The safe storage of hazardous goods such as chemicals is an essential part of an environmental, health and safety program. Hazardous goods and chemical storage facilities has to comply with certain minimum safety standards to satisfy different authorities which include Local Authorities, Health and Safety, Fire Department and a few others. Safe storage begins with an always up-to-date inventory of hazardous material to ensure all staff are aware of the dangers in the warehouse or storage facility. An accurate inventory is also necessary if emergency personnel are to respond effectively to a fire, explosion or chemical release in the area. The business can be fined if it does not provide an inventory to emergency response personnel and appropriate regulatory authorities.
• The working area and all the used equipment like Beakers, Test tubes and other laboratory glassware should be cleaned according to the required procedures. • All gas, water, vacuum and air valves should be completely turned off before leaving the laboratory.  Figure 1.5: Proper Waste Management The waste disposal should be done in a methodical manner so that when maintaining the laboratory inventories it will be very helpful. Dumping damaged laboratory glassware and disposal of chemicals should not cause any kind of environmental pollution. Common Hazard Symbols and their meaning There are some different dangers when handling chemicals.
LABORATORY FIRSTAID Accidents do not often happen in well-equipped chemistry laboratories if we all understand safe laboratory procedures and are careful in following them. When an occasional accident does occur, it is likely to be a minor one. The following information will be helpful to you if an accident occurs. Important Terms involved in laboratory first aid- 1) Carcinogenic – causes cancer 2) Caustic – burning away living tissue 3) Corrosive – eats away‖ tissue gradually 4) Irritant – causes redness, inflammation 5) Poison – causes toxic effects It is always mandatory to use accurate protocols of first aid when a particular health issue occurs in the lab, thereby bringing about your assurance as well as the others with you in the laboratory. Chemicals in the Eyes • Getting
Unsafe injections Unsafe injections practice is the main cause of transmission blood borne pathogens, for example, hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV). In developing countries, the most common cause of HVC is unsafe injections. Unsafe injections happen through contaminated needles and the conditions of places where injections stored in it. In this case study, the ethical dilemma is related to unsafe injections. In this case study, there are two ethical dilemmas.
First and foremost,infection control consideration refers to policies and procedures used to minimize the risk of spreading infections from one person to another especially in hospital or other health care facilities.By and large,we are able to minimize the risk of occurrence infection within the Diagnostic Radiology department by established procedures guidelines in the handling the equipment and awareness of transmission disease throughout the procedure of a radiology examination.Understanding the modes of transmission of infectious organisms and apply the basic protocol of infection prevention and control at all time is important to interrupt the chain of transmission of the bacteria or viruses and minimize the spread of disease among the
Name : Veyini A/P Ramamsamy Class : G4 Student Number : S10135679E Introduction In hospital environment there are a number of safety threats for the patients and healthcare workers. The sources of this safety threats are natural environment, chemical and drugs, people, microorganism and vermins, electricity, wastes, gravity and mechanical stress, surroundings and sound and radiation. This safety threats can be reduced or prevent by using certain preventive measures. 1. Natural Environment In a hospital areas there are many pollution risks.
If any wounds or bruises were gotten, first aid needs to be applied on them so as to prevent infections and the like. If it is something major like trauma or broken bones, professional help and first aid may be needed. Call the doctor immediately for advice. Turn on the radio to check for any news on possible aftershocks or tsunami warnings. Especially if you are living near a body of water, the radio is a powerful tool for you as it tells you if a tsunami may be coming.
For example, x-ray technicians are at risk for radiation-induced illnesses, whereas coal miners are prone to lung diseases caused by inhalation of dust. Proper use of safeguards can prevent these and other environmental diseases. WHO’s report on “Preventing disease through healthy environments - towards an estimate of the
Repercussions from the Lack of Hand Hygiene Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who require haemodialysis are at extremely high risk of Staphylococcus Aureus bacteraemia (Safdar, 2005). In the area of haemodialysis (HD) paying attention to hand hygiene and asepsis is especially important since there is an open access to the blood circulatory system. Study findings highlight that 3 of every 10 patients undergoing HD who develop Staphylococcus Aureus bacteraemia will also suffer further complications (Engemann et al., 2005). Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria are easily transmitted from patient to patient on the hands of health care providers and the patients themselves. In addition to the substantial morbidity and mortality associated with Staphylococcus Aureus infection, the economic cost of Staphylococcus Aureus bacteremia in this population is striking.
In order to avoid fire, fire determination alarms and fire protection equipment must be supplied all the sites in hydrocarbon fields. Discharges of Pollutants In the process of hydrocarbon production, some unnecessary fluids and gases should be discharged to the air and sea. However, they should be treated before discharging them in a manner that will not harm ne nature. Some data should be assessed and collected on the quantity, and quality of chemicals which are used in treatment. The best way is to choose the chemicals in a way that is suitable the environment.