Essay On Eyewitness Testimony

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intro Cognitive psychology is one of the very important areas in psychology. It is concerned with mental processes, such as how people think, learn, perceive and remember. In certain situations, an individual’s memory can seal someone’s faith. If a person has been present to a crime, their perception and their memory are seen as crucial to identifying the person who has committed the crime. Before DNA analysis found its way into courtrooms in 1986, eyewitness testimony was seen as the most persuasive form of evidence. Despite the fact that there have been many advances in technology of forensic science, eyewitness testimony is still the most persuasive form of evidence. People believe an eyewitness 80% of the time. We have troubles identifying an accurate (believed 68% of the time) and inaccurate testimonies (believed 70% of the time). Even though it is the most persuasive form of evidence, it is not the most accurate form of evidence. A lot research has been done based on the accuracy of eyewitness testimonies, Buckhout has done a study in which he broadcasted a mock crime on the TV newscast, 2145 people have called in to describe the crime and only 14.5% of them were accurate. Academic research has shown that less than 50% eyewitness testimonies are accurate. In 1998 Wells studied 40 cases in which people that have been sent to prison but later released because their innocence was proven by DNA and it was found that 90% of those convicts were sentenced because of a false eyewitness testimony. Rattner (1988) studied 205 wrongfully convicted defendants and found that 52% of those convictions…show more content…
This essay reviews cognitive studies that have been conducted to give us more insight on eyewitness

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