In 2014, “households headed by blacks was $43,300, and for whites it was $71,300” (“Inequality”). These kind of statistics show the unfair income rates of African Americans, and that does not just go for uneducated black people with a low income job. Among adults with a bachelor's degree, black households earned $82,300, compared with white households earning $106,600, a significantly higher amount for the same degree of education (“Inequality”). Along with the discrimination in income, “many blacks also report feeling like others have questioned their intelligence. Some 45% say that in the past 12 months people have treated them as if they were not smart because of their race or ethnicity” (“Inequality”).
Brazil is known to have struggled with poverty despite its economy having been ranked as having the 9th highest gross domestic product (GDP) globally. The country admittedly is rich in natural resources and land due to its large size, but as a result of the resources being unequally distributed among its population there is a noteworthy level of poverty existing today. According to the statistical data made available by the UN, 80 percent of the wealth is controlled by only 20% the population while have of the nation’s income is controlled by a mere 1% of the population. In an effort to combat the high levels of poverty and decrease the huge disparity between the wealthy and the poor. The social, socio-economic, political, endogenous and exogenous
There is an income inequality that exists in the Unites States, women earn on average 80% what the average male makes. In 2016, the median earning of males was $51, 640 while women made $41, 554 (Semega, 2017). Education also plays a role in the gender pay gap and even though women may be receiving the same degree as a man they continue to be paid less. The pay gap associated with education is illustrated by Larkin, "On average, a male with a bachelor's degree will earn $25,000 more than a female with a similar degree. Women with a master's degree earn $32,500 less than men possessing a similar degree" (2015, para. 58).
Intersectionality is an important aspect to feminism. Without intersectionality all that is to be said is that there is a wage gap. However intersectionality shows that while a majority of women are subject to the wage gap, some are affected more harshly due to their portions of their
In Peter Van Buren article, Goodnight American Dream: The middle Class is Now a Minority, Van Buren details this division. Once representing 62% of Americans the middle class went from the backbone of our country to a minority. Due to the growing social inequality gap since 1970, the middle class is disappearing at a steady rate, now representing 43% of all Americans. This division of social classes divide the nation unequally as more people are falling to the lower class America. In 1970, 29% of the nation income went to the upper class of America, now it is staggering 49% of the national income will go towards the already wealthy (Van Buren).
We have seen that gender is socially constructed and globalised concept which attributes differing social roles and identities to men and women. Gender differences cause some attitudes which refers as gender inequality almost in all societies. It is one of the most debated topic that many sociologist studied. We can see this gender inequality almost in every part in our life and advertising is one of the most popular area that we see this inequality.” Advertising is an over $200 billion a year industry.
The disparity has been justified that women make less money than men are based on what seem to be logical reasons but According to a 2010 study done by the U.S. Census Bureau, the average of all working women earn 78% of what men makes and 64% for black women. While is is useful to look at the incomes of men and women as a whole, it still doesn’t account for things such as educational level, work experience, hours worked, and type of job. However, even when we control for these factors, the gender pay gap still exists. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released a 2014 report examining the median weekly earnings of full time wage and salary workers that took gender and job position into account.
Sizeism is the discrimination of people due to their size in the sense of their height or weight, but more commonly their weight. People that are heavier have a harder time getting a job. “Over the past few decades sizeism in the workplace has increased by 66 percent and it affects women more than men” (Giang). This could be because people who are overweight are commonly associated with being lazy, unmotivated and lacking in self-discipline; however, we know this is not true, even people of normal weight are lazy and not motivated. While researching sizeism I hope to learn why it is harder for people that are overweight to get jobs, is it because of how the words they are commonly associated with, and why is it harder for overweight women than
According to the United States Census Bureau women only make 79 cents to every dollar a man earns. Women are also less likely to get promoted though women and men say they want to be promoted in about equal numbers. American workplaces are far from achieving gender equality in the workplace.
In addition to working in such hostile environments, women are consistently are paid less than their men peer, earning about 81 cents to every 1 dollar of men’s wage( Conley, 2011). Situation during the first years of millennium has substantially impacted gender roles in society. In twentieth century, study of gender roles is considered one of the most significant tendency in the contemporary sociology science. Because of gender problems have become one the most controversial issues in the scientific investigations, academic analyses and today’s media, the confusion about the similarity of two concept :sex and gender has decreased. In sociology science, these terms are regulated dominate different spheres.
For many women in Canada, retirement only means financial struggle. Senior women are twice as likely to live in poverty than men. Men and Women work about the same hours in a day but women do more unpaid work like childcare, cooking and housework. In order to manage their household responsibilities, many women choose part-time or temporary jobs which is bad because most of these jobs are low paid and have no long term security. Compared to other developed countries, Canada’s poverty rate is very high as we rank 20th out of the 31 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries.
Economic inequality is a severe and growing problem that needs to be addressed and fixed. The United States is currently the richest country in history; however, that title seems only nominal when in reality, much of that wealth is controlled by a small 1% of the country’s population. Even with the major technological advancements and the rising productivity in the country, most Americans are left to work longer hours for lower wages. The United States has the most unequal distribution of wealth and income out of all the developed nations today and continues to head toward greater inequality. Things have gotten so bad that even those at the top are speaking out; the richest man on Earth, Bill Gates, acknowledges the problem, "Yes, some level
One of the biggest struggles that women has to go through is not getting paid as equally as men. An Equal Pay Act in 1963 had to be made in order to forbid sex based wage discrimination, even though women are still getting 91 cents of every dollar earned by men (10 Challenges That American Women Still Face Today, paragraph. 2). In Russia, many women are paid less than men and their wage and salaries were 70% of men (Snezhkova, (2005), Page 3). This became a problem for many other countries where women wages would be 84% of men also and they would only receive just 58% of the income from their spouse (Social Inequalities, the World Cup, and Some Simple Solutions, Paragraph 6). In other words, this statement is saying that even though men and
The change of working hours has brought in the inequality and poverty rates even higher had the average U.S. worker not increased his or working hours” (Hytrek & Zentgraf, 2008, p.121). Concluding that most workers are working several jobs at a time due to the recent decrease of on wages and employment. (Hytrek & Zentgraf, 2008, p. 121) In result, there is more new poor working poor who are people that can’t get out of poverty or are people that are literally surviving a paycheck they receive. From the data to the actual affects it shows that the nature of work has not only families income but also the working hours for
First, women, on average, earn less $10,000 less than men and are more likely to have their jobs cut, resulting in lesser benefits once they reach retirement and old age. In addition, many women have to take significant time out of work due to pregnancy and caregiving compared to men and struggle to make up this difference in pay. Next, women tend to live longer than men, so their savings need to last for a longer period of time and be more spread out. Finally, it has been proven that women are much more likely to be in poverty than men and struggle to get above the poverty level, especially if they are