Forensic dentistry or forensic dentistry is the application of criminal and civil juristic knowledge to the criminal justice system. Forensic dentistry comes from Latin, meaning a forum or a discussion of legal issues. Forensic dentists are involved in supporting the investigators in identifying the remains of human beings that have been discovered, as well as confirming a complete or fragmented body. Forensic odonatologists may also be asked to help determine the age, race, occupation, or previous dental history of the unidentified human body. It is also a career involved with the handling, examination and evaluation of dental evidence.
It also provides an important service to the community in both civil and criminal jurisdictions when identification is required of human remains that are either decomposed, visually unrecognizable or mutilated. Civil- Identification of individuals unidentifiable by visual means in cases of mass disasters, whether natural such as tsunamis, earthquakes, etc or man-made such as plane crashes. Criminal- Every set of teeth is unique whether in shape or size. Certain anomalies further individualizes teeth and thus can be used to trace down suspects in criminal cases of assault, homicide etc. Bite marks usually found on victims are documented and comparison studies are carried
Computer Aided Dental X-Rays Analysis Using Automatic Gaussian Fitting Energy And Level Sets Anupama Bhan, Malay Kishore Dutta, Pulkit Pandey Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Amity University, Noida, India Abstract--Identification of the Root canal length is a major concern in the dentistry worldwide, which currently seeks the manual calculation in order to detect the measurement of the teeth. This method presents an algorithm for fast and automatic measurement of the teeth prior to root canal therapy and molar endodontics. Intensity inhomogeneity often is a major problem in dental x-rays which causes considerable difficulties in segmentation. This method provides a combinational approach of Local Gaussian Distribution
In today’s situation when crime records are at peak, identification of the victim or the mode of crime is a brain storming process. Dentist plays a small yet significant role in crime investigation through the speciality known as forensic odontology. According to Keiser-Neilson, forensic odontology is a branch of forensic medicine which deals with the proper handling, examination and presentation of dental evidence in the best interest of justice.1 Forensic odontology involves the management, examination, evaluation and presentation of dental evidence in civil or criminal proceeding along with research. Thus, forensic odontologist assists the legal authorities by examining the dental evidences in these situation.2 Although globally forensic odontology has taken giant steps in the technical advancements. Ironically in India forensic odontology is still miles behind.
Outline of Forensic Odentology: Forensic odentology brings systematic methodologies to support in documentation of victims associated to criminality or accident. To assist with forensic odentology, odentologists prerequisite to be aware of the importance of keeping precise, present, comprehensive & understandble dental records for the use of recognition. The preceding information will provide a general idea of forensic odentology history, numerous recognition procedures developed & how dental experts can become involved. Assignment Areas: • Discuss forensic odentology history. • Identify & describe recognition approaches utilized in forensic odentology.
Introduction Forensic Odontology (Dentistry) is a new and growing branch of Forensic Medicine. The journey started from the mother of Roman Emperor Nero, in 49 AD who was identified and discovered by her discoloured front teeth, following her assassination.  Forensic Odontology or Forensic Dentistry was defined by Keiser-Nielson in 1970 as “that branch of forensic science which in interest of justice deals with the proper handling and examination of dental evidence and with proper evaluation and presentation of dental findings”. It refers to areas of endeavour which can be used in a judicial setting and accepted by the court of law and the general scientific committee to isolate truth from untruth.  The discovery of double helix structure of Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) in 1953 by Watson
Forensic science is the application of many other sciences including physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, and engineering to matters of law and order. Forensics science is used by investigators to help understand what happened a crime scene. Every single part of the crime scene is analyzed to find the smallest bits of evidence. Forensic science can help investigators to understand how blood spatter patterns occur, find out who was at the crime scene, when the crime occurred, and who committed the crime. Forensic science is a very important part of the justice system, because it provides scientific facts based on hard evidence.
A SURVEY ANALYSIS ON SEGMENTING THE SKIN LESIONS 1.B.MAHESWARI,2.A.AKBAR BASHA 1.ME(CSE),Department of Computer Science Engineering, 2.Asst.Prof,Department of Computer Science Engineering, email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org. Oxford Engineering college,Trichy. ABSTRACT Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer if left uncured. Frequency rates of melanoma have been rising, especially between young adults, but continued existence rates are high if detected untimely. Unluckily, the time and costs necessary for dermatologists to screen all patients for melanoma are prohibitively costly.
Forensic Odontology The term “forensic” has its origin in the Latin word “forensis” from “forum,” which means a place where legal matters are discussed. The science of dentistry as related to the law is known as forensic dentistry or forensic odontology. Forensic odontology is a specialized field of dentistry related to legal problems. It is one of the most rapidly developing branches of forensic medicine and forensic science. Forensic odontology can be defined as the branch of dentistry that addresses the proper handling and examination of dental evidence and the evaluation and presentation of dental findings in the interests of justice.
so proper histhopathologic investigation and radiographic evaluation are necessary for accurate and final diagnosis. References 1.Al-Rawi NH. Localized reactive hyperplastic lesions of the gingiva: a clinico-pathological study of 636 lesions in Iraq. In¬ternet Journal of Dental Science. 2009;7(1).