Stereotypes as regards gender, refer to certain traits presumably adhered to males and females in the society, that define and distinguish these genders. According to Mynhardt, the two genders (males and females) portray traits which are both negative and positive. Gender stereotypes have far reaching consequences
Introduction Modern society tends to stereotypical thinking and perception of gender differences. It is extremely important to pay attention to stereotypes, not to give in to the impact on the perception and livelihoods. Some of the most common stereotypes is the idea of typical female and typically male qualities. The presence of different social roles, which are perceived as the fundamental differences between men and women in their psyche and activities, forms gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are formed within a particular culture.
Sadly, women are taught that they must rely on men because they are too weak to be independent. This creates gender inequality which can be described as unequal power relations, which leads to discrimination based on gender. Gender inequality has made it possible for gender-based violence to exist and persist. Thus, concluding that our society
The supply of members of that group and the distribution of preferences among the majority generate the observed outcome of market discrimination. With that being said, employers tend to make assumptions about what kind of career opportunities that are inappropriate for women. Therefore, influencing their decisions about job applicants and existing employees. This causes the pay gap as they impact what career women apply for, what type of jobs they are offered and how far they can excel. This further influenced women choices when employers give out unfair compensation compared to their opposite sex
LITERATURE VIEW In today’s world, it cannot be denied that patriarchy, political, social and traditional power of male over other genders, is faced inevitably (Goldberg, 1993) Sexism is one of the most common problematic issues in today’s society that shapes people behavior on gender and usually it is seen as hostile behavior against women. However, its one side of which people are unaware is missed: positive-thought part of sexism (Glick and Fiske, 1996). Benevolent sexism and hostile sexism are subdivisions of ambivalent sexism. Benevolent sexism refers to sexist ideas, behaviors thought for the benefit of females. On the contrary, hostile sexism is having negative, unfavorable notions and behave accordingly against women (Glick and Fiske, 1997).
Including the gender difference perspective, created by society that gender differences separate a fine line between men and women. Woman’s norms, costumes and expectations for their gender greatly differ from men’s. There are different values and characteristics associated with being a woman, and as a reason for why men and woman experience the world differently. Women are viewed as solf care takers who are emotional, submissive, creatures that are often seen as sexual instruments for men. While on the other hand men are thought to be tough aggressive workers.
Throughout history, people have portrayed men and women differently often requiring of the former masculinity and of the latter femininity. Society often tries to assign specific traits for men and specific traits for women. The value of a women is different than a man’s value. This leaves society with the question, “What does it mean for a man to be masculine and a woman to be feminine?” Are these phrases established to help us identify genders? In society, it is intimated that men have to possess the masculinity gender and women have to possess the femininity gender.
However, gender roles also have costs and disadvantages to people. It affects the way people perceive others as they make assumptions on their behaviors (Beal 284) which can lead to criticisms. Because of the assumptions and distinctions gender roles built, males and females experience “lost or limited opportunities” (Beal 284) wherein an individual is restricted to do things they are not expected to
This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture). Feminists note the ways in which a woman is different from a man; they stress the biological and cultural differences between genders. They also often reverse the dominant patriarchal values of a man by showing preferences to women’s qualities and their competencies over a man’s. Furthermore, a person’s gender identity is their own personal account of their gender. It is the degree to which a person identifies as a male, female, or any other
Understanding this basic nature of the gender creates a difference amongst the gender and to add to women’s biological and sociological pattern has promoted them to be less successful than men. 2. The situation centre perspective: This perspective was first advocated by Kanter (1977) and then was further promoted by other researcher like Macniero (1986). It is the individual position in the organization which gives him power and he shapes his perception, attitude, traits and