Essay On Family Systems Theory

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According to Minuchin (1985), six basic principles outline the Family Systems theory. Each principle describes the function in which a family and its subsystems operate and the inextricable relationships within the system. The first principle of Minuchin’s (1985) theory implies that each member develops and is enveloped within the family unit, while the second principle states that there is a continuous loop in which each member feeds the behaviours of another. Thirdly, family systems have homeostatic elements which restore the family back to its equilibrium when disarrayed (Minuchin, 1985).
Reconstruction and change are essential for the family system to facilitate the homeostatic process, as explained by the fourth principle of the theory (Minuchin, 1985). It includes family questioning current methods, evaluating and developing potential arrangements. While earlier principles analyse the wholeness of the family system, the fifth principle explains that families can be examined in various segments such as the
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Within the two families, there are several complicated, but dominant subsystems such as the spousal subsystem, biological parent-child subsystem, nonbiological stepparent-stepchild subsystem, and the parental/ex-spousal subsystem (Dupis, 2010). Michelle Johnson and Naihi Henare are the biological parents of 17-year old Kae and four-year-old Tao. Though divorced, Michelle and Naihi form the parental/ex-spousal subsystem while also in the biological parent-child subsystem with their child individually. Additionally, Michelle is also in a spousal subsystem with Justin whom she married after her divorce and, thereby, creating a nonbiological stepparent-stepchild subsystem between Justin and her two children. In short, the Johnson and Henare families have a minimum of six subsystems within the larger family
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