Per Aggarwal, Jamsed, Ozair, and Sharma, Prime Health Care Services Inc., paid $275,000 to settle a federal investigation for a violation of patient privacy (2015). Information Assurance in healthcare settings is imperative to comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Failure in compliance with the U.S. Health and Human Resources HIPAA rules can impact the economic health of any health care organization.
In cases when a hospital records a higher rate of HAI, it is important to inform a patient of the risk. This strategy supports the concept of patients’ autonomy and empowers them to make better health decisions. According to Sharp, Palmore, and Grady (2014), a telephone survey carried out in 2013 revealed that 93% of respondents agreed that knowing a hospital’s infection rates influences their selection of a care setting and physician. Healthcare institutions are however caught in an ethical dilemma because if they inform patients of the risk of infection, they may opt not to receive treatment and diagnosis. In the long-term, the risk of disease progression increases significantly.
I work in the medical field and know fist had on the importance of having all records electronic and accessible to all that are involved with the patients care. The benefits of electronic medical recorders is that primary care physicians are able to view and collaborate with one another on
Cases regarding the ethics of research, patient rights, and patient privacy are just a few of the areas that can cause dilemmas when it comes to ethics. In an article published the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics the dilemma of privacy in particular is discussed as it relates to the deployment of a hypothetical national database of health information for use by public health officials and epidemiologists for the good of public health. As noted “such a change could lead to vast increases in the amount of personal patient data shared with public health officials” (Goodman, 2010, p. 60). There are several ethical questions that could be raised here. Does use of a patient’s information in a database violate their privacy?
While it is known that adequate water and nutrition is needed for survival, many health professionals are currently going through the dilemma of whether it is ethical or not to provide artificial tube feeding for patients with terminal diseases. Family and Consumer Science professionals, such as dietitians, know the benefits and risks associated with artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) and have the ability to suggest the most ethical decision to this controversial issue. Recent studies have demonstrated that artificial nutrition provides higher risk of medical complications, increases pain, and false hope of health recovery. Over the years, this historical debate has changed the way the community supports or opposes ANH on terminal disease cases, (Brody et al., 2011) however the justice for each patient is different depending on their diagnosis (Best, 2010). To further demonstrate the intensity of this issue, the research of Hartshell and Williams (2010) indicates that this emotional decision is better made by the patient themselves.
The first individual right under the health care system is "rights related to receiving services provided under healthcare, health financing, or health insurance laws. An example of this right is the Patient Self Determination Act. This act is a federal law that requires health care organizations, such as hospitals and nursing homes to provide information on advance directives, must ask you whether you have an advance directive, and provide information of your rights under state law, such as the right to refuse treatment. This law ensures that a patient 's right to self-determination in health care decisions is communicated. Another individual right is "rights related to freedom of choice and freedom from government interference when making healthcare decisions".
In the article, the authors bring to light the issues of ethical, legal and social issues. Any health care professional will encounter tough situations where they will need to know the human rights over patient’s care. This article talks about the ethical, legal and social issues better than other articles found on the same topic. Though the article is not about becoming a nurse, it is part of being a genetic nurse and adapting to the ever-changing advancements in medicine. Badzek, Laurie, RN, MS, JD, Martha Turner, Ph.D., RN, and Jean F. Jenkins, Ph.D., RN.
I do believe that nurses have some ethical concerns related to nursing informatics. Even though electronic health record had made our lives easier in many ways, there are still some risks involved, such as issues with patient’s confidentiality or HIPPA. A patient’s confidentiality can be leaked in many ways, for example, a nurse who is charting on her computer and suddenly gets interrupted and leaves her screen on, which can give anyone passing by an opportunity to look into the patient’s health records. This given situation occurs a lot in the hospitals as I have witnessed it quite often myself. “The patient confidentiality issue could jeopardize a patient’s well-being and also the fundamental trust between the patient and the nurse” (Trossman,
. 3. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): HIPAA talks about the security policies/guidelines to be followed in order to protect the patient data against various security threats/breach in the organization. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) which was defined in way back in 1996 that was implemented by United States Congress and the bill was passed by president Bill Clinton in the year 1996. HIPAA was initially known as Kennedy-Kassebaum Act or it`s known as Kassebaum-Kennedy Act.
With this growing awareness, it is understandable that the government and health care organization would be on board to implement a digital system to allow patients access to their own information. The Personal Health Record is a digital program that consist of the demographic data, medical history, medications, physical and diagnostic exams of the member. The information generated by different providers can be consolidated and
Group 3 Case Study 1 Throughout the foundation of healthcare, the relationship of doctor-patient created a realm where private patient information was protected. It was outlined in the Hippocratic Oath, and then evolved into the common law tort system, which was weighed on a case-by-case basis, and prevailed for the ‘good’ of the public (Tyson, 2001, n.p.). As healthcare has progressed, especially with the changes in technology and its growth patient privacy, confidentiality and personal information has been difficult to safeguard. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), on the other hand, takes-on a regulation style approach, incorporating public policy and regulations (Kaplan, 2014, p. 36). As an organization, Kaiser Permanente and other institutions must make changes to avoid this type of event from occurring.
ARTICLE #9 Legal Concerns Regarding Medical Record Alteration: The Proof is in the Metadata From Coverys Risk Management (Timothy Malec, Manager, Claims) With the advent of new technological systems and the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Healthcare Act, electronic medical records have been widely adopted by many healthcare organizations. While there are many benefits to electronic medical records, such as better access to patient data and improved preventive health, there are also issues that arise due to the application of this technology. Particularly when it comes to medical malpractice litigation, problems emerge when healthcare providers don’t understand the implications of their actions, like accessing and changing
For example, the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is two that are significant however, not the only two policy issues that have raised national attention. A question of should the federal and state governments have control of healthcare policy or the question of the policies generally supported by both parties? Healthcare reform was mainly put in place to ban the insurers’ from discrimination against pre-existing conditions, limits on age discrimination, and the elimination of lifetime caps. The health care system in the United States consists of a network of physicians, patients, hospitals, insurers, employers, regulators, and stakeholders. With a significant change that can impact one component can reshape the entire system.
One of the well-known federal fraud and abuse statutes in the United States is the federal Anti-Kickback Statute, which greatly influences business relationships in the pharmaceutical, healthcare and medical device sectors. This statute is an Anti-Corruption law, which is designed to protect beneficiaries of the federal health care program from money influence on various referral decisions. Thus, this law helps in guarding against an increase in costs, overutilization and poor quality services. However, this law needs some modifications to become more efficient to all the U.S citizens. The lawmakers in the country should take the initiative of amending this bill so as to ensure that they adequately represent the interests of those people who
In order to deal with the issue of medical negligence in the NHS, the Government had formed a funded pool of resources and capitals to accommodate the costs of claims whish are brought against the NHS. Later in 1995, the NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) was set up to contest law suits on behalf of the Secretary of State. NHS Trust on the basis of assessments of their risk management procedures. The NHS Litigation Authority was created to deal with claims from patients who have been harmed while undergoing NHS treatment. It aims to pay justified claims promptly and fairly, and to defend unjustified claims