PRIVACY AND FREEDOM OF THE PRESS IN THE AGE OF NEW MEDIA The debate between privacy and the media is not new. The interrelation between the two has been discussed by many scholars as well as the courts across many jurisdictions. A recent US court decision valuing Hulk Hogan’s privacy over freedom of the press in the Gawker case has given a fresh stimulus to this on-going debate in the context of internet media. This decision calls for a review of the notion that privacy rights conflict with freedom of the press, especially in cases involving a celebrity or a public figure. The media, while exercising its freedom of the press, under appropriate circumstances, can publish private information of celebrities if it is newsworthy or in the public interest.
Freedom of press and freedom of speech must be subject to some form of statutory regulation The question about freedom of press and freedom of speech is currently controversial due to the active technology development and the huge amount of available information. One issue is that information is power that has a positive influence on the society and is an effective mechanism in strengthening of social evolution. On the other hand, information can be misused and follow the negative social consequences. Furthermore, there is no clear definition of a freedom of speech, it is vaguely and many-sided. This essay will research these arguments and argue that the freedom of press and freedom of speech need to be under government control.
But not all countries have same interpretations for this. According to Kyu Ho Youm (2009) “The sources and objectives of these media laws reflect each society’s political and sociocultural value judgments in weighing press freedom against its competing values”. Countries could apply their laws directly to the press or indirectly, depending on how the country interprets its freedom of speech (Youm 2009). In a study made by Jerry Knudson, he discussed the irony of the colegios, a regulating body
The struggle for control of the mass media is concentrated on controlling behavior, any individuals, any mass. The power of the media is created on the powerlessness of the audience to take a critical stance towards the information broadcast by media. Subtle methods of media with “beautifully packaged” disinformation often imperceptibly are accepted without doubt. Such social perception allows the media to keep the public trust. Otherwise, their influence on the public opinion would be negligible.
Other hand it is also the emphasises the dependence other forces in society like politics and money may considered hare as an example. From this second point of view, the forms of mass media are an outcome of historical change a reflection and consequence of political liberalisation and industrialisation and a response to demands for servicing from other social institutions. Mass Society Theory Mass society theory emphasises the inter-dependence of institutions that exercise power and thus the integration of the media into the sources of social power and authority. Content in the media is likely to serve the interest of political and economic power holders and although the media cannot be expected to offer a critical or alternative definition of the world, their tendency will be to assist in the accommodation of the dependent public to their
It is, therefore, a basic right. The freedom of speech and expression is regarded as the first condition of liberty. It occupies and preferred an important position in the hierarchy of the liberty. Freedom of speech and expression means the right to express one’s own convictions and opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode. It thus includes the expression of one’s ideas through any communicable medium or visible representation, such as, gesture, sighs and the like.1 In modern time it is widely accepted that the right to freedom of speech is the essence of free society and it must be safeguarded at all time.
The Role of Independent Media and Journalism in Today’s Peace-Making and Conflict Resolution The role of media gradually increases in the present society, especially now that freedom of expression and freedom of the press displays an evidently great effect on development, democracy and discourse. Information is a powerful tool and insight has a huge impact on public discussion. Thus, views on a certain matter can be changed by access to media. Various types of media are developed to distribute knowledge worldwide. Consequently, effective media is an essential part in any culture of resolution, and it is a key for groups trying to make a change towards peace and equality.
The freedom of speech and expression ensures Liberty to one and all to propagate his or her views without the fear of inviting punishment albeit with certain restrictions. It also includes the right publish the views of other people,7 otherwise this freedom would not include the freedom of the press. ________________________________________ 5. Chintamani Rao v. State of Madhya Pradesh, AIR 1951 SC 118. 6.