Essay On Ethnicity And Racial Discrimination

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Ethnic and Racial Discrimination: An Underlying Theme of Statelessness
Madhulika Bhatnagar & Aastha Saxena

I. INTRODUCTION
The International Legal definition of a stateless person is set out under Article 1 of the 1954 Convention relating to the Stateless Persons, according to which, a stateless person is a person who is not considered a national by any state under the operation of its law. Several other definitions in this regard have been coined since the time when the problem was first encountered.
A person not having a nationality under the law of any state is called statelessness, apatride, apolide or heinatlos. A stateless person has also been defined as one who is unable or unwilling to avail himself of the protection of the Government of his country of nationality or former nationality. In general, a stateless person is one who does not have the citizenship of any country.
There are two categories into which a stateless person can be classified – de jure and de fact persons. De jure persons are persons who are not nationals of any State, either because at birth or subsequently they were not given any nationality or because during their lifetime they lost their own nationality or because during their lifetime they lost their own nationality & did not acquire a new one.
Whereas, de facto persons are persons who having left
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One historical example is that of the European colonists in the Americas, who conquered territories inhibited by Native Americans, displacing the indigenous population from its ancestral lands. Another example is the case of the Palestinians, who were expelled from Israel to make room for the Jewish state in 1948. This process is considered as a type of ethnic cleansing. Usually the perpetrators want to achieve simultaneous goals i.e., to wipe the region clean of the expelled ethnic group & to decimate it in the
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