It is a cystic out-pouching of the distal ureter into the urinary bladder (34,39) (IMAGE 1-3). Ureteroceles can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with clinical symptoms arising from an abnormal spectrum embryogenesis mainly associated with the abnormal development of the ureteral intravesical. They may be asymptomatic or appear with a wide range of clinical signs and symptoms, from recurrent urinary tract infection to bladder outlet obstruction and renal failure. Ureterocele usually causes obstruction of the affected renal unit and can be associated with varying degrees of dilatation of the renal pelvis and ureter, with or without the loss of kidney
It is most often asymptomatic. However, the lesions may become ulcerated or spread, becoming very painful. The oral lesions typically affect the sides of the tongue, the buccal mucosa or the gingival mucosa. In about a fourth of patients, the vulva or vagina is also involved. However, oral LP may also be accompanied by lesions in the scalp, the nails and the eyes.
Other carbuncle symptoms include fever, fatigue, and feeling of general sickness. Swelling may occur in nearby tissue and lymph, especially lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin. There are several possible treatments for a carbuncle. If the mass is close to your nose, spine, or eyes, it’s important to see a doctor. These infections could lead to more serious problems.
For the more severe cases, they recommend laser acne scar removal. Cystic acne is a severe type of acne that can disfigure. Patients who suffer from cystic acne do not just suffer physically but also feel the pain emotionally. Self-esteem is often an issue among acne sufferers – and why wouldn’t it be? It is devastating and could get aggravated with birth control pill use, occurrence of menstrual period, stress, even the use of oil-based cosmetic products.
Aside from these, endometrial hyperplasia may also be associated with uterine cancer. Symptoms of endometrial thickening include unusual changes in the length of menstrual periods, heavier menstrual blood flow, abnormal bleeding/spotting between periods, or postmenopausal bleeding. Anemia (low blood count) may also
People affecting with rosacea (facial redness and swollen bumps under the skin) are at more risk to have certain eye problems like blepharitis and chalazia. In this condition, the narrow opening through which a meibomian gland secretes its material becomes clogged from narrowing of the opening or hardening of the sebaceous liquid near
a) Inguinal hernia: Here the abdominal contents protrude through the inguinal canal (passage in the lower abdominal wall just above the inguinal ligament.It is seen on either side).This type is common in males.Initially the swelling comes only while straining and goes back while lying down. Later the large portion of intestine may come out which may not go back easily. b) Femoral hernia: This type of hernia is more in females.Here the abdominal contents pass through the femoral canal which is seen just below the junction between the thigh and lower abdominal wall(Inside the femoral triangle).The contents pass downwards and comes out through saphenous opening in the thigh and forms a swelling under the
There are different types of hernia, these includes, inguinal, umbilical, femoral, hiatus hernias, other types of hernia that can affect the abdomen are: - Incisional hernias which occurs when tissues pokes through a surgical wound in the abdomen that has not fully healed. - Epigastric hernia: these occurs when fatty tissues pokes through the abdomen between the navel and the lower part of the breastbone (sternum). - Spigelian hernias: these occurs when part of the bowel pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel. - Diaphragmatic hernias: this is when organ in the abdomen moves into the chest cavity and push through an opening in the diaphragm. This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults.
It may be tender when you touch the area. This can be a sign of a damaged, ruptured or enlarged spleen. A damaged or ruptured spleen :The spleen can become damaged or may rupture (burst) after a forceful blow to the abdomen, car accident, sporting accident or fracture to the ribs. Rupture can happen straight away or it may happen weeks after the injury. Signs of a ruptured spleen are: • pain behind your left ribs and tenderness when you touch this area • dizziness and a rapid heart rate (a sign of low blood pressure caused by blood loss) .Sometimes, if you lie down and raise your legs, the pain can be felt at the tip of your left shoulder.
Urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence is a serious problem that usually makes the patient embarrassed; it can be defined as “losing the control of bladder” because patient will pass urine without feeling or knowing, this usually happen during coughing or sneezing. Etiology: Urinary incontinence can be caused from daily habit underlying physical problem or medical conditions, these may be: • Alcohol • Caffeine • High spice or sugar food • Hear and blood pressure medication • Constipation • Urinary tract infection • Pregnancy •