Essay On Fossil Fuel

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Introduction
The highest energy consumption rate in today’s world is fossil fuel. They are our best friend in daily life. Thousands of years ago, due to a drastic change in the earth, fossil fuels were formed.

The fossil fuels include petroleum (oil), coal and natural gas. Fossil Fuels are nonrenewable energy. 90% of U.S. energy consumption is nonrenewable energy including oil 36%, natural gas 27%, coal 19% [1]. Fossil fuel was formed from the remains of animals bones and plants that lived millions of years ago in a marine environment before dinosaurs.

Oil is one of the best energy in the world because oil only needs little amount to produce a large amount of energy, it has low cost, also oil is easy to be stored and transported.

How is your
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Oil are easily stored and transported from one place to another. There are many ways to transport oil. The first one is pipelines. Pipelines are efficient because most are buried, largely unseen. The second way is rail transportation. Railroads are efficient means of transporting crude oil and other fuels. There many other ways to transport oil.
Many people are concern that there are lots of leaks in oil tankers or ship getting drowned deep in the sea that were carrying crude oil to get refined. The crude oil contains some toxic substances which when mixed up with water pose serious hazards to aquatic life. There has been few major disaster such as the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska and the BP accident in the Gulf of Mexico.
Many countries set up higher safety standard to prevent oil leak. Under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 require any tanker built after July 6, 1993, to be double hulled to operate in Canadian waters. A double hull is a type of hull where the bottom and sides of a vessel have two complete layers of watertight hull surface.

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