As such, they use techniques including enactments, highlighting and modifying interactions, unbalancing, and boundary making to restructure family dynamics during the sessions. Referances Colapinto, J. (1982). Structural family therapy. Retrieved from http://www.colapinto.com/files/SFT.doc Corey, G. (2001).
The Family Systems Theory Family systems theory is a framework for understanding families and their strengths and dysfunctions. The strengths identified among family relations can be used to help solve existing problems. The same applies with problems identified. The family system theory is based on Bowen’s theory which argues that people cannot leave independent of each other’s network of relationships. People within a family are connected emotionally, which affects their overall well being and social relations and behaviour.
This theory was explained by biologist Herbert Spencer, who compared structural functionalism to the human body as a network of various systems that are intertwined in order to maintain and regulate the wellbeing of society. This theory could be applied to the Hmong culture on a midlevel of analysis because believe in a system that ensures their wellbeing. This system is evident in Fadiman’s novel when doctor describe the frustration of waiting for their Hmong patient to receive authorization for certain decisions from the proper channel of authority; such as the elder man in the family
Quoting Bowen, Satir, Minuchin, Carter and McGoldrick, Family Systems can be defined as the one which focuses on How the family system affects the individual and family functioning across the life-span of any Individual functioning shapes family functioning and family systems can create 'pathology' within the individual boundaries, roles, communication, family structure influence family functioning. Furthering the Theoretical background S. Freud, Adler, Jung, Horney, A. Freud, Kernberg, Kohut, Klein, Mahler, Bowlby where in they define Psychodynamic Theory as that involves Classical psychodynamic theory, Ego-psychology, Object-relations theory, Self-psychology which inturn defines How human inner
To understand each other’s perceptions and values the parental subsystem, Ashoke and Ashima and the children, Gogol and his sister, could state to the other parties their values through each other’s lens. For example, since the parent subsystem has lived in India most of their lives, they can state why following tradition is so important, specifically stating some of the values that they have seen the parents enforce. As far as the children’s perspectives, they can show how they feel they must assimilate to compete with their American peers and to not be judged. They may also state that they enjoy the freedom of being independent. Since there is a blend of cultures and values, this may lead to modifications of certain family rules to incorporate both values.
Nonetheless, the macro theory to be used to guide the paper is System Family Theory. The family systems theory is a theory introduced by Dr. Murray Bowen that suggests that individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, as the
(Thyer 2012) He applied ideas of individual systems, parts, and processes to understanding the entirety of an organism. Applying this to systems as a family, we can see that a family operates as a unit with interrelated systems that affect the unit either as a whole or within the individuals. Referring clients to specialists and connecting clients to resources, allows the social work to help the client navigate between each of the systems and ultimately help the client’s situation. In reference to the Jarvis family, the social worker recommended the intervention is to seek specialized help to help the children better get over their traumatic experience. Furthermore, she recognized that Mrs. Jarvis too would benefit from speaking with someone to address how it had affected her and her future
Levinson theory conceptualises the basic pattern of the life structures that humans go through in their adulthood. The pattern comprises of an orderly sequence that manifests with variations. The sequence of stages consist of alternating series of structure-building and structure-changing (Transitional) periods. During the structure building phase, one makes choices, forms structures around them, and pursues their values and goals within this structure. The transitional phase that follows, terminates the existing structure and creates the possibility for a new one.
Utilizing the systems theory allows the Beardsley’s to been seen as one entity versus individual people within the family structure (Wright & Leahey, 2013). The systems theory furthermore enables an outside perspective to view how specific health behaviors impact the family as a whole. In addition, by focusing on the family as a single unit, linear thinking is avoided (Wright & Leahey, 2013). An additional advantage of the systems theory is that attention to focused on observing the interaction among family members (Wright & Leahey, 2013) and often times assists health care providers to better understand how families stabilize and cope after a loved one experiences an illness or unforeseen crisis (Doherty, 1991), (as experienced by the Beardsley’s
He argued that there were just two basic needs for the family these are, primary socialization and personality stabilization. (Fulcher & Scott, 2011) Primary socialization during the early years of childhood was a key element within the family to develop the human personality. (Giddens, 2013) Parson’s suggested that families are “factories” which produce human personalities. (Haralambos & Holbourn, 2008, p463) Teaching children shared norms and values of society, to the point where they become a part of him or her. Parson’s stated that the nuclear family was suited to the industrial society.