Theft and handling stolen goods is the most common indictable offense for women. Female arrestees acknowledged as having drug problems are more probable than men to have received drug treatment, spend more money on drugs, report recent use of more harmful drugs and are more often referred to a drug rehabilitation unit (Trueman, 2015). Violent crimes are often committed by women as well. Violence is most common when the victim is male, since he may resist more than a woman (Pollock, 2002). Half of the women incarcerated for homicide or murder related charges are serving time for that offense and that offense was their only offense.
Violent crimes committed by women as to gender include murder, terrorism, gang participation and domestic violence. The author emphasized that other crime associated with women, is domestic terrorism. They show that in recent studies, female terrorists now display extreme viciousness and cruelty. It is noted that because some women struggle to meet their economic needs, their participation in terrorism has increased In my view and as to the issue of gender in terrorism, this is a rare predictor of criminal behavior that has been associated with women knowing the fact that women are home makers and not associated with violence. We know that in comparison, men commit more crime than women.
The controversial idea of females being sex offenders is represented by the proportion of women in jail or accused is most likely disproportionate to reality. In the United Kingdom for example, the Lucy Faithfull Foundation estimates that up to 64,000 women are sex offenders, yet fewer than 2 percent of the people on the sex offenders registry are women (Townsend & Syal, 2009). Female sex offenders are often ignored and under reported due to gender roles that portray men who were assaulted or who believe they were assaulted as weak. Additionally low female offender percentage is due to police and other professionals not treating male rape victims as a serious concern. In addition, media portrayals of sexual assault and rape create an everyday
According to research, they receive harsher treatment in arrests, pretrial proceeding and sentencing than whites charged with same offenses (Morin & Delgado, 2009). By being both vulnerable to crime and being disadvantaged in all phases of the criminal justice system, they are poorly served by current practices and policies. Matters are made worse by circumstances that arise when a large share of the Latino population is foreign born. Immigrants are less likely to commit crimes than US born individuals yet law enforcement and criminal justice practices can be harsh unnecessarily for the immigrants (Morin & Delgado,
For example, female defendants convicted of theft received longer prison sentences than male defendants convicted of theft. Women convicted of “other property offenses” – a category of crimes that includes arson, receiving stolen property and breaking and entering — received shorter prison sentences. • Black female defendants were, in some ways, treated differently than white female defendants. Black women were assigned higher bond amounts and were more likely to be sent to prison than white women. Women of both races were equally likely to be released prior to
This is in addition to the societal expenses related to delivering and maintain health care, justice-related services to people who are victimized including the costs related to the criminal justice response to the accused (Johnson and Dawson 2011). In 2009, 76% of women who experienced violence disclosed only to family, friends and their neighbours (Impact of violence against women, 2015). The consequences of violence against women in can be far-reaching in general. The experiences of violence indirectly have the chances of reminding others in the society of the potential risk of being victimized also which in return increases the fear level within the society (Johnson and Dawson 2011). In particular, children are more likely to witness spousal violence.
Inmate-on-Inmate Violence About half of all male inmates incarcerated in state correctional facilities have been convicted of violent offenses, and a large percentage of them have long criminal histories (Seiter, 2008). This sets the stage for a hostile environment. Because of boredom, sexual tensions, and feelings of powerlessness, many inmates engage in violence as a way to mentally escape the reality of prison. Thus, by engaging in proactive aggression, they can focus their attention on fighting other inmates. Consequently, the more they fight, and the more hostile the environment, they more they see themselves as victims and less as offenders.
Physical and sexual abuse, whether it is reported or not, is a problem that many prisoners face, however, transgender prisoners are key victims of this violence. Transgender inmates are 13 times more likely to be a victim of sexual assault/rape than non-transgender inmates (Brown 2014). Allen J. Beck (2014) reports an alarming result of 39.3 percent of sexual victimisation among transgender inmates in state & federal prisons, along with, 26.8 percent in local jails throughout America. For transgender women, most of them are incarcerated in male prisons based on their gender at birth. This raises significant risks of sexual assault/rape from the other male inmates as they present as a woman with feminie characteristics and demeanour.
However, unbeknownst to their male commanders, many women used the control they had over food and stolen money to prevent young boys and men from abusing girls (2). The women of Sierra Leone have long been exposed to appalling violations of their human rights, especially during the civil war. “During this extremely brutal conflict an estimated 275,000 women and girls became victims of sexual violence. Massive sexual violence was used not only to sow terror among the civilian population; it further served military
Introduction Jennifer Ebarhardt who, through her collaboration with different experts in various fields such as law, criminology, novel studies that further law enforcements and judges as well as criminology discover in her studies found out that there is racial bias in today’s policing and sentencing of criminals such that black color is stereotype as group of people who are associated with violence and therefore they mostly received death sentence especially when their victims are whites and therefore they are blacks who are arrested. These behaviors can be best explains using the following theories: General Strain Theory According to this theory, people are involved in crimes because they are not in a position to achieve their goals making them to be frustrated and has the following sources: A person aspiring to become wealth and famous but these aspirations are impossible making them to engage in vandalism or physical attacks which are antisocial forms of behaviors, a person may experience strains due to removal of highly valued stimuli such as migration to new residence will make him/her to get involved in criminal activities in efforts to revenge the loss of highly valued stimuli. Black American youths are unable to meet making them to develop frustration and delinquency. Most of these youths at adolescents age feels compelled to be in a specific environment let’s say school which may proof to be painful to them and since there little they can do to avoid