Gender Equality Analysis

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Gender equality derives out of the advancement of human rights and is a fundamental aspect of democratic citizenship. It belongs to the basic civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Violation of such rights hinders societies from achieving the goals and benefits of development.

Ramu: Hi Friends..! How are you doing?
Raju: Hello, very well Ramu.
Kavya: Hi Ramu.
Ramu: Why does Kavya seem dull? What is the matter?
Raju: She was turned down by her school teacher from being the school captain for this year.
Ramu: Oh that is sad. What was the reason? Weren’t you competent enough for the responsibility, Kavya?
Kavya: They put me down because I am a girl. They said, a boy would manage it more efficiently.
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• Females are sensible, sweet, submissive and dependent.

Different roles are attributed to males and females, these come to assign different personality traits and abilities to the different individuals.
As a result, greater ability in performing gender-appropriate tasks is seen, reflecting the gender stereotypic expectations.
Gender stereotypes are fed into the minds of individuals from a very young age thus affecting the gender identity with which they identify themselves.

Females usually grow into jobs related to their role as nurturers.

The different treatment of individuals according to their gender leads to gender discrimination. Gender discrimination can also occur when attitudes and behaviours promote gender-stereotyped social roles.

Gender discrimination occurs when people are treated unfavourably because of their marital status, pregnancy or because of family responsibilities.

Raju: There is another concept called gender
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Gender equality refers to a concept where the rights, responsibilities and opportunities offered are not determined by sex.
It implies equal opportunities by focusing on the individual’s capabilities instead of their gender.


• The Equal Treatment approach:
This is based on the belief that women and men should be treated equally. In effect, this often meant women were treated the same as men. This approach thus failed to address the differences between men and women.

• The Positive Action approach:
This is an approach which recognises that while there are similarities between men and women, there are also differences.
In recognising that men and women are different in some respects, it seeks to accommodate, or make up for those differences.

• The Gender mainstreaming approach:
It turns away attention from individuals and their rights, deficiencies or disadvantages.
This approach focuses instead on those systems and structures that produce such drawbacks. It seeks to integrate equality into those systems and structures.
Example: politics, employment and education.

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