In summary; James Buchanan 1861, Abraham Lincoln 1861, Franklin Roosevelt, 1942, Harry Truman 1950, John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon 1964-1975. Seven presidents engaged the U. S. Military in armed conflict without a formal declaration of war. Each convinced in their own righteousness in what they were doing. Regardless, in the Korean and Vietnam conflicts 94,889 United States Servicemen were killed, 256,587 wounded, and 15,286 were taken prisoner or still missing. That is a very heavy price that was paid for undeclared war.
Since the founding of the United States, there has been a debate over the power of the presidency, in regards to the constitution. In the article, “The Constitution and United States Foreign Policy: An Interpretation”, author Walter LaFeber, examines the theme of presidential power and the constitution in association with American foreign policy. From the beginning of the 1790s, there were debates as to the power that an American president had in the United States and in the world. These arguments continued between the 19th and 20th centuries. What was also important and central to this article, is not only the level of power a president does have in foreign affairs, but also the harmful consequences in using those powers without adhering to
Most notably is the Vietnam War. Despite the fact that the United States never formally declared war during the clash, it was locked in battle with North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces for over ten years. Like Jefferson, President Lyndon Johnson utilized Congressional approval of military intervention in the South East Asian region to begin conventional warfare with communist forces in the area. Like in the Barbary Wars, the president used executive power combined with the approval of Congress to protect American interests and the interests of its
They were scared of tyranny, especially pertaining to the fact that under the new Constitution, the national government, or Congress, would be able to make decisions without even asking for the states’ permission. (Anti-Federalist 1: Brutus). Even though the Constitution called for checks and balances, Anti-Federalist Patrick Henry, was convinced that the president would be the one making all the decisions, not unlike a king. (Bianco and Canon, 44). The national supremacy clause in the Constitution even stated that national law supersedes any state law when there is conflict.
After the Revolutionary War, the Founding Fathers began to develop the country. This Founding Fathers were at first lost and confused at where they should go after the war because the United States Constitution did not leave them an outline that could be followed. In the end, through various attempts and risky tries the country finally began to continue onto the correct pathway. However, the peace and tranquility did not last long, the colonies became aggravated at the interference the British had on them. Then, in 1812, a war broke out once again between the Americans and British.
Our country has gone through changes since we have acquired a new president, Donald J. Trump. The United States is divided over whether to support or oppose him. One of the most popular debatable topics right now is the entry of terrorist and refugees into the United States. Whether we should block off certain countries to protect the security of America. An executive order is implemented to block off certain countries entrance.
The Constitutional Convention held during May 25 1787 to March 4 1789. This convention purpose is aimed at creating a fully empowered national government to replace the state-based system under the Articles of Confederation. The three major problems with the Articles were no control of taxation, no executive and unicameral congress. To resolve problems, the Great Compromise was reached a consensus. The 13 colonies created the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan to protect their rights again, but these two Plans had not been assembly into the
The doctrine didn’t make great change at it’s time but was revived during Polk’s presidency and eventually became an important national principle. The War of 1812 was a result of the events that occurred during Britain’s conflicts with France. America declared itself a sovereign nation during the conflicts between Britain and France but the British still punished the nation through the Orders in Council and impressment. The practice of impressment combined with American embargo policies pushed America to declare war on Britain in 1812 because Britain showed no respect for America’s sovereignty and proved that it wouldn’t change it’s restrictive trading policies despite America’s peaceful attempts. America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment.
For the Americans, the goal was to set up a provisional Korean government. As for the Soviets, the goal was to avoid a unification of Korea. Korea became known as an “ideological battleground.” With the creation of two Korean governments it led to the partition of the peninsula. The historical significance of the Korean War is that until this day the Korean peninsula remains a watchful concern for the U.S. In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War, written in 2012, Melinda L. Pash mentions the effect of the conflict on soldiers when they returned.