Gender roles are also exist with respect to interpersonal behavior (it still common for men to ask women for dates than vice versa). (pp: 221 John E. Farley & Michael W. Flota). In fact, men and women are expected to feel different roles in virtually every area of life and in
Women may be more persuaded by face to face communication whereas no difference is seen in the nature of communication on men. This may be due to women preferring to be more cooperative which makes it more challenging to resist persuasive requests that are made face to face. Furthermore it is suggested that females are only more predisposed than males when they are less familiar than males with what is being deliberated. This may be due to most of the research being conducted by male researchers and including topics mostly related to men. There may be a link between the context of communication and gender differences in persuasion.
Women are more likely to engage in self disclosure and conversation, on the contrary, men 's friendships tend to be more focused on activities, are less intimate, and more stable. In my culture we are happier if the other persons we help are happier rather than resolving just the problems in general. My own relationship norms and experiences in my culture it’s been consistent with those expressed in the readings, because in terms of relationships, for me, is the most important thing because we must relate with other people to make friends and to meet the person you will love also, this will help us
But when it comes to the differences in body language men and woman show up in two primary ways. There are differences in behaviours as well as differences in the purpose behind their behaviours. For instance, females are generally more likely to display nurturing behaviours, show emotions, and let their feelings come through. Men, on the other hand, are generally more likely to display behaviours of power. In the modern world, however, these general tendencies are subject to far more variability than ever before.
This argument is in line with what Cameron argues. Cameron (1998b, pp. 280–1) also states that Men and women are members of cultures in which a large amount of discourse about gender is constantly circulating. They do not only learn, and then mechanically reproduce, ways of speaking ‘appropriate’ to their own sex; they learn a much broader set of gendered meanings that attach in rather complex ways to different ways of speaking, and they produce their own behavior in the light of these meanings. It therefore can be simply said that according to Cameron, men and women have their own ways in communicating with others together with their belief of what men and women are supposed to do.
There are many types of gender roles a man or a woman may assume to be, and how they are placed into society. This can be referred to as the “social construction of gender” - the gender difference of a man and woman. The ideas of how one should act and behave are often times ascribed by their gender on how society
This non-traditional leadership style is characterised by completeness and interactiveness. Subordinates are encouraged to participate and have a say in every aspect of their work. This inclusive leadership style has its disadvantages, which is not only viewed as symbolic of women leaders, but the leaders have to act on the input they receive which takes up a lot of time, therefore opening one up to criticism which can be interpreted as the leader not having answers (Rosener, 1990). In addition Rosener (1990) indicated that women prefer the participation leadership style but when there are time constraints, women tend to act unilaterally. Rosener (1990) indicated that this nontraditional leadership style can be effective in organisations that accept it, where the organisation is not always about the survival of the fittest.
In accordance, Holmes (1995) explains also the way language is used by males is different from that of females : Most women enjoy talking and regard talking as an important means of keeping in touch, especially with friends and intimates. They use language to establish, nurture and develop personal relationships. Men tend to see language more as a tool for obtaining and conveying information (p.2). Moreover, men and women tend to use offensive language differently in a mixed _company.This is reiterated by Coates (2004), who mentions Gomm’s research (1981) in her book which shows that “ both men and women swear more in the company of their own sex and male usage of swear words in particular drops dramatically in a mixed_ sex conversations ” (p.97). In general, males use weaker expletives in the presence of females and they tend to use them sometimes as a strategy to dominate during mixed_gender interaction.
The second part illustrates the causes of differences. The third part is the influence on communication. Key words: gender difference language use man woman Men and women are the main bodies in social activities. Language is an important tool for people to be involved in the society. Because of the gender difference, there exist many differences when people use language.
This theory explains how people experience their gender. When society ties certain traits to a gender, such as a woman being emotional or as a man being tough and masculine, they are more likely to play out those roles. Men are seen as the stronger individuals of the society, than women. This idea that men are superior is shown everyday through personal behavior, language and use of space. Without recognizing it, gender has control over the way we behave.