Essay On Empiricism In Modern Society

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PROBLEMATIZING THE METONYMY OF REPRESENTATION IN GOPAL GURU’S ESSAY ‘HOW EGALITARIAN ARE THE SOCIAL SCIENCES IN INDIA?’
ASSISTANT PROF. SAMBHU R.1, MR. AMAL TOMS 2
1Department of English Literature and Language, Mahatma Gandhi College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2M.Phil Research Scholar, Department of English, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

ABSTRACT
The article focuses on the political theorist Gopal Guru’s essay‘How Egalitarian Are the Social Sciences in India?’ in an attempt to demonstrate how the practice of theory and empiricism is divided on racial lines in the Indian academic scenario. It stresses the significance of bringing Dalit experience into the centre with reference to the practice of social theory by following the trajectory of Guru’s arguments. While social theory has become the prerogative of the upper classes, the so-called top of the twice-born, the marginalised sections of the society like the dalits have to content themselves with the pursuit of empiricism in social science disciplines. Guru’s essay critiques the cultural hierarchies that operate through academic institutions and analyzes why
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It focuses on question of Dalit experience and untouchability. Thematically divided into six sections, the first part of the essay discusses the problems associated with theory in the social sciences in the Indian context; the second makes inquiries into the socio-cultural context of intellectual hierarchies; the third explores how the hegemonic past which has made theory the birth right of TTB still survives in the present; the fourth examines the moral prerequisites necessary for reflectivity; the fifth presses the need for theory as an inevitability for the dalits; and the last one focuses on how freedom of mobility in social sciences can make it truly
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