Also, many crimes were committed by those who were at administration of countries which Alexander had conquered. These crimes consisted of being acted improperly to Holy places such as temples and tombs. These governors were at their own master to govern their cities by taking advantage of the new conquests by Alexander because he had to undertake the expedition to India for a long time. They didn’t think that Alexander couldn’t return his home safely because he and his armies had to cope with difficult conditions in Gadrosia. Other important anecdote is worded as follows in the
Different segments of the Iranian society clearly suffered from plethora of issues the Shah had created for them. He made new land reforms and taxation which created problems for the peasants and merchants, the educated citizens of the society suffered from unemployment and lack of freedom, the Islamic scholars from their general loss of influence over the people. He westernized Iran which made many people believe they were getting far away from Islamic Principles. After years of pent up anger the people started to revolt against the shah. Iranians organized with the help of the religious establishment to overthrow the Shah and completely reform the Iranian political system.
Many academic studies, such as Miller's 1985 study in 56 countries, concluded that there was a steadily increasing relationship between inequality in income distribution and social oppression and political violence. The violence, which was either in the form of strikes, demonstrations or riots by sectors and segments of workers, students and some Islamic groups, and even some left-wing forces in the 1970s and 1980s, was mainly related to the cause of social justice, protesting inequitable economic and social gaps, Just. The source of this crisis is that the more inequitable the distribution of wealth and the greater the social and economic contradictions, individual frustration and collective discontent will pave the way for a series of hotbeds of tension and a potentially explosive conflict when the opportunity arises. As well as riots in Arab countries such as Egypt 1977, Tunisia 1981, 1984, Morocco 1984, Sudan 1981, 1985, as a result of the governments of these countries to raise the prices of commodities and reduce subsidies in the implementation of the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund. While some believe that the causes of political violence lie in the deviant behavior of politicians and their desire to access or maintain power, they make use of the big and small causes and combine social and economic
The leadership in both countries at the time of their revolutions was certainly repressive, especially in terms of taxation. Both areas suffered social and economic hardships that led to the realization that something must be done to topple the hierarchy and put power back into the hands of the people. While there are several similarities in
They lacked organization, support, leadership, and left the British even more bitter towards them. Consequently, the British came up with a plan that only broke down the strength of the Indians even more. Britain promised the Indians a share in their government if the Indian soldiers helped fight their battles of seas against the Portuguese and some of the other European traders. However, more Indians were elected to the legislative council but the British made the struggle for independence even harder for the
However, this very principle of utilitarianism also faces criticism in later time for the fact that it cannot adequately safeguard the rights of every individual person and that happiness depends on many other things other than based on this principle. It is also as against the extreme form of individualism that many thinkers stand opposed to the same. Many thinkers fear that the practice of individualism may bring the organic social order and harmony of the society into jeoparady. Edmund Burke (1729- 1797) is of the view that liberalism which is identified with modern notion of individualism has no positive influence on the society if exercised alone. In such a case, it may give rise to unruly behaviour on the part of the individual in the society.
The Partition of Bengal led to a mighty upsurge which brought people and political leaders together. The Indian National Congress and the nationalists of Bengal opposed the partition. Within Bengal, different sections of the population – zamindars, merchants, lawyers, students and women- rose up in opposition to the partition of their province. Many protest meetings were held by eminent leaders like Surendranath Banerjee, Krishna Kumar Mitra, P.C. Ray, B.C.
There had been nation-wide protests and demonstrations against the increase in prices of the essential commodities, food scarcity, growing unemployment. Without paying heed to the problems, the Indira Government took the issue as law and order problems. Such reactions of the Government further reinforced public bitterness and increased popular unrests. The Communist and the Socialist Parties launched movements for equality and justice. In some regions, the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) organized armed struggles.
The main reason behind the growth of extremism mentality in our society is due to the absence of the mechanism which will help the people to convey their will to the political system and second is the increasing supremacy of USA to excess the resources of the Muslim countries. The hopelessness in Pakistan is complemented by the in capability of the political system to solve the basic problems of the people. Due to the failure of democracy in Pakistan the people have lost faith on the democracy system in Pakistan. The feudal system has destroyed the national interest by giving the wealth and power in few hands and this has resulted in the lack of social justice. The concentration of wealth in few hands has resulted in the poverty, lack of education and people started to use other means to solve their problems.
The peasant struggles in this period were led predominantly by left political parties like the communist party of India (CPI), praja sociologist party (PSP), and Socialist party (SP), through their Kisan organizations. Kathleen Gough mentioned in her work ‘Indian peasant uprising’ that during the colonial period the farmer’s movement are often a rebellious one as the movement often took the form of social banditry and terrorist vengeance. The revolt happened mostly in densely populated regions where there is rack renting, land hunger, large number of landless laborer and un- employment. The British rule further increases their misery by introducing cash crop, unnecessary tariff and middleman. All the revolution embodied ideas of freedom from undue economy exploitation and deprivation.