Describe The Functions Of The Skeleton

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Function of the skeleton:
The skeleton has 6 main functions, they are: Support (Supporting tissue and provides points of attachment.), protection (Provides mechanical protection of internal organs.), assisting in movement (Skeletal muscles are attached to bones therefore they help them to move), storage of minerals (Bone tissues store several minerals e.g. calcium and phosphorus when needed they will the bone will release these into the blood.), production of blood cells (The red bone marrow inside larger bones is the site of red blood cells).
Synovial Joints:


Visceral muscle- Visceral muscles are usually found in the stomach, intestines and blood vessels. Visceral muscles make organs contract to
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A ligament is composed of dense tough bundles of collagenous fibres and spindle-shaped cells known as fibrocystic. The purpose of the ligament is to hold two bones or cartilage together.

Tendon is a tissue that attaches a muscle to other parts of the body which are usually bones. These are firmly attached to the muscle fibres at the end of the bone. Tendons are remarkably strong, having one of the highest tensile strengths found among soft tissues. The structure of a tendon is that they’re flexible but inelastic.

Reduces friction and acts as a cushion between joints and helps support our weight when we run, bend, and stretch. Holds bones together, for instance, the bones of the ribcage. Some body parts are made almost entirely of cartilage, for example, the external parts of our ears. A function of a cartilage is that it acts as a shock absorber and will aid in smooth movement of the joint. It will provide protection and cushioning for the synovial joints as it is almost spongy and is hard to
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The hearts job is to pump blood around the body. The right side of the heart receives blood whereas the other side pumps blood around the body. It is made of a muscle that doesn’t get fatigued. The heart can make blood reach any part of the body.

The ventricles are two large chambers the collect and pump blood around the body. The right ventricle receives the blood whereas the left side pumps the blood around the body. They are located at the near the bottom of the heart

This is the first place where the blood enters the heart. Deoxygenated blood enters the right side of the atrium. The right side will then pump the deoxygenated blood to the pulmonary veins.

The heart has 4 valves: Mitral, Tricuspid, aortic and pulmonary. The Mitral and tricuspid valves control blood flow from the atria to the ventricles. The aortic valve and pulmonary control blood flow out of the ventricles.

The aorta is the main artery in the human body which is in the left ventricle of the heart extending down to the abdomen this is where it splits into two smaller arteries. The aorta distributes oxygenated blood to all parts of the body.


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