December 8th, 1941, one day after the horrific events of Pearl Harbor, the United States officially declared war on its foes in Eastern Asia, the Japanese. After strategically taking out many American battleships, including the USS Arizona, (the last of "super-dreadnoughts" from Pennsylvania), Japan had set off a series of chain reactions, unfortunately ending with the sanctioned bombing of their homeland (Document A). The struggle for victory lasted four years before the devastating, yet just action, occurred. America took countless strides to suppress Japan and stop their malevolent attacks on US soil, including the Ellwood Oil Field in 1942 and the Bombing of Fort Stevens and the Lookout Air Raids in 1942. To stop the Japanese from causing
While he was there, he discovered the "plunging boat," or submarine, and was very fascinated. Robert began designing a submarine based on the ideas of the American inventor David Bushnell. He went to the French Government and told them that his submarine could be used to plant powder mines on the bottom of British warships. Robert persuaded the French, and the finally agreed to fund the project of creating these boats.In 1800, Fulton launched the first submarine, the Nautilus, at Rouen. The submarine was 24 1/2 feet long and oval-shaped.
Canadians also played a big part in taking Ypres. This was the first ever battle where gas was introduced. It was brought by the Germans and swept the French trenches (Christie, 9). The French retreated and the Canadians had to hold down the trenches. Germans attacked when the gas cleared and the position was held by The Royal Highlanders from Montréal.
In my opinion I think that Woodrow Wilson did the most to define American foreign policy in the twentieth century. In the 20th century the United States were involved in two world wars and along with its allies defeated its enemies and also increasing its international reputation. President Woodrow Wilson made the Fourteen Points which were developed from his idealistic Wilsonianism program of spreading democracy and fighting militarism so as to end wars. The Fourteen Points were the basis of the German Armistice and the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The USA never joined the League of Nations, which was established from Wilson Fourteen points.
In “What’s Eating America,” Micheal Pollan criticizes America’s dependence on fossil fuel and fixed nitrogen instead of organic farming. In 1947, a munition plant used explosives to make chemical fertilizers. After WWII, the surplus of ammonium nitrate are converted into agricultural purposes. Although the earth’s atmosphere consists of 80% nitrogen, almost all the atoms are useless. In 1909, Fritz Haber discovered a way to fix nitrogen molecules by using electrical lightning.
In documents E and F they talk about militarism. The cartoon “Freiheit Der Meere” was made in the language of Germany and was made is the year of 1917. “Freiheit Der Meere” means freedom of the seas, and “England Der Blutsauger Der Welt” means England, the blood sucker of the world. The cartoon meas that Britain colonizes everything. The total of Britain colonies in 1913 is 12,740,000 miles square.
World War 2 started on 3 September 1939. Although there were many cause for the war, like the failure of the Treaty of Versailles, threat of communism, and appeasement. Hitler and the Nazi party were the main cause, they were linked with all other causes, making them stand out as the ‘main cause’. Everything that had happened after World War 1; the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, Communism and Fascism, all helped Hitler gain trust from the Germans, as he said he would ‘make Germany great again’. Starting another world war within 20 years of the ‘war that was meant to end all wars’.
Was America Justified in dropping the atom bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945? On August 6th, 1945 at 8:16 AM, a great yet horrific event in history occurred. This event is known as the dropping of the atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan, the event that would begin and end the pain and suffering of millions. The atom bomb was dropped by an American B-29 Superfortress bomber named Enola Gay and the bomb’s code name was “Little Boy”. Three days later, on August 9th, 1945, America dropped another bomb on Nagasaki with the code name “Fat Man”.
It is known that the Nazi U 977 and the 530 submarines went aground in Argentina after carrying supplies to the Antarctic a few weeks after the end of the war. They also allegedly supplied ships operating out of neutral Spain carrying hundreds of Germans to Antarctica and South America. The Byrd Expedition from 1928-1930 was the first Antarctica expedition since 1840. Nazi ships were reported headed South at the end of the war and the Secretary of State, Secretary of War, and the Secretary of the Navy on August 7, 1946 approved Operation Highjump. The memorandum prepared for the meeting stated that “Navy proposed to send an expedition to the Antarctic early in 1947.
In 1871, no military alliance between European countries had been made. The first alliances, were the 1879 Double Alliance and the Triple Alliance (Triple Alliance) in 1882. However, the German support for the Austro-Hungarian empire in the Balkan crisis led to the signing in 1894 of a Franco-Russian military alliance, in the possible event of a war with a State signatory of the Triple Alliance, was to lead to military cooperation between France and Russia. The purpose of this alliance was also to oppose the German ambitions. These alliances have led to the development of military plans in 1905, General von Schlieffen proposed a plan that involved a quick attack on France to later send all troops to the Russian front.
June 6th 1944, probably the most important day in history. Not only for the United States but also for all of Europe. D-day started the fall of Nazi Germany who took over pretty much all of Europe during the time of Adolf Hitler. The United States got involved in WW2 because of another event called Pearl Harbor. this is when Japan decided to bomb a naval base in Hawaii which killed a lot of U.S. soldiers and destroyed a lot of our ships.
New artillery tactics allowed the gunners to first target, then destroy enemy positions. A nearly limitless supply of artillery shells and the new 106 fuse, which allowed shells to explode on contact, as opposed to burying themselves in ground, facilitated the destruction of hardened defences and barbed wire. The Canadian infantry would be well supported when it went into battle with over 1,000 artillery pieces laying down withering, supportive
On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. It completely destroyed the American battleship U.S.S. The Battle of the Atlantic is one of the most overlooked battlegrounds of World War II but it proved no less important for control of the vital shipping lanes between North America and Europe. The German U-boat scourge was one of the more deadlier components of the German war machine, a component utilized in World War II as well.
• Within the next hours, the Germany Army began its western offensive by invading Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands • It was 2 days after that the German military entered France while Britain stood by itself against the onslaught • Churchill then quickly formed a coalition cabinet of leaders from the Labor, Liberal and conservative parties • It was on June 18th, 1940, that Winston made one of his iconic speeches to the House of Commons, the speech was a warning that “the battle of Britain” was about to begin • Winston kept resistance to Nazi dominance alive and created the foundation for an alliance with the Soviet Union and the U.S. • Previously Winston had cultivated a relationship with U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s, and in March of 1941, he was able to secure vital U.S. aid
Because of the war-time production boom of the 1940s, many scientific achievements and milestones were reached. Such advancements gave Americans a new range of convenient devices as well as new worries. During World War II, the U.S. monopolized nuclear weapons until 1949 when the U.S.S.R. developed their own devastating atomic weapons. As Nobel Prize- winning chemist Harold C. Urey put it, “There is only one thing worse than one nation having the atomic bomb; That’s two nations having it (Kagan 78).” To compete with Russia in the field of nuclear weapons, the U.S. created and detonated several atomic bombs in the Pacific Ocean. Operation