Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition caused by excessive alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy. Various birth defects may be present, including central nervous system dysfunctions and malformations of the skull and face. Fetal alcohol syndrome was first described in France in the late 1960’s, and the United States described it a few years later (Christensen, p1). The condition was extremely difficult to recognize because not every mother who drank excessively bore a child with any abnormalities or symptoms (Christensen, p1).
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a syndrome diagnosed primarily at birth, has treatments and is easily prevented. There are varying definitions of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome from many medical sites. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) as, “A highly variable group of birth defects including, mental retardation deficient growth, and malformation of the skull and and face that tend to occur in the offspring of women who consume large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy.” The Mayo Clinic’s definition is, “Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems.
Consumptions of large amount of alcohol during pregnancy can lead to a Fetal alcohol syndrome or (FAS). Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most common known non-genetic (non-inherited) cause of mental retardation in the United States which is estimated three out of a thousand babies. Defects can be small heads and brain, facial abnormalities, and defects of other organs. When mother drinks alcohol while pregnant the alcohol goes through the fetus body which can cause the alcohol to remain in the baby’s body even longer. When mother is an alcoholic or drinks alcohol three to four times a day the baby that she is carrying can also be addicted to alcohol.
Case Study Robbie J., a 19-year-old white male and first-year college student, suffered a significant brain injury 6 months ago as a result of a car accident. Robbie had been partying at a friend's house and left about 1:00 a. m. Driving home, he missed a curve in the road and rolled his car. Robbie's parents knew that their son drank "occasionally," but they never thought he had a "problem. " They had purchased a car for him and warned him of the dangers of drinking and driving.
There has been an astounding increase in the use of illegal drugs during pregnancy, therefore increasing the number of babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Just a few short years ago, the babies who suffered through Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome were treated with drug therapy with medications such as Methadone, Morphine, or Clonidine in the neonatal intensive care unit. However, the prevalence of drug use in pregnancy and in turn neonatal abstinence syndrome has caused the newborn nursery to turn into a drug rehabilitation center for these babies. Several issues arise with the obstetrical healthcare team when taking care of these patients, such as a negative personal bias resulting from the negative stigma of drug use especially during
The exposure can start in the womb as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, small eye opening, retardation, or issues in their central nervous tissues, which is a brain defect that occurs if they survive birth. Being raised in a home where substances abused is more traumatic; these children develop ADHD, signs of depression and behavioral problems, attachment disorders, doubt and feeling imperfect can manifest from a very young
This amount of time is shown to be most effective in addressing the needs of children. This Intervention may be provided by ABA therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, play groups and parents. Intervention should be implemented throughout the day in all settings and with individuals who the child interacts with. The goals are created with the child’s engagement, independence, communication, cognitive skill development, social competence, play skill development, generalization of skills, and approaches to problem behavior. The goals will also be based on the child’s age, developmental level, specific strengths and weaknesses, and the needs or priorities of their family.
Stop Drinking with these easy steps By David Peters Jul 26, 2008 Know When To Stop: If you decide to drink alcohol, you need to be responsible enough to know when you need to stop drinking. If you want to test your limits, make sure you do it at home with someone you trust so you can get an idea of when you should stop before you become out of control and unaware. Many people find that drinking any more than one drink in an hour can cause problems. Drink Slowly: If you are going to drink responsibly you need to be sure that you drink slowly. People get drunk quickly when they gulp down drinks and do not realize how much they are consuming.
The brain cells in the brain of a heavy drinker happens to not work as correctly as a kid that does not drink. Alcohol slows down the cerebral cortex and the way it works to get information from a person’s senses. Underage drinking also messes with the Frontal Lobes their important for planning, forming ideas, and making decisions. If alcohol was to damage part of the brain where the Hippocampus is located it could be very hard for the person to learn new
Karta is a 12 year old African American girl, who has experienced a long history of trauma. She was referred to me by her school social worker Ms. Johnson who reports that she has academic problems, severe inattention, hyperactivity, physical violent tantrums and is disrespectful to her peers and teachers. Karta was raised in a single parent household during the first few years of her life. Karta’s father died in a car accident before she was born so she never got a chance to meet him. Karta’s mother Michelle became depressed and turned to alcohol to cope with her pain.
Emotionally stressing d. Bodily harm shut down liver 3. Teens prevent drinking and driving a. Talking with parents b. Seeing guidance or resource counselor c. Joining alcohol programs Drinking and Driving While Intoxicated: What the Research Shows about Teenage Drunk Driving About one third of the minors in the US that are between 15-24 years
A child’s mother who has used alcohol and drugs while they were pregnant, sometimes the child might need special medical care all their lives and some might not be able to live on their own when they grow up. Within our society many people eventually get/have access to drugs and alcohol,
ALCOHOLISM How many times have you heard about the consequences of alcoholism? Have you taken them into account? Alcoholism is one of the major problems in society. People don’t take it so seriously but it actually is a disease. The effects of this disease are really serious.
Teens and drinking have been an issue for some time and it continues to persist, attracting many young individuals. Whether it’s the pleasure or the ability to forget problems drinking as a teen has become a problem in society with many alcohol related issues. However, that sensation of being able to forget problems soon enters a cycle of many other issues such as consequences to the physical development and to the body itself, which is not able to handle the alcohol properly. In addition, soon the early admission of the depressant becomes and an addictive factor which can lead to alcoholism since the body constantly craves the substance. Teens and drinking has continued to progress over the years and the depressant has consumed many lives.