Because they also encourage mucous secretions, macrophage activity on pneumococci is decreased while bacterial adhesion to the epithelium is increased. Pneumonia is a condition that aggravates the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Cyanosis occurs as a result of the decrease in gas exchange through the inflamed alveolar membrane and subsequent decline in hemoglobin saturation. One of the most common complications of the flu is a bacterial infection.
Bronchial asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis are important disorders came under this group 2. RESTRICTIVE DISEASES Diseases which interfere with normal ventilation by restricting the expansion of thoracic cage, lungs and pleura are included in this group. Total lung capacity is decreased in this disease. The conditions like kyphoscoliosis, pleural effusion result in compression of lung and diminished expansion of thoracic
The aged people are more prone to heart diseases including men. Examples of heart diseases include; heart failure, coronary artery diseases, congenital heart diseases etc. the causes of heart diseases include heredity, excessive smoking and weight gain, lack of rest, diabetes mellitus, sedentary lifestyle etc. To a greater extent, most heart diseases are preventable and the people at risk of having this disease include; heavy smokers, fat people, people that does not exercise and those that perform stressful activities, diabetic people, familial tendency etc. The nurse plays her roles in reducing and preventing
It occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, there is a number of things that can cause this to occur’ (heart attack, 2017) Causes: • Bad cholesterol • High blood pressure ( this can damage arteries) • High intake of trans and saturated fats • Smoking • If family in the past have had history with heart attacks you may be at risk • Obesity • Stress • Illegal drug use (such as cocaine ) • Lack of physical activity • Age (men age 45+ and woman 55+ are more at risk of having a heart attack ) Symptoms: • Cold sweat • Fatigue • Tightness in the chest or arms • Struggling to breath • Dizziness Atherosclerosis Definition: This is also known as high cholesterol. It occurs when the blood flow from blood vessels become restricted, the vessels themselves become thick and stiff. Causes: • High cholesterol • High blood pressure • Inflammation from diseases such as arthritis • Obesity • Family history of high cholesterol • Lack of exercise • Unhealthy
Many people also mistakenly think that recurring episodes of leg pain could be due to ageing. This should be given immediate attention as an otherwise healthy person will not experience recurrent leg pain. Since PAD is associated with other life-threatening vascular diseases. Clogged or narrowed arteries in the leg is a red flag and a vital sign that other arteries, including those in the heart and brain, may also be blocked. Having PAD greatly increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, amputation, and
Dry eye syndrome, also called as keratoconjunctivitis, is a health issue that develops once the eyes usually do not produce enough tear lubricant to always keep their surface moist. This produces an inflammatory response in their fragile tissues and, in addition, results in discomfort just like itching, redness and also sensitivity. If it is not treated properly, it may trigger the deterioration of the cornea as well as the conjunctiva. This is most common among the older people, though it can occur from young ages if there is exposure to contaminated environments or perhaps injuries. The great news is that the signs and symptoms can be controlled naturally.
Some of these moderate signs include coughing, shortness of breath, feeling weak when exercising, wheezing or couching after exercise, being moody or grouchy, changes in lung function, and trouble sleeping. (“Asthma Symptoms.”) Noticing these signs and being aware of what you should do if faced with these signs can prevent major symptoms of asthma. Some of then most common symptoms of asthma include couching, especially at night, shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest tightness, pain, or pressure. The biggest symptom of asthma is the asthma attack. During an asthma attack all the muscles in your airways close up making it hard to breathe and could possibly be life threatening if one does not know the signs and symptoms of
Among the many types of cancers, lung cancer is one of the most common diseases that smoking can cause. Inhaling cigarette smoke that is full of cancer-cause substances like carcinogens, which includes tar, causes lung cancer. Tar is brown, syrupy substance that contains poisons according to ‘Drugs’. Those substances may change the tissue (Human body tissue is made up with groups of cells which have similar structure that are working along for the function in human body) in the lungs quickly and when cigarette smoke passes through the lungs, it leaves tar. Although, the body produces mucus to prevent the effects of tar, it can block the way of the air that goes into the body and out and lung.
This blocking is a result from spasm (contraction) of the bronchial muscles, swelling of the mucous membranes that line these muscles, and production of phlegm. This causes the narrowing of the lung airways results. Allergic bronchial asthma is the most common kind of Asthma that is caused by a specific allergic reaction. In most cases, the allergy is caused by ordinary substances, such as house dust, airborne pollens, or certain foods. Many people who suffer from asthma are allergic to aspirin.
Having a damaged immune system can open your body up do diseases or infections, but normally just the common cold. However a damaged immune system from drinking in serious cases has proven to be lethal. The immune system is affected by alcohol as it causes the blood to thicken and clot, giving less oxygen (transported through blood) to the immune system meaning it will not work as efficiently. Drinking in excess for one night can even slow down the immune system for up to 24 hours, leaving the body more vulnerable to
What are the symptoms and signs of cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis causes protean manifestations, but the most common include lung and gastrointestinal symptoms. Respiratory symptoms often involve recurrent cough that eventually becomes persistent and productive of mucus. Patients also typically have wheezing and may complain of shortness of breath. Pancreatic insufficiency is usually characterized by: • Fat malabsorption • Diarrhea • Impaired growth • Vitamin deficiencies – vitamins A, D, E, and
The risk of developing pneumonia for those with COPD is greater due to already weakened lungs and the inability to filter bacteria and viruses. If treatment for pneumonia is prolonged, it can lead to physical changes within the lungs causing the exchange of oxygen to be greatly diminished and results in respiratory failure.
Firstly, it is the alcohol, which lowers the male sex hormone synthesis. The second factor is overweight. Excess fat in the body over time can turn a man into a creature of unknown sex. The fact is that in addition to androgen and testosterone in the male body, there are some female hormones as well as female body has male hormones. If the weight of a man is above the norm by 30%, the endocrine system will stop the production of testosterone and increase estrogen and progesterone production.
As the typical client breathes in more smoke and holds it in longer than he or she would with a cigarette, a gruff makes a solid effect on one 's lungs. Additionally, from the ease that runs with sore throats and mid-section colds, it has been observed that smoking one single obtuse gives you as much introduction to tumor related chemicals as smoking an entire pack of cigarettes. The mental impacts of weed are similarly serious. A detriment is that Pot smokers have more terrible recollections and mental bent contrasted with non-smokers. Numerous youngsters and grown-ups experience melancholy, and regularly treat it with Cannabis.
Influenza A virus is one of the most life threatening viral infection that cause respiratory illness. This virus usually affecting the nose, throat, airways and lungs. It is so contagious that it is easily spread by having contact with the saliva through coughing and sneezing. Influenza A virus can cause mild to severe illness such as fever, headache, sore, sneezing and nausea which accompanied with loss appetite, decreased activity and food intake. Apart of that, this infection is able to cause bronchitis and pneumonia.