Food insecurity has gained so much ground in recent times because of the global population growth. Factors such as; rising prices, drought and other climate disasters, arable land shortages, and increasing demand threatens the availability of food. The world’s population projected to reach 9.6 billion in 2050. Africa’s population is projected to increase by 1.3 billion people by the middle of this century despite the ravages of hunger, disease, and civil conflict. Therefore in other to keep up with the rising demand of the growing population (not to improve the current situation), food production must increase by 70 percent by 2050 according to FAO.
The continuing prevalence of feeding problem will not stop unless they do not take the necessary measures to resolve this problem quickly. At least 1billion people in the world are undernourished (have low food security), hungry, and living without adequate daily calories. The most people category severely affected by food crisis are those who already living in poverty. The largest number of undernourished people lives in Asia and the Pacific Islands, followed by Sub-Saharan Africa. Food security issue has many reasons such as population explosion, climate change, agriculture problems and lack of awareness of the problem.
It’s the simple diet or elaborates indicating a possible difference in cultural values for shows of wealth or materialism. Firstly, Japan is a typical example of materialism. Japan is a country surrounds by the ocean so that would be an advantage to increase fisheries. Fish is the common food in Japan’s traditional cuisine. There are one hundred of different fishes in Japan like tuna, salmon, and so on.
Fish is high in omega-3 fatty acids, but all seafood do not contain same amount of omega-3 fatty acids. According to Keri Szejda in her article entitled “Eat more seafood for your health, right? Actually, it’s not that simple.” In Washington Post, in the U.S., three-fourth of seafood consumption are shrimp, salmon, canned tuna, tilapia and Alaskan Pollock. In fact, shrimp, tilapia and Alaskan Pollock are low in omega-3 fatty acids. The amount of omega-3 fatty acids varies depending on the type of salmon, for example, the species, farmed or wild caught.
China published its 1st Food Nutritional Label Regulation in 2008 after considering the importance of the nutritional information on food label (MOH, 2008). Nutritional information labeling scheme (NILS) has given a freedom of choice and to reduce the cost of information related to the healthy food consumption (Capacci et al, 2012). Food processing firms have put extra ordinary efforts about the food labeling. Since, the scientific language for the nutritional food labeling creates gap between consumer and food choice, therefore, easy to understand language is preferable language for the nutritional food
Fast food has affected peoples diet, natural landscape, the economy, the workforce, and popular culture. The effects it has is not only subjected to those who eat it but it affects the nation as a whole. The fast-food industry has been developed through various changes in society. The world renown McDonald 's has become one of the most powerful establishments and symbols of America 's service economy. McDonalds 's makes up 90% of the country’s new jobs.
Food security is one of the greatest problems faced the world. There is fact said that food is enough for everyone in the world but because of the great changes which happened rapidly in the world the rate of food become less than before and it is difficult to secure it. Food security is very important to ensure that everyone has enough to eat and families can build their communities without worrying about securing their live. To meet global needs, food production must be doubled in the next years in order to solve many issues such as: starvation, malnutrition and associated health. According to The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain
and Woon, K. both stated that technologies are needed to boost up the food waste-recycling rate in Hong Kong. After they have studies relevant case studies and technologies in several countries, they both proposed different solutions. Based on the market demand, technologies availability, regulating obstacles, etc. Cheung, J. proposed to use black soldier fly bioconversion to turn food waste into fish feed, which fish feed is a common trade commodity and there has a huge market demand in Mainland China. Turning food waste into fish feed can tackle the food waste problem in Hong Kong and also can generate economic income by selling those fish feed to China.
Much of the fishmeal used for tilapia in the Philippines is imported, and costs are expected to rise in the future as global supplies become constrained by increasing demands from other aquaculture and declines in commercial bait fisheries. Because tilapia are omnivorous fish, they do not require fish in their diet and capable of using other food by-products (Brown 1983). Unlike carnivorous fishes, tilapia can digest high levels of carbohydrate in their diet (Anderson et al. 1984; National Research Council 1993), and they can effectively utilize human food
Take the case of local fishermen. Fishermen in the Philippines have been coming home with lesser and lesser catches each year. This is mainly due to overfishing, caused by weak fisheries management, ineffective policies, and enforcement of fishery laws. As has been noted by the Asian Development Bank, a drop of 90 percent has been observed in the quantity of marine organisms that can be caught in some areas of the Philippines. This does not impact just the environment, but the economy as well.