Family theories have been used throughout the history of nursing to help guide patient care and provide the best patient outcomes. Certain theories may be more applicable to the specific patient encounter; however, each theory has benefits and drawbacks to their use. The purpose of this paper is to examine two selected theories, comparing their strengths and weaknesses. I will also discuss a theoretical family in relation to one theory, and how that theory can be best integrated into the care provided by an Advanced Practice Nurse (APN). Description of Theories The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) focuses on the theory that one patient’s illness affects the entire family.
Especially, when family members need help adjusting to a new set of individuals or familiar attitudes, goals, and behaviors. Most importantly, incorporating a therapeutic system which supports a family system Minuchin’s Structural Family Therapy consisting of four steps: questions about the presenting issues occurring within the family structure, assist family members to perceive how their interactions execute through present problems, explore past problems, and emphasis on the interactions among the adults and their perspective. “The structural family therapy system focuses on the needs and changes of the family system and the solutions for a family system with a brief therapeutic approach (ten sessions) to be precise” (Helm,
The purpose of this paper is to identify and explain the nursing mission of the organization I work for, Allegheny Health Network (AHN), compare this mission to the nursing unit’s mission I work on, explain the structural organization philosophy of AHN, and discuss the pros and cons associated with them. First, the organizations mission, vision, goals, and values are recognized and explained. A description of the professional practice model and care model are provided for support. An explanation of the nursing unit I work on within the hospital is given along with the mission associated with our every day practice. These two missions are then compared to one another to identify similarities, differences, and provide an understanding of how
Intervention Techniques Client Preferences OT is a client-centered profession. It is pertinent that client’s individuality and preferences are met and addressed. During an evaluation, a therapist is able to interview a client to determine likes, dislikes, and therapy goals. At GSH, OTs try to emulate activities based on client preferences. One example where preference and individuality are often seen at this facility is with pediatric clients.
Structural Family Therapy counselors view the family as an active system, continuously evolving and regulating to a fluctuating environment (Colapinto, 2016). My family of origin changed from a country of origin starting with my maternal grandparents who adjusted in the United States and started a family subsystem and had seven children. The essential techniques in Structural Family Therapy are to evaluate the structural blueprint, boundaries, the structure of the family hierarchy, rules, and examining family relationships and behavioral patterns as they show in the session. Employing activities such as roles play out in session, allowing therapists to examine subsystems within the family structure, such as parental or sibling subsystems (Nichols, 2012). In my family of origin, my mother had six brothers and sisters, and they learned to solve sibling differences amongst themselves in the sibling
Reconstruction and change are essential for the family system to facilitate the homeostatic process, as explained by the fourth principle of the theory (Minuchin, 1985). It includes family questioning current methods, evaluating and developing potential arrangements. While earlier principles analyse the wholeness of the family system, the fifth principle explains that families can be examined in various segments such as the
This concept embraces what defines a person human. The final concept is nursing. To define it, it’s a serving service, and a technology (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). Engagements intentionally designated and executed by the nurses to support individuals below their precaution to sustain or altered disorders (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). This also includes the patient’s viewpoint of health state, the Doctor’s standpoint, and the nursing perspective (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014).
This essay discusses how the family is viewed by two different sociological perspectives- functionalism and conflict theory. Firstly, ‘family’ is defined. Secondly, the main ideas of functionalism will be discussed followed by how this theory perceives the family. The main ideas of Conflict Theory will then be examined and how conflict theorists perceive the family. The family can be defined as ‘any combination of two or more persons who are bound together by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption and who, together, accept responsibility for the care and maintenance of group members through procreation or adoption, the socialisation of children and social control of members’ (UN, cited in McDonald 2003:80).
This framework is designed to help the nurse with gathering information and identifying potential challenges of the community. After collecting the data, the nurse will be able to examine the information to create a plan based on the identified issue. Once the plan is implemented, the nurse will have an opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan by verifying if the desired health outcomes are attained (Yui, 2016). When assessing a community, the nurse can use various methods on how to collect data such as environmental scan, needs assessment, problem investigation, and resource evaluation (Yui, 2016). These four methods are used in combination to assess the Sunset community such as collecting information from various government websites, and articles which contain statistics that has quantitative and qualitative data (Yui, 2016).
The idea of family centred care was first mentioned in the Platt report of 1959, then reiterated by Casey’s Model of Nursing 1988 which referred to allowing parents to complete the ‘basic’ cares whilst the nurse supports and educates the parents. The Institute for Patient- and Family-Centred Care (IPFCC) outline the core concepts as dignity and respect, information sharing, participation and collaboration. Family centred care is about “Bringing the perspectives of patients and families directly into the planning, delivery, and evaluation of health care, and thereby improving its quality and safety.” (IPFCC,