textiles, Wheat, Sugar, etc.
Wind energy Estimated wind potential in the country is 70GW; however, the wind industry in the Philippines is presently underdeveloped and many of the best possible wind sites are located far from population centres. Despite this underdevelopment, the DOE is looking to wind power to meet increasing energy demand. It recently approved three wind
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 GENERAL In Pakistan, coal plays an important role in rejoicing the energy starving industrial sector. Here coal’s share in electricity generation and cement industry is extremely high. Local coal is not reliable and cannot produce the desired amount of heat due to low calorific value and has higher level of Sulphur as compared to the imported coal. Also, the coal extraction needs infrastructure and heavy investment along with modern coal extraction technical expertise. Therefore, Pakistan is constrained to import coal to meet up with the demand.
Pakistan, being a predominantly rural society, also relies on solid fuel for household energy for cooking and heating, mostly due to privation of better alternatives. Due to the extreme cold in the northern areas of Pakistan, houses are kept close to conserve heat. Thus due to burning of biomass and lack of ventilation, the IAP of such areas increases hundred folds. National estimates for health burden of IAP have vital importance for a developing country like Pakistan where the majority of the population use biomass fuel as the main source of energy. Unfortunately the literature available for IAP in Pakistan is inadequate and more work should be done in this regard for policy development.
In my opinion, the problem faced by the youth is unemployment. It is well known problem of Pakistan today facing. Due to unemployment, there is Social disorder: corruption, law and order, street crime etc. Thousands of B.As and M.As are idle as they cannot get even the jobs of clerks, ordinary office workers and teachers. In Pakistan, we find hundreds of thousands of unemployed laborers and farm workers in the villages.