Relative poverty considers the status of each individual or household in relation to the status of other individuals, households in the community, or other social groupings, taking into account the context in which it occurs (i.e. their position within the distribution of that population). Relative poverty typically changes spatially and temporally, and measures of relative poverty are therefore not necessarily comparable between locations (due to the differing social stratification between communities) or over time. The relative approach examines poverty in the context of inequality within a society, though they should not be conflated. According to FAO (2006) it is the condition in which people lack the minimum amount of income requirements in order to maintain the average standard of living in the society in which they live.
The origins of the Poverty measure While studying the impact of minimum wage increases on poverty, it is of significant importance to understand how poverty is measured. According to the definition of poverty – “The U.S. Census Bureau determines poverty status by comparing pre-tax cash income against a threshold that is set at three times the cost of a minimum food diet in 1963, updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (CPI; see the last section of this FAQ for an explanation of the CPI), and adjusted for family size, composition, and age of householder. "Family" is defined by the official poverty measure as persons living together who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption. Thresholds do not vary geographically.”
It also refers to a set standard which is defined in terms of the society in which an individual lives and which therefore differs between countries and over time. Absolute poverty and relative poverty are both valid concepts. The concept of absolute poverty is that there are minimum standards below which no one anywhere in the world should ever fall. The concept of relative poverty is that, in a rich country, there are higher minimum standards below which no one should fall, and that these standards should rise if and as the country becomes
The term ‘Poverty’ reflects the meaning itself. Many philosophers often described it with statistical term by evaluating the population, income source, extreme to moderate levels, capital per income, family members, opportunities, employment and so on. But the exact meaning of poverty is being homelessness, discarded from schooling, foods and basic needs. Poverty is a state of life, affecting all of humanity (Meade, 2013). Although poverty is defined in several forms however, we cannot deny what exactly it means.
2. Most number of Urban Poor. 3) Proposed Parameters and Indicators 1) Basis of the analysis 1. Defining poverty Poverty is a specific ill in itself, and is unique in having a relative shortage of goods and services at their disposal. It can only be eliminated by promoting policies which targets the compact and not diffusive goal.
According to Encyclopedia Americana (1989) poverty can be viewed from two different perspectives and these two points of view are: (i) “ moneylessness” which means both an insufficiency of cash and serious inadequacy of resources of all kinds to satisfy and meet basic human needs, such as, nutrition, rest, and body maintenance; and (ii) “powerlessness” meaning those that lack the chances and choices open to them and whose lives seem to them to be governed by forces and persons outside their control. From this, it is seen that poverty has various manifestations which include among others: lack of income and productive resources enough to make sure sustainable livelihood, hunger and malnutrition, limited or lack of access to education, ill health, and other basic services, increased morbidity and mortality from illness, homelessness and inadequate, unsafe and degraded environment and social discrimination and exclusion LITERATURE REVIEW Vital to the clamour for policies and programmes that will reduce poverty is the issue of the conceptualization of poverty. Conceptually, there three dominant views that will be identified as the meaning of poverty in this paper. Aliyu, (2002) has specifically identified the first view that views poverty as a chronic deprivation of some basic human needs at the individual or household level. Put differently, poverty is a material deprivation and this can best be measured and quantified in monetary terms.
Gender and poverty There is more than one meaning of poverty throughout literature, this is because it can be measured in multiple ways. The first definition of poverty is defined as the inability to attain a minimal standard of living which is measured in terms of basic consumption needs or income required to satisfy them (The World Development Report 1990). The Joseph Rowntree Foundations’ definition of poverty is when a person’s resources (mainly material resources) are insufficient to meet their minimum needs (including social participation). Poverty has many aspects besides the material. But if that core is ignored, it becomes impossible to separate poverty from other broader conditions such as lack of wellbeing (Bunnett & Daly, 2014:6).
 Poverty may be defined as either absolute or relative.’ Never the less, it’s ironic how in the 21st century we prize ourself for being progressive when almost half of us - over 3 billion people - can’t even conjure up what life is like beyond ‘the poverty trap’ they are in. We prize ourselves, when one out of every two children is poor. Can you imagine growing up as one of the 640 million kids whom have no adequate shelter, let alone a place to call home? Or the 400 million to whom safe drinking water is simply a figment of their imagination? Or maybe the 270 million who have no means of getting health care?
Poverty: the state or condition where a person is unable to satisfy their most basic human needs such as water, shelter and food due to lack to money, there are two types of poverty: Extreme poverty and moderate poverty. Extreme poverty is when people cannot obtain adequate resourced to support the minimum level of physical health. Some reasons for poverty include: • Poor education • High levels of unemployment in a country • Low level of skills • Lack of access to services • Family history • Born into a poor environment People living below the poverty line are required to get government assistance, poverty rates have however decreased because of an increase in social grants. Types of Poverty: • Absolute Poverty o The chronic lack of basic food, water, health and housing. People living in absolute poverty tend to struggle to live and experience more child deaths from preventable diseases like malaria, cholera and water contamination.