Essay On Gender Inequality In The Workplace

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Gender Stereotypes: Gender is often attributed with different characteristics and as a consequence, society expects different behaviours from different genders. Society imposes certain kind of roles on people based on their gender and expects them to stick by it. These prejudices and conventional ideas that have been formed regarding the social roles of an individual based on their gender, is also termed as gender stereotype.
Gender stereotypes are prescriptive as well as proscriptive in nature. Prescriptive as in, how men and women should behave, like agentic attributes are prescribed for men, while communal attributes are prescribed for women. Proscriptive as in, how men and women should not behave, like dominant "masculine" traits are proscribed for women and submissive "feminine" traits are proscribed for men.
These societal expectations and roles may differ from culture to culture. However, it has been commonly identified that, to an extent, inequality prevails within work places based on the gender of the individual. Some of the common stereotypes that are often associated with women are negative, such as, they are considered to be individuals, who are incapable of taking quick decisions, who lack logical thinking and as someone who is sensitive and incapable of handling pressure and stress. On the other hand, men are attributed with
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It arises from the differences in the socially constructed gender roles. Gender inequality exists in many forms in organisations. Inequality based on gender, in most cases, stems from HR practices, due to the reason that HR practices, such as, policy formulation, decision-making and their subsequent enactment influences the hiring, training, pay and promotion of women in the organization.
Institutional Discrimination in HR
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