Morton thought that in a Morton’s foot condition, the first metatarsal was hypermobile, meaning there is an excessive movement of the big toe. He didn’t realize that in a Morton’s toe the metatarsal of the big toe is also elevated, so that when a person tries to walk with the legs and feet properly aligned, they are not properly weight bearing. The second toe being the longest is subjected to an increased stress and pressure on the proximal metatarsal and phalangeal joint. The implications are: in a person with Morton’s toe, he or she may develop calluses at the base of the second toe and associated pain on the ball of the foot. Tight fitting shoes can also worsen the condition because standerd fit shoes do not have enough space for the prodtruding second toe.
The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or painful cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles that occur after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of
Firstly, the loss of lower-limb functions, can be the result of many conditions; the most common being spinal-cord injury. Secondly, unstable posture can be caused by brain trauma and cerebral palsy. Lastly, general physical problems affecting the lower limbs, such as broken legs, obesity, and knee and hip joint problems that have caused arthritis. Each condition
The central cord syndrome occurs due to a spinal cord injury. When the person is affected loss of sense and motions of hands and legs is a common symptom. The central cord syndrome occurs due to the damage in the gray matter area of the spinal cord. In spinal stenosis is rare disorder which shows a narrowing of spinal cord in the foramen. It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia.
70% of CP cases have spastic cerebral palsy which is the most common type and is caused by damage to the brain’s motor cortex. Spastic cerebral palsy can affect either one side of the body, commonly known as spastic hemiplegia, or both sides of the body. Spastic diplegia causes stiffness mostly in the legs, the arms may be affected, but not as severely. (Spastic Cerebral Palsy.., n.d, p.1) Both of these types involves stiff movements that are exaggerated, caused by increased muscle tone. It causes difficulty preforming tasks such as getting dressed, walking and handling objects.
When the tendon is overused chronically without given adequate time to heal, tendinosis known as Jumper’s Knee can occur in response to the damage. Conventionally, jumper’s knee can be noted as a patellofemoral pain syndrome. The teno-osseous junctions, where the attachments of the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon occur, are the impacted areas under this condition. The described patellar pain affects the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon inserted either into the tibial tuberosity or the patella (Curwin and Stanish, 1984). Thus, by definition, histologically, jumper’s knee
Here are the common causes why people develop extra bone over bone. 1. What Causes Bone Spurs? • Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a degenerative bone condition that affects various joints of the body, including the spine. It is a common cause of low back pain, especially in older patients, that causes stiffness and pain.
They join together at the circle of willis at the base of the brain. Smaller arteries leave the circle and branch out to supply brain cells with oxygen and nutrients.Artery junction points may become weak causing a ballooning of the blood vessel wall to potentially form a small sac or aneurysm.Cerebral aneurysms are common but most are asymptomatic and are found incidentally at autopsy. Causes of Brain Aneurysm: Aneurysms have a variety of causes including high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, trauma, heredity and abnormal blood flow at the junction where arteries come together.There are other rare causes of aneurysms. Mycotic aneurysms are caused by infections of the artery wall. Tumors and trauma can also cause aneurysms to form.
When the levels high the patient is said to be polycythemia. If a patient’s hematocrit levels are low they are said to be anemic. High plasma levels indicate hypervolemia, while low plasma levels indicate hypovolemia. When the buffy coat has increased it may be a sign of infection. In the findings they do not show a diagnosis.