Smallpox, or Variola major, is a deadly viral disease . The virus is shaped like brick covered in small spikes, and has been infecting humans for thousands of years. Smallpox even affected the course of the Revolutionary War. The disease had been killing many of George Washington’s men, and only when he had them protected from smallpox, could the Americans keep fighting for freedom. Smallpox has a very riveting history.
New food crops brought from the new world into the East Hemisphere dramatically increased their population, which would later provide the settlers who would colonize America (Shi, Tindall 27). However the most significant transformation deals with the transmission of infectious diseases. Native Americans had previously never been exposed to diseases such as smallpox, malaria, yellow fever. The catastrophic events following were due to that fact that over the centuries Europeans had become immune to most of these illnesses and were not affected as severely. Because illnesses were new to the Americas, the natives were not immune to the infections and widespread epidemics occurred.
Street-based adolescents in Ukraine are at significant risk of contracting HIV due to involvement in injecting drug use and unprotected sex (Busza et al., 2011). A Closer Walk illustrates that AIDS was spreading more rapidly in Ukraine as high as 15 folds in three years (Bilheimer, 2003). Adolescents have contracted AIDS by injecting heroin in their bloodstream as part of brotherhood tradition. In the movie, Ruslan represents an example of how AIDS infiltrates the society, as he will inject heroin and share the same needle with Katrina his partner (Bilheimer, 2003). Ruslan indicated that 40% of his generation (aged 15–19 years) tend to share the same needle as part of the culture.
Many people know that the Bubonic Plague also known as the Black Death started and ended in Europe from 1347 thru 1351. On the other hand, the Bubonic Plague had brought many breakdowns of feudal societies such as economic collapse and social causes. There are many reasons why the Bubonic Plague spread rapidly among others and animals and could not be easily stopped. The Bubonic plague had spread quickly on the backs of fleas on the rats, the Black death affected major cities like Florence, Italy. The Bubonic plague had ongoing diseases and the Bubonic plague brought about the decline of farms.
The Europeans, unintentionally, started an epidemic that would spread throughout the Americas and single handedly kill millions of Natives. Europeans brought diseases such as cholera, malaria, measles, mumps, smallpox, typhoid, and yellow fever to name a few. The only known disease that the Natives probably had was syphilis. Although the Europeans inadvertently shared their diseases they did share other
Before they were able to discover such vaccine to cure whooping cough, well over 250,000 cases of whooping cough per year in the U.S., with 9,000 reported deaths (Medicine Net, 1996-2015). Whooping cough is a bacterial in the upper respiratory infection that leads to violent coughing. The word whoop is originated from the inflammation and swelling of the voice box structures that vibrates when there is a rapid inflow of air during inspiration. This disease is highly infectious ( (Medicine Net, 1996-2015). Pertussis is detected in the back of the neck.
The North American Smallpox Epidemic (1775-82) A report on the nature of losses and the complex set of factors that caused the disaster, based on our understanding of the concepts of risk and vulnerability. Historical perspectives and introduction The smallpox epidemic that devastated North America from 1775-82 is one of the worst cases of disease outbreaks that the world has ever experienced. It coincided with the American Revolutionary war and hugely aggravated the effects of this contagious disease. Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by the Variola major virus, though a much milder form of the disease was also caused by the Variola minor virus. The disease spreads when healthy individuals inhale droplets of saliva from infected
In the 18th century, it had an astonishing mortality rate of 90% in the United States. Also, in the year 1966, it was estimated that 10-15 million citizens had died altogether. Smallpox was finally proclaimed eradicated in 1980. Nowadays, only government laboratories in the United States and Russia contains fragments of the virus for research purposes. However, if used as a biological warfare agent, it is a immense threat to humanity and civilization because of its case-fatality of more than 30%.
The HIV Conspiracy HIV has been in the US since 1981, it is the virus that causes AIDS. There is a conspiracy belief that HIV was a manmade virus purposely put into African American communities by the government. HIV is a very deadly virus and is currently an epidemic; numerous methods have been implemented to combat the deadly virus. However, in African American communities, these methods seem to be scarce and unproductive. White americans make up the majority of the US, however, HIV rates are still highest amongst blacks.
According to World Economic Forum cases of diphtheria, a deadly disease that affects a person’s breathing, has been reduced 100% following the introduction of the vaccine. Also according to World Economic Forum polio which is a life-threatening virus that can cause temporary or permanent paralysis, has also been wiped out in the US as a result of vaccination. Smallpox is also among the diseases that have been completely wiped out due to vaccination, and not only that measles, rubella, and mumps have been reduced by 98%. Of course though the other side always has something that completely contradicts cold hard facts, and they sure did not come up short this time. This time the other side claims that vaccine-preventable diseases had already begun to disappear before the introduction of vaccines, because of better hygiene and sanitation.